Georgiadis A.,Brunel University |
Georgiadis A.,University of Oxford |
Benny L.,University of Oxford |
Duc L.T.,Vietnam Academy of Social science |
And 3 more authors.
Social Science and Medicine | Year: 2017
Child chronic undernutrition, as measured by stunting, is prevalent in low- and middle-income countries and is among the major threats to child development. While stunting and its implications for cognitive development have been considered irreversible beyond early childhood there is a lack of consensus in the literature on this as there is some evidence of recovery from stunting and that this recovery may be associated with improvements in cognition. Less is known however, about the drivers of growth recovery and the aspects of recovery linked to cognitive development. In this paper we investigate the factors associated with growth recovery and faltering through age 12 years and the implications of the incidence, timing, and persistence of post-infancy recovery from stunting for cognitive development using longitudinal data from Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam. We find that the factors most systematically associated with accelerated growth both before and after early childhood and across countries include mother's height, household living standards and shocks, community wages, food prices, and garbage collection. Our results suggest that post-infancy recovery from stunting is more likely to be systematically associated with higher achievement scores across countries when it is persistent and that associations between growth trajectories and cognitive achievement in middle childhood do not persist through early adolescence across countries. Overall, our findings support that growth after early childhood is responsive to changes in the household and community environments and that growth promotion after early childhood may yield improvements in child cognitive development. © 2017 The Authors
Springate-Baginski O.,University of East Anglia |
Sarin M.,Independent Policy Analyst |
Reddy M.G.,Center for Economic and Social Studies
Small-scale Forestry | Year: 2013
A global 'forest tenure transition' is underway, with declining state tenure of previously appropriated forested landscapes and increasing citizen tenure. However, at the local level the process involves complex political-economic struggles with the incumbent power holders. This paper examines these struggles, taking the example of India's Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006 (or simply Forest Rights Act). Considering the implementation processes in the state of Andhra Pradesh, the extent to which rural people in forest areas have been able to access the provisions of the Act is assessed. Based on fieldwork from 2010, weaknesses are identified in the way legislated rights are being secured, and the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department staffs are found to obstruct the democratic mandate for reform. It is concluded that the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department is operating beyond the normal processes of democratic control and oversight in a bid to retain its hegemony. © 2012 Steve Harrison, John Herbohn.
Murali Prasad M.R.,Center for Economic and Social Studies
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2014
The main purpose of the study is to examine the information retrieval skills of social science scholars in Hyderabad, India. The data is collected through a questionnaire from 210 research scholars of social sciences to determine the preferred communication channels to search research information along with preferred search terms, concept understanding, key word searches, usage of Boolean operators for a given title, and identification of appropriate references. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014.
Rout S.K.,Center for Economic and Social Studies
Journal of Health Management | Year: 2010
Any health sector reform aims at improving the health status of the people by affecting the organisational structure, governance system and financing variables. The health system has to perform a number of functions in order to enable more people to avail health benefits. In this context this analyses health sector reforms, approaches and challenges faced in Orissa during the reform process. The reform effort has not made substantial improvement in rural health indicators as indicated by NFHS-III. Most of the organisational and institutional changes were introduced as a part of a donor support programme and this has not been integrated into the system. Thus the health system did not improve on a sustained basis in order to achieve health sector goals. As a part of public financing, the state has not allocated resources as per the policy stance. The fiscal crisis has also resulted in reducing share of state expenditure towards health. There was also a substantially low allocation for inputs and infrastructure which affected the service delivery in rural areas. So equity and efficiency have remained two concerns in future health sector development of the state.
Pillarisetti J.R.,Center for Economic and Social Studies
International Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2016
A skewed sex ratio exists in many developing countries. Skewed sex ratios are the result of interplay of genetic, economic, environmental and socio-historical processes. Many studies have examined the impact of skewed sex ratio at birth arising from a strong preference for sons in countries like China and India, and have suggested policies to deal with the resultant social disequilibrium. Recent scientific studies identify health concerns associated with new generations of boys and girls growing up in increasingly toxic environments, and the implications for adult sex ratios and social wellbeing. This paper highlights the issue of imbalance in the ‘latent’ adult sex ratio and raises the question of responses. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Mahendra Dev S.,Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices |
Chandrasekhara Rao N.,Center for Economic and Social Studies
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2010
Agricultural price policy has come under serious attack recently for recommending support prices higher than what the costs of production warrant, supposedly leading to a distortion of the market, and, therefore, to food deprivation. With an in-depth analysis of costs and returns in rice and wheat, which are the most state-protected crops and underlie the livelihoods of millions of farmers, this paper examines the effectiveness of agricultural price policy in enabling farmers to obtain sufficient profits to promote investment, technology and productivity and thereby to food security. The rising cost of production due to the overemphasis on getting input prices right is a major factor that has led to higher support prices. Another factor is the percolation of volatility in global prices through trade liberalisation. Because of this, wheat support prices had to be hiked steeply in recent years so that sufficient quantities are procured. This has distorted parity between the prices of rice and wheat.
Reddy V.R.,Livelihoods and Natural Resources Management Institute |
Jayakumar N.,Center for Economic and Social studies |
Venkataswamy M.,Center for Economic and Social studies |
Snehalatha M.,Center for Economic and Social studies |
Batchelor C.,Water Resources Management Ltd
Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development | Year: 2012
This paper illustrates the usefulness of the life-cycle costs approach (LCCA) framework and methodology in addressing slippage and sustainability issues in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) sector in the State of Andhra Pradesh (AP), India. Source sustainability, poor operation and maintenance and water quality are the main reasons for slippage in India. The paper examines the actual cost of provision in 43 villages spread over two agro-climatic zones by cost components that cause slippage and identifies the gaps in (public) investments and how these gaps are responsible for poor, inequitable and unsustainable service delivery. The analysis brings out clearly that government expenditure on WASH is almost exclusively capital expenditure on infrastructure while other important cost components like planning and designing, capital maintenance, source sustainability, water quality, etc., receive little or no allocation. The key message of the paper is that allocations to rural drinking water sector are low at the design and implementation stage but more ends up being spent due to ad hoc interventions and funding allocations for rural water are distorted. It is argued that adoption of LCCA would enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of budget allocations to the drinking water sector. © IWA Publishing 2012.