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PubMed | Medical Research Center and, Center for Gene Diagnosis, University of Houston, Wuhan University and Shanghai University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical chemistry | Year: 2014

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is strongly associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. False-negative results are common in routine serological tests and quantitative real-time PCR because of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) variation and low HBV copy number. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR), a next generation digital PCR, is a novel, sensitive, and specific platform that can be used to improve HBV detection.A total of 131 HCC cases with different tumor stages and clinical features were initially classified with a serological test as HBsAg positive (n = 107) or negative (n = 24) for HBV infection. Next, DNA templates were prepared from the corresponding formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues to determine HBV copy number by ddPCR.HBV copy numbers, successfully determined for all clinical FFPE tissues (n = 131), ranged from 1.1 to 175.5 copies/L according to ddPCR. The copy numbers of HBV were positively correlated with tumor-nodes-metastasis (P = 0.008) and Barcelona-Clinic Liver Cancer (P = 0.045) classification. Moreover, serum cholinesterase correlated with hepatitis B viral load (P = 0.006).HBV infection is a key factor that influences tumorigenesis in HCC by regulating tumor occurrence and development. ddPCR improves the analytical sensitivity and specificity of measurements in nucleic acids at a single-molecule level and is suitable for HBV detection.


LIU Y.U.A.N.Y.U.A.N.,Center for Gene Diagnosis | LIU Y.U.A.N.Y.U.A.N.,Hubei University | QIAO C.H.E.N.,Hubei University | WEI T.A.N.W.E.I.,Hubei University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Genetics | Year: 2015

This study was designed to detect the expression, detergent resistance, subcellular localization, and channel and hemichannel functions of mutant Cx50 to understand the forming mechanism for inducing congenital cataract by a novel mutation p.S276F in connexin 50 (Cx50) reported previously by us. HeLa and human lens epithelial (HLE) cells were transfected with wild-type Cx50 and mutant Cx50 (S276F). We examined the functional characteristics of mutant Cx50 (S276F) in comparison with those of wild-type Cx50 using immunoblot, confocal fluorescence microscopy, dye transfer analysis and dye uptake assay. The mutant and wild-type Cx50 were expressed in equal levels and could efficiently localize to the plasma membrane without transportation and assembly problems. Scrape loading dye transfer was significantly evident in cells transfected with wild-type Cx50 compared to those in cells transfected with mutant Cx50 and cotransfected with wild-type and mutant Cx50. The dye uptake was found to be significantly lower in cells transfected with mutant Cx50 than in cells transfected with wild-type Cx50 and cells cotransfected with wild-type and mutant Cx50. The transfected HeLa and HLE cell lines showed similar performance in all the experiments. These results indicated that the mutant Cx50 (S276F) might inhibit the function of gap junction channel in a dominant negative manner, but inhibit the hemichannel function in a recessive negative manner. © 2015, Indian Academy of Sciences.

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