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Rhee J.W.,Center for Medical Science Research | Park J.-B.,Hallym University | Choi I.-G.,Hallym University | Kim Y.-E.,Chungbuk National University | And 2 more authors.
BMB Reports | Year: 2010

Thermal burn injury induces inflammatory cell infiltrates in the dermis and thickening of the epidermis. Following a burn injury, various mediators, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), are produced in macrophages and neutrophils, exposing all tissues to oxidative injury. The anti-oxidant activities of flavonoids have been widely exploited to scavenge ROS. In this study, we observed that several flavonoids-kaempferol, quercetin, fisetin, and chrysin-inhibit LPS-induced IL-8 promoter activation in RAW 264.7 cells. In contrast with quercetin and fisetin, pretreatment of kaempferol and chrysin did not decrease cell viability. Inflammatory cell infiltrates in the dermis and thickening of the epidermis induced by burn injuries in mice was relieved by kaempferol treatment. However, the injury was worsened by fisetin, quercetin, and chrysin. Expression of TNF-a induced by burn injuries was decreased by kaempferol. These findings suggest the potential use of kaempferol as a therapeutic in thermal burn-induced skin injuries.

Kwon S.,Center for Medical Science Research | Choi K.-C.,Hallym University | Kim Y.-E.,Chungbuk National University | Ha Y.-W.,Chungbuk National University | And 7 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2014

The cell surface transmembrane receptor TM4SF5 has been implicated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but its candidacy as a therapeutic target has not been evaluated. Building on findings that immunization with a peptide vaccine targeting human TM4SF5 can exert prophylactic and therapeutic effects in a murine model of HCC, we developed a monoclonal antibody to characterize expression of TM4SF5 in HCC and to target its function there as an anticancer strategy. We found that the antibody modulated cell signaling in HCC cells in vitro, reducing cell motility, modulating E-cadherin expression, altering p27kip1 localization, and increasing RhoA activity. Using a mouse xenograft model of human HCC, we documented the in vivo efficacy of the antibody, which suppressed tumor growth in either tumor prevention or treatment designs. Our work offers a preclinical proof of concept for TM4SF5 as a promising target for antibody therapeutics to treat HCC. ©2014 AACR.

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