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Medicine Lodge, United States

Barillari C.,Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics | Ottoz D.S.M.,Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics | Ottoz D.S.M.,Center for Personalized Medicine | Fuentes-Serna J.M.,Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics | And 3 more authors.
Bioinformatics | Year: 2015

Summary: The open-source platform openBIS (open Biology Information System) offers an Electronic Laboratory Notebook and a Laboratory Information Management System (ELN-LIMS) solution suitable for the academic life science laboratories. openBIS ELN-LIMS allows researchers to efficiently document their work, to describe materials and methods and to collect raw and analyzed data. The system comes with a user-friendly web interface where data can be added, edited, browsed and searched. Availability and implementation: The openBIS software, a user guide and a demo instance are available at https://openbis-eln-lims.ethz.ch. The demo instance contains some data from our laboratory as an example to demonstrate the possibilities of the ELN-LIMS (Ottoz et al., 2014). For rapid local testing, a VirtualBox image of the ELN-LIMS is also available. © 2015 The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press.

Erb H.H.H.,Innsbruck Medical University | Langlechner R.V.,Innsbruck Medical University | Moser P.L.,Innsbruck Medical University | Handle F.,Innsbruck Medical University | And 8 more authors.
Endocrine-Related Cancer | Year: 2013

Development and progression of prostate cancer (PCa) are associated with chronic inflammation. The cytokine interleukin 6 (IL6) can influence progression, differentiation, survival, and angiogenesis of PCa. To identify novel pathways that are triggered by IL6, we performed a gene expression profiling of two PCa cell lines, LNCaP and MDA PCa 2b, treated with 5 ng/ml IL6. Interferon (IFN) regulatory factor 9 (IRF9) was identified as one of the most prevalent IL6-regulated genes in both cell lines. IRF9 is a mediator of type I IFN signaling and acts together with STAT1 and 2 to activate transcription of IFN-responsive genes. The IL6 regulation of IRF9 was confirmed at mRNA and protein levels by quantitative real-time PCR and western blot respectively in both cell lines and could be blocked by the anti-IL6 antibody Siltuximab. Three PCa cell lines, PC3, Du-145, and LNCaP-IL6C, with an autocrine IL6 loop displayed high expression of IRF9. A tissue microarray with 36 PCa tissues showed that IRF9 protein expression is moderately elevated in malignant areas and positively correlates with the tissue expression of IL6. Downregulation and overexpression of IRF9 provided evidence for an IFN-independent role of IRF9 in cellular proliferation of different PCa cell lines. Furthermore, expression of IRF9 was essential to mediate the antiproliferative effects of IFNa2. We concluded that IL6 is an inducer of IRF9 expression in PCa and a sensitizer for the antiproliferative effects of IFNα2. © 2013 The authors Published by Bioscientifica Ltd.

Falk M.J.,Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia | Gai X.,Center for Personalized Medicine | Shigematsu M.,Thomas Jefferson University | Vilardo E.,Medical University of Vienna | And 9 more authors.
RNA Biology | Year: 2016

We report a Caucasian boy with intractable epilepsy and global developmental delay. Whole-exome sequencing identified the likely genetic etiology as a novel p.K212E mutation in the X-linked gene HSD17B10 for mitochondrial short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase SDR5C1. Mutations in HSD17B10 cause the HSD10 disease, traditionally classified as a metabolic disorder due to the role of SDR5C1 in fatty and amino acid metabolism. However, SDR5C1 is also an essential subunit of human mitochondrial RNase P, the enzyme responsible for 5′-processing and methylation of purine-9 of mitochondrial tRNAs. Here we show that the p.K212E mutation impairs the SDR5C1-dependent mitochondrial RNase P activities, and suggest that the pathogenicity of p.K212E is due to a general mitochondrial dysfunction caused by reduction in SDR5C1-dependent maturation of mitochondrial tRNAs. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

Narasimhan M.,Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center | Rathinam M.,Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center | Riar A.,Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center | Patel D.,Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center | And 6 more authors.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research | Year: 2013

Background: Prenatal exposure to ethanol (EtOH) elicits a range of neuro-developmental abnormalities, microcephaly to behavioral deficits. Impaired protein synthesis has been connected to pathogenesis of EtOH-induced brain damage and abnormal neuron development. However, mechanisms underlying these impairments of protein synthesis are not known. In this study, we illustrate the effects of EtOH on programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4), a tumor and translation repressor. Methods: Primary cortical neurons (PCNs) were treated with 2.5 and 4 mg/ml EtOH for different time points (4 to 24 hours), and PDCD4 expression was detected by Western blotting. Protein synthesis was determined using [35S] methionine incorporation assay. Methyl cap pull-down assay was performed to establish the effect of EtOH on association of eukaryotic initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) with capped mRNA. Luciferase assay was performed to determine the in vivo translation. A 2-day acute 5-dose binge model with EtOH (4 g/kg body wt, 25% v/v) was performed in Sprague-Dawley rats at 12-hour intervals and analyzed for PDCD4, eIF4A, and eIF4A-methyl cap association. Results: EtOH increased PDCD4 expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner in PCNs, which inhibited the association of eIF4A with methyl cap. EtOH and ectopic PDCD4 expression suppressed in vivo translation in PCNs and RNAi targeting of PDCD4 blocked the inhibitory effect of EtOH on protein synthesis. In utero exposure of pregnant rats to EtOH resulted in a significant increase in PDCD4 in fetal cerebral cortex along with the inhibition of methyl cap-associated eIF4A, compared with isocaloric controls. Increased PDCD4 also occurred in pooled fractions of remaining brain regions. Conclusions: Our data, for the first time, illustrate that PDCD4 mediates inhibitory effects of EtOH on protein synthesis in PCNs and developing brain. © 2012 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.

Murray D.R.,William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital | Mummidi S.,University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio | Mummidi S.,Center for Personalized Medicine | Valente A.J.,University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology | Year: 2012

Both the sympathetic nervous system and the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-18 (IL-18) play key roles in the pathophysiology of the hypertrophied failing heart. IL-18 binding protein (IL-18BP), a natural inhibitor of IL-18, counters its biological effects. β-AR stimulation induces IL-18 expression, but whether it also regulates IL-18BP is not known. Here we demonstrate that the β-AR agonist isoproterenol (ISO) increases steady state IL-18BP mRNA and protein levels in adult mouse cardiomyocytes in a β 2-AR-dependent manner. We cloned mouse Il18bp 5'cis-regulatory region, and identified putative CREB and C/EBPβ transcription factor-binding sites. Forced expression of mutant CREB or C/EBPβ knockdown markedly attenuated ISO-induced Il18bp transcription and deletion or mutation of CREB and C/EBP motifs in the Il18bp promoter reduced ISO-induced promoter-reporter gene activity. ISO induced CREB and C/EBPβ activation in cardiomyocytes via PI3K/Akt and ERK1/2. Importantly, ISO-induced hypertrophy in vitro was dependent on IL-18 induction as it was blunted by IL-18 neutralizing antibodies and forced expression of IL-18BP. Moreover, ISO-induced hypertrophy was markedly attenuated in IL-18 null and IL-18BP transgenic mice. These data support the novel concept that β-AR activation, in addition to inducing cardiomyocyte hypertrophy via IL-18, concomitantly induces a countering effect by stimulating IL-18BP expression, and that ISO-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy may result from a net effect of IL-18 and IL-18BP induction. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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