Yoshida A.,National Cancer Center Hospital |
Yoshida A.,University of Tokyo |
Ushiku T.,University of Tokyo |
Motoi T.,Teikyo University |
And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology | Year: 2010
Mature bone formation in well-differentiated liposarcoma and dedifferentiated liposarcoma has been described as a reactive or "metaplastic" change in most reports, and its neoplastic nature has not been widely appreciated. We herein describe 9 cases of well-differentiated/ dedifferentiated liposarcoma with distinct areas of fibroosseous tissue histologically indistinguishable from low-grade osteosarcomas, that is, parosteal osteosarcoma or low-grade central osteosarcoma. The tumors affected middle-aged to elderly patients, and occurred in the retroperitoneum and deep soft tissue of the extremities without connection to the skeletal system. Grossly, all the tumors showed biphasic appearance with lipogenic and osteogenic area, the latter representing 5% to 50% of the total tumor volume. Histologically, the lipogenic component exhibited typical histology of well-differentiated liposarcoma, whereas the osteogenic area consisted of fibroosseous tissue with numerous mature neoplastic bone trabeculae largely lacking osteoblastic rimming, with intervening fascicles of spindle cell proliferation showing low nuclear grade. All samples were positive for MDM2 and/or CDK4 on immunohistochemical analysis; the antibodies stained many osteocytes, indicating that the bone is neoplastic rather than reactive. Three cases showed high-grade osteosarcomatous transformation juxtaposed to the low-grade osteosarcomatous component, reminiscent of the " dedifferentiation" phenomenon of skeletal low-grade osteosarcoma. Follow-up revealed local recurrence in 4 cases, but no distant metastases were documented. Recognition of this earlier underappreciated subtype of well-differentiated/dedifferentiated liposarcoma is important, because the fibroosseous component may seem so bland that it may be confused with benign metaplasia such as myositis ossificans, or conversely, the lipomatous component may be inconspicuous that it may be dismissed as normal fat, and such misinterpretation may potentially result in suboptimal treatment. © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source
Edenberg H.J.,Indiana University |
Edenberg H.J.,Center for Medical Genomics |
Koller D.L.,Medical and Molecular Genetics |
Xuei X.,Indiana University |
And 21 more authors.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research | Year: 2010
Background: Alcohol dependence is a complex disease, and although linkage and candidate gene studies have identified several genes associated with the risk for alcoholism, these explain only a portion of the risk. Methods: We carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on a case-control sample drawn from the families in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. The cases all met diagnostic criteria for alcohol dependence according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition; controls all consumed alcohol but were not dependent on alcohol or illicit drugs. To prioritize among the strongest candidates, we genotyped most of the top 199 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (p ≤ 2.1 × 10-4) in a sample of alcohol-dependent families and performed pedigree-based association analysis. We also examined whether the genes harboring the top SNPs were expressed in human brain or were differentially expressed in the presence of ethanol in lymphoblastoid cells. Results: Although no single SNP met genome-wide criteria for significance, there were several clusters of SNPs that provided mutual support. Combining evidence from the case-control study, the follow-up in families, and gene expression provided strongest support for the association of a cluster of genes on chromosome 11 (SLC22A18, PHLDA2, NAP1L4, SNORA54, CARS, and OSBPL5) with alcohol dependence. Several SNPs nominated as candidates in earlier GWAS studies replicated in ours, including CPE, DNASE2B, SLC10A2, ARL6IP5, ID4, GATA4, SYNE1, and ADCY3. Conclusions: We have identified several promising associations that warrant further examination in independent samples. Copyright © 2010 by the Research Society on Alcoholism. Source
Szopa M.,Jagiellonian University |
Szopa M.,University Hospital |
Ludwig-Galezowska A.H.,Jagiellonian University |
Ludwig-Galezowska A.H.,Center for Medical Genomics |
And 11 more authors.
European Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2016
Until now only a few families with early onset autosomal diabetes due to the NEUROD1 gene mutations have been identified. Moreover, only some of them meet strict MODY (maturity-onset diabetes of the young) criteria. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) provides an opportunity to detect more pathogenic mutations in this gene.Here, we evaluated the segregation of the Arg103Pro mutation in the NEUROD1 gene in a pedigree in which it was detected, and described the clinical characteristics of the mutation carriers. Methods: We included 156 diabetic probands of MODY families, among them 52 patients earlier tested for GCK-MODY and/or HNF1A-MODY by Sanger sequencing with negative results. Genetic testing was performed by targeted NGS sequencing using a panel of 28 monogenic diabetes genes. Results: As detected by NGS, one patient had the missense Arg103Pro (CGC/CCC) mutation in the gene NEUROD1 changing the amino-acid structure of the DNA binding domain of this transcription factor. We confirmed this sequence difference by Sanger sequencing. This family had previously been tested with negative results for HNF1A gene mutations. 17 additional members of this family were invited for further testing. We confirmed the presence of the mutation in 11 subjects. Seven adult mutation carriers (all but one) from three generations had been already diagnosed with diabetes. There were 3 individuals with the Arg103Pro mutation diagnosed before the age of 30 years in the family. The range of age of the four unaffected mutation carriers (minors and 1 adult) was 3-48 years. Interestingly, one mutation carrier had a history of transient neonatal hypoglycemia, of which the clinical course resembled episodes typical for HNF4A-MODY. Conclusions: We report a family with autosomal dominant diabetes related to a new NEUROD1 mutation, one of very few meeting MODY criteria. The use of the NGS method will facilitate identification of more families with rare forms of MODY. © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source