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Martin-Lorenzo M.,Metropolitan Autonomous University | Alvarez-Llamas G.,Metropolitan Autonomous University | McDonnell L.A.,Center for Proteomics and Metabolomics | Vivanco F.,Metropolitan Autonomous University | Vivanco F.,Complutense University of Madrid
Expert Review of Proteomics | Year: 2015

Atherosclerosis is usually the underlying cause of a fatal event such as myocardial infarction or ictus. The atherome plaque develops silently and asymptomatically within the arterial intima layer. In this context, the possibility to analyze the molecular content of arterial tissue while preserving each molecule’s specific localization is of great interest as it may reveal further insights into the physiopathological changes taking place. Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) enables the spatially resolved molecular analysis of proteins, peptides, metabolites, lipids and drugs directly in tissue, with a resolution sufficient to reveal molecular features specific to distinct arterial structures. MSI represents a novel ex vivo imaging tool still underexplored in cardiovascular diseases. This review focuses on the MSI technique applied to cardiovascular disease and covers the main contributions to date, ongoing efforts, the main challenges and current limitations of MSI. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Source


Wuhrer M.,Center for Proteomics and Metabolomics | Hoffmann K.F.,Aberystwyth University | Deelder A.M.,Center for Proteomics and Metabolomics
Molecular and Cellular Proteomics | Year: 2015

Glycans present on glycoproteins and glycolipids of the major human parasite Schistosoma mansoni induce innate as well as adaptive immune responses in the host. To be able to study the molecular characteristics of schistosome infections it is therefore required to determine the expression profiles of glycans and antigenic glycan-motifs during a range of critical stages of the complex schistosome lifecycle. We performed a longitudinal profiling study covering schistosome glycosylation throughout worm- And egg-development using a mass spectrometrybased glycomics approach. Our study revealed that during worm development N-glycans with Galβ1-4(Fucα1- 3)GlcNAc (LeX) and core-xylose motifs were rapidly lost after cercariae to schistosomula transformation, whereas GalNAcβ1-4GlcNAc (LDN)-motifs gradually became abundant and predominated in adult worms. LeX-motifs were present on glycolipids up to 2 weeks of schistosomula development, whereas glycolipids with mono- And multifucosylated LDN-motifs remained present up to the adult worm stage. In contrast, expression of complex O-glycans diminished to undetectable levels within days after transformation. During egg development, a rich diversity of N-glycans with fucosylated motifs was expressed, but with α3-core fucose and a high degree of multifucosylated antennae only in mature eggs and miracidia. N-glycan antennae were exclusively LDNbased in miracidia. O-glycans in the mature eggs were also diverse and contained LeX- And multifucosylated LDN, but none of these were associated with miracidia in which we detected only the Galβ1-3(Galα1-6)GalNAc core glycan. Immature eggs also exhibited short O-glycan core structures only, suggesting that complex fucosylated O-glycans of schistosome eggs are derived primarily from glycoproteins produced by the subshell envelope in the developed egg. Lipid glycans with multifucosylated GlcNAc repeats were present throughout egg development, but with the longer highly fucosylated stretches enriched in mature eggs and miracidia. This global analysis of the developing schistosome's glycome provides new insights into how stage-specifically expressed glycans may contribute to different aspects of schistosomehost interactions. © 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Source


Holl S.,Julich Research Center | Memon S.,Julich Research Center | Schuller B.,Julich Research Center | Riedel M.,Julich Research Center | And 4 more authors.
Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing | Year: 2013

Parameter sweeps are used by researchers with scientific domain-specific tools or workflows to submit a large collection of computational jobs whereby each single job of it only varies in certain parts. They require a more fine-grained distribution of jobs across resources, which also raise a significant challenge for efficient resource management in middleware environments that have been not specifically designed to perform parameter sweeps. This paper offers insights into parameter sweep solutions that support multidisciplinary science environments via abstraction from resource management complexities using middleware. The solutions are based on use case requirements, enable efficient submission, enhanced usability, and standard compliance. We also apply a use case taken from the life science domain to demonstrate usefulness and efficiency of the solutions. © 2013 IEEE. Source


