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Santjohanser C.,Kinderwunsch Centrum Munich | Knieper C.,University of Heidelberg | Franz C.,University of Heidelberg | Hirv K.,Center for Human Genetics and Laboratory Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis | Year: 2013

In 1-5 % of patients during childbearing years recurrent miscarriages (RM) occur. There are established risk factors like anatomical, endocrine and hemostatic disorders as well as immunological changes in the maternal immune system. Nevertheless, further elucidation of the pathogenesis remains a matter of debate. In addition, there are no standardized immunological treatment strategies. Recent studies indicate possible effects of tumor necrosis factor α blocker and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) concerning live birth rate (LBR) in RM patients. Therefore, we performed a retrospective cohort study in patients undergoing assisted reproductive treatment (ART) with known RM analysing the possible benefits of G-CSF application. From January 2002 to December 2010, 127 patients (199 cylces) with RM (at least 2 early miscarriages) 49 (72 cycles) receiving G-CSF and 78 (127 cycles) controls receiving either no medication (subgroup 1) or Cortisone, intravenous immunoglobulins or low molecular weight heparin (subgroup 2) undergoing ART for in vitro fertilisation/intracytoplasmic sperm injection were analysed. G-CSF was administered weekly once (34 Mill) in 11 patients, 38 patients received 2 × 13 Mill G-CSF per week until the 12th week of gestation. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS for Windows (19.0), p < 0.05 significant. The mean age of the study population was 37.3 ± 4.4 years (mean ± standard deviation) and differed not significantly between patients and subgroups. However, the number of early miscarriages was significantly higher in the G-CSF group as compared to the subgroups (G-CSF 2.67 ± 1.27, subgroup 1 0.85 ± 0.91, subgroup 2 0.64 ± 0.74) and RM patients receiving G-CSF had significantly more often a late embryo transfer (day 5) (G-CSF 36.7 %, subgroup 1 12.1 %, subgroup 2 8.9 %). The LBR of patients and the subgroups differed significantly (G-CSF 32 %, subgroup 1 13 %, subgroup 2 14 %). Side effects were present in less than 10 % of patients, consisting of irritation at the injection side, slight leukocytosis, rise of the temperature (<38 C), mild bone pain and hyperemesis gravidarum. None of the newborn showed any kind of malformations. According to our data, G-CSF seems to be a safe and promising immunological treatment option for RM patients. However, with regard to the retrospective setting and the possible bias of a higher rate of late embryo transfers in the G-CSF group additional studies are needed to further strengthen our results. © 2013 L. Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Wroclaw, Poland. Source

Eggert M.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Muller S.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Heinrich U.,Center for Human Genetics and Laboratory Medicine | Mehraein Y.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich
European Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2016

In 2012 a small terminal deletion in the short arm of chromosome 10 in the region 10p15.3 was reported as a novel microdeletion syndrome. By now 21 patients, including a single familial case, have been reported. Characteristic findings comprise variable cognitive impairment or developmental delay, disorder of speech development, as well as various dysmorphic signs. We here report on a new patient, an eight year old girl, with a microdeletion syndrome 10p15.3. She is a foster child showing intellectual deficits, disorder of speech development, behavioral problems, congenital heart defect, and several dysmorphic signs. The same microdeletion was subsequently found in the six year old maternal half-sister, showing very similar developmental and cognitive issues, including major speech impairment. The mother has not obtained a school degree. She was described as being a dissocial person with severe alcohol abuse and showing minor cognitive disability. Thus inheritance of the microdeletion from a probably symptomatic mother can be assumed. The patients presented here add up to the as yet small number of reported cases of microdeletion 10p15.3 and thereby might help to establish a more comprehensive clinical spectrum of this rather newly discovered syndrome. © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. Source

Nguyen-Minh S.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Drossel K.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Horn D.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Rost I.,Center for Human Genetics and Laboratory Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2013

Chromosome 18 abnormalities rank among the most common autosomal anomalies with 18q being the most frequently affected. A deletion of 18q has been attributed to microcephaly, mental retardation, short stature, facial dysmorphism, myelination disorders, limb and genitourinary malformations and congenital aural atresia. On the other hand, duplications of 18q have been associated with the phenotype of Edwards syndrome. Critical chromosomal regions for both phenotypes are contentious. In this report, we describe the first case of an 11-year old male with a combined interstitial duplication 18q22.1, triplication 18q22.1q22.2 and terminal deletion 18q22.2q23 with phenotypic features of isolated 18q deletion syndrome and absence of phenotypic features characteristic of Edwards syndrome despite duplication of the suggested critical region. This report allows for reevaluation of proposed critical intervals for the phenotypes in deletion 18q syndrome and Edwards syndrome. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Duebgen S.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Kauke T.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Marschall C.,Center for Human Genetics and Laboratory Medicine | Giebl A.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology | Year: 2012

The diagnosis of thrombophilia caused by protein S deficiency remains difficult. From 2005 to 2010, we documented 135 patients with suspected hereditary protein S deficiency for whom mutational analysis of the PROS1 gene had been performed by direct double-stranded sequencing of the amplified 15 exons including splice sites. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification was performed on 12 of 15 exons in cases with no mutation found but a large deletion in the PROS1 gene was suspected. Mutations were identified in 49 patients, 9 by familial screening. Altogether, 17 new and 11 previously described mutations of PROS1 were identified among the 49 patients. After the exclusion of acquired protein S deficiency due to pregnancy or hormonal contraceptives, there remained only 1 case with protein S activity levels less than 40% that could not be explained by sequence variations or deletions in the examined regions of the PROS1 gene. After the exclusion of conditions associated with acquired protein S deficiency, persistently low protein S activity levels are highly indicative of a genetic alteration in PROS1. We observed a clear correlation between the laboratory phenotype and the type of mutation. © American Society for Clinical Pathology. Source

Toth B.,University of Heidelberg | Wurfel W.,Kinderwunsch Centrum Munich KCM | Germeyer A.,University of Heidelberg | Hirv K.,Center for Human Genetics and Laboratory Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Reproductive Immunology | Year: 2011

Recent developments in reproductive medicine address oocyte morphology, sperm analysis and embryo selection. However, in a subgroup of infertile couples, it is the embryo implantation process that is disrupted. Diagnostic tools to identify patients at risk of implantation failure are limited and therapeutic options are far away from being established. In this review we focus on selected possible causes and treatments of failed implantation. Reproductive surgery allows a proper first step diagnosis and therapy of recurrent implantation failure (RIF). Possible anatomical malformations and associated diseases with treatment options are mentioned. Diagnostic procedures in patients often focus on defining gene polymorphisms (like hereditary thrombophilia and p53) and determinants of endometrial receptivity including endometrial gene expression profiles. Although significant differences in gene expression have been identified, the study populations are quite small, some of the data conflicting and clinical significance has yet to be proven. Implantation requires a close interaction between the fetal trophoblast and the maternal endometrium with natural killer cells (NK cells) playing a main part at the feto-maternal interface during early pregnancy. Therefore this review also focuses on NK cell receptor expression and new immunmodulatory treatment options like G-CSF in RIF patients. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

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