Center for Lymphoid Cancer

Vancouver, Canada

Center for Lymphoid Cancer

Vancouver, Canada
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Wong K.K.,University of Oxford | Gascoyne D.M.,University of Oxford | Gascoyne D.M.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Brown P.J.,University of Oxford | And 15 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2014

We previously identified autoantibodies to the endocytic-associated protein Huntingtin-interacting protein 1-related (HIP1R) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. HIP1R regulates internalization of cell surface receptors via endocytosis, a process relevant to many therapeutic strategies including CD20 targeting with rituximab. In this study, we characterized HIP1R expression patterns, investigated a mechanism of transcriptional regulation and its clinical relevance in DLBCL patients treated with immunochemotherapy (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone, R-CHOP). HIP1R was preferentially expressed in germinal center B-cell-like DLBCL (P<0.0001) and inversely correlated with the activated B-cell-like DLBCL (ABC-DLBCL) associated transcription factor, Forkhead box P1 (FOXP1). HIP1R was confirmed as a direct FOXP1 target gene in ABC-DLBCL by FOXP1-targeted silencing and chromatin immunoprecipitation. Lower HIP1R protein expression (≤10% tumoral positivity) significantly correlated with inferior overall survival (OS, P=0.0003) and progression-free survival (PFS, P=0.0148) in R-CHOP-treated DLBCL patients (n=157). Reciprocal expression with ≥70% FOXP1 positivity defined FOXP1 hi/HIP1R lo patients with particularly poor outcome (OS, P=0.0001; PFS, P=0.0016). In an independent R-CHOP-treated DLBCL (n=233) microarray data set, patients with transcript expression in lower quartile HIP1R and FOXP1 hi/HIP1R lo subgroups exhibited worse OS, P=0.0044 and P=0.0004, respectively. HIP1R repression by FOXP1 is strongly associated with poor outcome, thus further understanding of FOXP1-HIP1R and/or endocytic signaling pathways might give rise to novel therapeutic options for DLBCL. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

Seymour J.F.,Peter MacCallum Cancer Center | Seymour J.F.,University of Melbourne | Pfreundschuh M.,Saarland University | Trneny M.,Charles University | And 5 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2014

Vascular endothelial growth factor is involved in lymphoma growth, suggesting a potential role for anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapies in hematologic malignancies. In this phase III study, patients with CD20-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were randomized to rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone plus either placebo (R-CHOP) or bevacizumab (RA-CHOP). Treatment was administered every 21 (8 cycles) or 14 days (6 cycles plus 2 rituximab cycles) as per institutional practice. An early analysis of risk/benefit by the Data and Safety Monitoring Board showed that RA-CHOP increased cardiotoxicity without prolonging progression-free survival compared with R-CHOP, and the trial was stopped early. The study protocol was amended to allow for 12 additional months of follow up to evaluate safety. With 787 patients enrolled, median follow up was 23.7 and 23.6 months for R-CHOP and RA-CHOP, respectively. Median progression-free survival for R-CHOP and RA CHOP was 42.9 and 40.2 months, respectively (hazard ratio=1.09; P=0.49). The proportion of deaths was identical for R-CHOP (83 of 387, 21%) and RA-CHOP (82 of 390, 21%). Relative to R-CHOP, RA-CHOP had a higher rate of left ventricular ejection fraction perturbation (18% vs. 8%; odds ratio=2.51; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.60-3.93) and congestive heart failure (16% vs. 7%; odds ratio=2.79; 95%CI: 1.72-4.54). Bevacizumab added to R-CHOP increased cardiac events, without increasing efficacy, arguing against further evaluation of RA-CHOP in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The MAIN study is registered at identifier:00486759. © 2014 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Sehn L.H.,Center for Lymphoid Cancer | Sehn L.H.,University of British Columbia | Sehn L.H.,LabPlus and the Auckland City Hospital | Scott D.W.,Center for Lymphoid Cancer | And 20 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2011