Holst S.,Center for Proteomics and Metabolomics | Stavenhagen K.,Center for Proteomics and Metabolomics | Balog C.I.A.,Center for Proteomics and Metabolomics | Koeleman C.A.M.,Center for Proteomics and Metabolomics | And 7 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Proteomics | Year: 2013

Cancer is a leading cause of death and alterations of glycosylation are characteristic features of malignant cells. Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers and its exact causes and biology are not yet well understood. Here, we compared glycosylation profiles of colorectal tumor tissues and corresponding control tissues of 13 colorectal cancer patients to contribute to the understanding of this cancer. Using MALDI-TOF(/TOF)-MS and 2-dimensional LC-MS/MS we characterized enzymatically released and 2-aminobenzoic acid labeled glycans from glycosphingolipids. Multivariate data analysis revealed significant differences between tumor and corresponding control tissues. Main discriminators were obtained, which represent the overall alteration in glycosylation of glycosphingolipids during colorectal cancer progression, and these were found to be characterized by (1) increased fucosylation, (2) decreased acetylation, (3) decreased sulfation, (4) reduced expression of globo-type glycans, as well as (5) disialyl gangliosides. The findings of our current research confirm former reports, and in addition expand the knowledge of glycosphingolipid glycosylation in colorectal cancer by revealing new glycans with discriminative power and characteristic, cancer-associated glycosylation alterations. The obtained discriminating glycans can contribute to progress the discovery of biomarkers to improve diagnostics and patient treatment. © 2013 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Source


Bakker L.E.H.,Leiden University | Boon M.R.,Leiden University | Boon M.R.,Einthoven Laboratory for Experimental Vascular Medicine | Annema W.,University of Groningen | And 15 more authors.
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases | Year: 2016

Background and Aims: South Asians have an exceptionally high risk of developing cardiovascular disease compared to white Caucasians. A contributing factor might be dysfunction of high density lipoprotein (HDL). We aimed to compare HDL function in different age groups of both ethnicities. Methods and Results: HDL functionality with respect to cholesterol efflux, anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation was determined using fasting, apoB-depleted, plasma samples from South Asian and white Caucasian neonates (n = 14 each), adolescent healthy men (n = 12 each, 18-25 y), and adult overweight men (n = 12 each, 40-50 y). Adolescents were subjected to a 5-day high fat high calorie diet (HCD) and adults to an 8-day very low calorie diet (LCD). Additionally, HDL composition was measured in adolescents and adults using 1H-NMR spectroscopy. Anti-oxidative capacity was lower in South Asian adults before LCD (19.4 ± 2.1 vs. 25.8 ± 1.2%, p = 0.045, 95%-CI = [0.1; 12.7]) and after LCD (16.4 ± 2.4 vs. 27.6 ± 2.7%, p = 0.001, 95%-CI = [4.9; 17.5]). Anti-inflammatory capacity was reduced in South Asian neonates (23.8 ± 1.2 vs. 34.9 ± 1.3%, p = 0.000001, 95%-CI = [-14.6; -7.5]), and was negatively affected by an 8-day LCD only in South Asian adults (-12.2 ± 4.3%, p = 0.005, 95%-CI = [-5.9; -1.2]). Cholesterol efflux capacity was increased in response to HCD in adolescents (South Asians: +6.3 ± 2.9%, p = 0.073, 95%-CI = [-0.02; 0.46], Caucasians: +11.8 ± 3.4%, p = 0.002, 95%-CI = [0.17;0.65]) and decreased after LCD in adults (South Asians: -10.3 ± 2.4%, p < 0.001, 95%-CI = [-0.57; -0.20], Caucasians: -13.7 ± 1.9%, p < 0.00001, 95%-CI = [-0.67; -0.33]). Although subclass analyses of HDL showed no differences between ethnicities, cholesterol efflux correlated best with cholesterol and phospholipid within small HDL compared to other HDL subclasses and constituents. Conclusion: Impaired HDL functionality in South Asians may be a contributing factor to their high CVD risk. © 2016 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Source

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