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Yin X.,Affiliated Bayi Childrens Hospital | Meng F.,Center for Liver Cirrhosis | Qu W.,Affiliated Bayi Childrens Hospital | Fan H.,Affiliated Bayi Childrens Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2013

Surfactant protein B (SP-B) deficiency has become increasingly recognized as a cause of severe prolonged respiratory distress. However, little has been reported with regard to the genetic variability of SP-B in Chinese infants with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). One case of a Chinese male infant with neonatal RDS was analyzed for clinical manifestation and genetic variability of SP-B. The clinical manifestations, including grunting, intercostal retractions, nasal flaring, cyanosis and tachypnea were discovered in the physical examination. The initial chest X-ray indicated hyperinflation, diffuse opacification and air bronchogram of the lungs. Pathological tests of lung tissue revealed RDS and SP-B deficiency. Atelectasis and pneumonedema were observed in the lobes of the lung. Molecular analysis of genomic DNA revealed a mutation of 121del2 in intron 4 of the SP-B gene. In conclusion, the variant in intron 4 of the SP-B gene was associated with neonatal RDS in a Chinese male infant.

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