Purpose In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), prior studies suggest that concordant bone marrow involvement with DLBCL portends a poorer prognosis, whereas discordant bone marrow involvement with small B-cell lymphoma does not. We examined the significance of bone marrow involvement in patients treated in the current era of therapy including rituximab. Patients and Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of the prognostic impact of bone marrow involvement in an unselected population of patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone in British Columbia and Auckland, New Zealand, with complete clinical information and evaluable staging bone marrow biopsies. Results In total, 795 patients were identified. Six hundred seventy (84.3%) of 795 had a negative bone marrow, 67 patients (8.4%) had concordant and 58 (7.3%) had discordant involvement. Median follow-up was 41 months (range, 1 to 115). Progression-free survival (PFS) was inferior in those with concordant (P < .001) and discordant (P = .019) involvement while overall survival (OS) was inferior in those with concordant involvement (P < .001) only. In a multivariate analysis controlling for the International Prognostic Index (IPI) score, concordant involvement remained an independent predictor of PFS (P < .001) and OS (P = .007). Discordant involvement was associated with older age, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, advanced stage, and increased number of extranodal sites and was not a negative prognostic factor independent of the IPI score. Conclusion The negative prognostic impact of discordant involvement is adequately represented by the IPI score, while the risk with concordant involvement is greater than that encompassed by this predictor. The results emphasize the need for accurate staging assessment of bone marrow involvement in DLBCL. © 2011 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Bjordahl R.L.,Sanford Burnham Institute for Medical Research | Steidl C.,University of British Columbia | Steidl C.,Center for Lymphoid Cancer | Gascoyne R.D.,University of British Columbia | And 2 more authors.
Current Opinion in Immunology | Year: 2013

Accumulating evidence indicates that Lymphotoxin (LT)-β related cytokines directly contribute to the phenotype of cancer cells and alter the tumor microenvironment. Lymphotoxins are part of a cytokine network well known in controlling the development and homeostasis of secondary lymphoid organs. In the adult, the LT network takes on the responsibility of generating inflammatory microenvironments that control innate and adaptive immune responses involved in host defense. This review provides a perspective of the emerging evidence implicating the LT Network in the development and progression of various cancers including lymphoma. Redirecting the LT Network to alter tumor microenvironments may provide a specific approach to therapeutically target tumor-permissive microenvironments and cancer progression. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Sehn L.H.,Center for Lymphoid Cancer | Gascoyne R.D.,Center for Lymphoid Cancer
Blood | Year: 2015

Although the majority of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) can be cured with standard rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP), patients who fail R-CHOP have a dismal outcome. Thus, optimization of front-line therapy, as well as the development of more effective salvage strategies, remains an important objective. Advances in molecular genetics have vastly improved our understanding of the biological diversity of DLBCL and have led to the discovery of key oncogenic pathways. In addition to the major molecular designations of germinal center B-cell and activated B-cell subtypes, next-generation sequencing technologies have unveiled the remarkable complexity of DLBCL and identified unique molecular targets that may be differentially exploited for therapeutic benefit. These findings have translated into a growing list of promising novel agents. Moving forward, it is of paramount importance to recognize the heterogeneity of DLBCL and to investigate these targeted agents within patient populations who are most likely to benefit. It will be necessary to prioritize drugs that affect key driver pathways and to combine them rationally to optimize their benefit. Improved prognostication and the availability of predictive biomarkers will be crucial to allow for the possibility of individualized risk-adapted therapy. © 2015 by The American Society of Hematology.

PubMed | Center for Lymphoid Cancer
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cancer research | Year: 2010

Clinical correlative studies have linked 1p36 deletions with worse prognosis in follicular lymphoma (FL). In this study, we sought to identify the critical gene(s) in this region that is responsible for conferring inferior prognosis. BAC array technology applied to 141 FL specimens detected a minimum region of deletion (MRD) of 97 kb within 1p36.32 in 20% of these cases. Frequent single-nucleotide polymorphism-detected copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity was also found in this region. Analysis of promoter CpGs in the MRD did not reveal differential patterns of DNA methylation in samples that differed in 1p36 status. Exon sequencing of MRD genes identified somatic alterations in the TNFRSF14 gene in 3 of 11 selected cases with matching normal DNA. An expanded cohort consisting of 251 specimens identified 46 cases (18.3%) with nonsynonymous mutations affecting TNFRSF14. Overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were associated with the presence of TNFRSF14 mutation in patients whose overall treatment included rituximab. We further showed that inferior OS and DSS were most pronounced in patients whose lymphomas contained both TNFRSF14 mutations and 1p36 deletions after adjustment for the International Prognostic Index [hazard ratios of 3.65 (95% confidence interval, 1.35-9.878, P=0.011) and 3.19 (95% confidence interval, 1.06-9.57, P=0.039), respectively]. Our findings identify TNFRSF14 as a candidate gene associated with a subset of FL, based on frequent occurrence of acquired mutations and their correlation with inferior clinical outcomes.

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