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Coleman M.,Center for Lymphoma and Myeloma | Lammers P.E.,Meharry Medical College | Ciceri F.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute | Jacobs I.A.,Pfizer
Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia | Year: 2016

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), an aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), is the most-common subtype of NHL. DLBCL can be classified into at least 3 major immunologically distinct types, which contributes to considerable variation in disease prognosis and response to treatment. DLBCL potentially is curable, even when diagnosed at advanced stages. The current standard of care for most patients with untreated or relapsed/refractory DLBCL is chemoimmunotherapy containing rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody. With advanced understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of DLBCL and specific signaling pathways that are activated in different subtypes, potential new therapeutic targets have been identified, some of which are at the late stages of clinical development. This review summarizes the critical role of rituximab in the current standard of care treatment for DLBCL and discusses why rituximab is likely to remain an important component of treatment options for DLBCL in the foreseeable future. In addition, current and emerging therapeutic agents, including potential benefits of rituximab biosimilars, for patients with DLBCL are discussed. The advent of rituximab biosimilars may facilitate accessibility of rituximab-based chemotherapies to patients with DLBCL and has potential cost-saving benefits for healthcare systems globally. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Song K.,Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation | Herzog B.H.,Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation | Sheng M.,Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation | Sheng M.,Jilin University | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Lymphomas originate in and spread primarily along the lymphatic system. However, whether lymphatic vessels contribute to the growth and spreading of lymphomas is largely unclear. Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) represents an aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We found that MCL exhibited abundant intratumor lymphatic vessels. Our results demonstrated that the immunomodulatory drug lenalidomide potently inhibited the growth and dissemination of MCL in a xenograft MCL mouse model, at least in part, by inhibiting functional tumor lymphangiogenesis. Significant numbers of tumor-associated macrophages expressing vascular endothelial growth factor-C were found in both human MCL and mouse MCL xenograft samples. Lenalidomide treatment resulted in a significant reduction in the number of MCL-associated macrophages. In addition, in vivo depletion of monocytes/macrophages impaired functional tumor lymphangiogenesis and inhibited MCL growth and dissemination. Taken together, our results indicate that tumor lymphangiogenesis contributes to the progression of MCL and that lenalidomide is effective in decreasing MCL growth and metastasis most likely by inhibiting recruitment of MCL-associated macrophages. © 2013 American Association for Cancer Research.

Berenson J.R.,Institute for Myeloma and Bone Cancer Research | Anderson K.C.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Audell R.A.,Cedars Sinai Medical Center | Boccia R.V.,Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders | And 16 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2010

On February 25, 2009, a panel of international experts on plasma cell dyscrasia and skeletal disease met to discuss monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). This non-malignant B-cell disorder is the most common plasma cell dyscrasia and is associated with an increased risk of developing serious B-cell disorders. Individuals with MGUS also have an increased risk of osteoporosis and osteopenia associated with an increased likelihood of developing fractures especially in the vertebral column, peripheral neuropathy and thromboembolic events. The goal of the meeting was to develop a consensus statement regarding the appropriate tests to screen, evaluate and follow-up patients with MGUS. The panel also addressed the identification and treatment of MGUS-related skeletal problems, thromboembolic events and neurological complications. The following consensus statement outlines the conclusions and marks the first time that a consensus statement for the screening and treatment of MGUS has been clearly stated. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Gallamini A.,Center Antoine Lacassagne | Barrington S.F.,Kings College London | Biggi A.,center | Chauvie S.,Medical Physics Unit | And 20 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2014

A retrospective, international, multicenter study was undertaken to assess: (i) the prognostic role of 'interim' positron emission tomography performed during treatment with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma; and (ii) the reproducibility of the Deauville five-point scale for the interpretation of interim positron emission tomography scan. Two hundred and sixty patients with newly diagnosed Hodgkin lymphoma were enrolled. Fifty-three patients with early unfavorable and 207 with advanced-stage disease were treated with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine ± involved-field or consolidation radiotherapy. Positron emission tomography scan was performed at baseline and after two cycles of chemotherapy. Treatment was not changed according to the results of the interim scan. An international panel of six expert reviewers independently reported the scans using the Deauville five-point scale, blinded to treatment outcome. Forty-five scans were scored as positive (17.3%) and 215 (82.7%) as negative. After a median follow up of 37.0 (2-110) months, 252 patients are alive and eight have died. The 3-year progression-free survival rate was 83% for the whole study population, 28% for patients with interim positive scans and 95% for patients with interim negative scans (P<0.0001). The sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive values of interim positron emission tomography scans for predicting treatment outcome were 0.73, 0.94, 0.94 and 0.73, respectively. Binary concordance amongst reviewers was good (Cohen's kappa 0.69-0.84). In conclusion, the prognostic role and validity of the Deauville five-point scale for interpretation of interim positron emission tomography scans have been confirmed by the present study. © 2014 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Elstrom R.L.,Center for Lymphoma and Myeloma | Andemariam B.,Center for Lymphoma and Myeloma | Andemariam B.,University of Connecticut Health Center | Martin P.,Center for Lymphoma and Myeloma | And 5 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2012

Patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma may experience extended survival with second-line chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Since a major determinant of outcome after ASCT is responsiveness to second-line therapy, the development of more effective second-line treatments is desirable. We investigated the addition of bortezomib to rituximab, dexamethasone, ifosfamide, cisplatin and etoposide (VIPER). Fifteen patients were enrolled, of whom seven were refractory to first-line chemotherapy and only three had maintained first response for 1 year. Nine (60%) patients achieved objective responses, of which three (20%) were IWC-PET (International Workshop Criteria positron emission tomography) complete responses. Median progression-free survival was 3 months, and median overall survival was 10 months. At a median follow-up of 26 months, five patients (33%) remained alive. Treatment was well tolerated with no unexpected toxicity. Although response rates did not meet predefined criteria, activity was at least comparable to other second-line approaches despite a poor-prognosis patient population. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.

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