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Goyang, South Korea

Choi D.H.,Hanyang University | Park S.J.,Center for Liver Cancer | Kim H.K.,Biomolecular Function Research Branch
Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International

Distinguishing ampullary carcinoma from pancreatic carcinoma is important because of their different prognoses. microRNAs are differentially expressed according to the tissue of origin. However, there is rare research on the differential diagnosis between the two types of cancers by microRNA in periampullary cancers. The present study was undertaken to compare microRNA profiles between ampullary and pancreatic carcinomas using microarrays. miR-215 was most significantly overexpressed in ampullary carcinomas; whereas the expressions of miR-134 and miR-214 were significantly lower in ampullary carcinomas than in pancreatic carcinomas. When these discriminatory microRNAs were applied to liver metastases, they were correctly predicted for the tissue of origin. Although this study is limited by small sample size, striking difference in microRNA expression and concordant expression of discriminating microRNAs in primary tumors and metastases suggest that these novel discriminatory microRNAs warrant future validation. © 2015, Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. All rights reserved. Source

Lee J.M.,Seoul National University | Park J.-W.,Center for Liver Cancer | Choi B.I.,Seoul National University
Digestive Diseases

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most commonly occurring cancer in Korea and typically has a poor prognosis with a 5-year survival rate of only 28.6%. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to achieve the earliest possible diagnosis of HCC and to recommend the most up-to-date optimal treatment strategy in order to increase the survival rate of patients who develop this disease. After the establishment of the Korean Liver Cancer Study Group (KLCSG) and the National Cancer Center (NCC), Korea jointly produced for the first time the Clinical Practice Guidelines for HCC in 2003, revised them in 2009, and published the newest revision of the guidelines in 2014, including changes in the diagnostic criteria of HCC and incorporating the most recent medical advances over the past 5 years. In this review, we will address the noninvasive diagnostic criteria and diagnostic algorithm of HCC included in the newly established KLCSG-NCC guidelines in 2014, and review the differences in the criteria for a diagnosis of HCC between the KLCSG-NCC guidelines and the most recent imaging guidelines endorsed by the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS), the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) system, the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) and the Japan Society of Hepatology (JSH). © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Kim H.Y.,Center for Liver Cancer | Park J.-W.,Center for Liver Cancer
Digestive Diseases

Since sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor targeting angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), demonstrated survival benefits in recent clinical trials, it has changed the treatment paradigm and become the standard first-line treatment for patients with advanced HCC. However, disease stabilization with sorafenib lasts a few months, possibly due to the development of resistance, and thus the survival advantage was modest, even in patients with preserved liver function. Furthermore, there is currently no biomarker for monitoring the response or resistance to sorafenib. Currently, various kinds of molecularly targeted agents have been developed and are being evaluated in clinical trials. There are several steps required to improve the outcome from sorafenib therapy. First, a reliable predictive and prognostic biomarker is urgently needed. Second, a compelling indication of sorafenib treatment for HCC needs more clinical studies and consensus. Third, the actual benefits of sorafenib to patients with advanced liver dysfunction should be clarified and a more effective strategy for targeted therapy needs to be developed, for example, using a combination of targeted agents acting on different pathways or different levels of a key pathway. Finally, sorafenib could be used with other treatment modalities, such as local ablation or transarterial chemoembolization, to synergize efficacy. Based on the successful introduction of sorafenib, future studies should focus on plans to further improve the outcome of HCC patients by overcoming resistance and maximizing the efficacy of molecularly targeted therapy. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Kim S.H.,Center for Liver Cancer | Kim Y.K.,Center for Liver Cancer
British Journal of Surgery

Background: Complication rates of living-donor right hepatectomy remain a matter of major concern. The aim of this study was to achieve near-zero morbidity for living-donor right hepatectomy in a single centre. Methods: All living donors who underwent right hepatectomy between January 2005 and September 2011 were enrolled in this retrospective study. During this interval, modifications in surgical technique and management included upper midline laparotomy, use of wound protectors, hanging manoeuvre during parenchymal transection using Glisson's approach, no intraoperative cholangiography, no intensive care unit stay after surgery, no central venous catheterization, and reduction in systemic heparin dose before graft removal. Donor characteristics, operative outcomes and complications graded according to Clavien's classification were recorded. Results: A total of 300 donors were enrolled and these were divided into three groups of 100 operated on in consecutive time periods. Groups were comparable with regard to donor characteristics. The overall complication rate was 16·0 per cent, with no deaths. From group 1 to group 3, the duration of operation (P < 0·001), length of hospital stay (P < 0·001), and rate of overall (P < 0·001) and grade IIIb (P = 0·019) complications decreased significantly. In the most recent group, the morbidity rate was 3·0 per cent without any major complications, reoperation or blood transfusions. All donors recovered completely. Conclusion: This study suggests that near-zero morbidity may be reached after right hepatectomy in carefully selected living donors by continuous refinement of surgical technique and management. Copyright © 2012 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Kim S.H.,Center for Liver Cancer | Kim Y.K.,Center for Liver Cancer

Objectives The optimal incision for liver resection in living donors or patients with small tumours should be revisited. This study introduces the upper midline incision (UMI) above the umbilicus for various liver resections using a conventional open-surgery technique. Methods A retrospective study based on a prospectively collected database of 308 liver resections performed by a single surgeon was conducted to evaluate the feasibility, safety and applicability of the UMI. Results From September 2006 to September 2010, this incision was used successfully in 308 consecutive liver resections in all patients with tumours measuring ≤ 5 cm and all living donors without any extension of the incision. The median length of the incision was 16.4 cm (range: 12-20 cm).The median operating time was 189 min (range: 54-305 min). The median postoperative hospital stay was 8 days (range: 6-17 days). One patient died in the postoperative period from heart failure. All other patients fully recovered and returned to their previous level of activity. Over a median follow-up of 31 months (range: 20-68 months), 25 complications (8.1%) developed. Seven wound infections (2.3%) occurred with no incisional hernia. Conclusions The UMI can be used safely and effectively in conventional open surgery in various liver resections and should therefore be given priority as the first-line technique in living liver donors and patients with tumours measuring ≤ 5 cm. © 2012 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association. Source

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