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Wang H.,Nanjing Medical University | Wu M.,Center for Disease Control of Jiangsu Province | Zhu W.,Center for Disease Control of Suqian City | Shen J.,Center for Disease Control of Suqian City | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2010

Background: AC3 is one of adenylyl cyclase isoforms involved in cAMP and insulin signaling pathway. Recent reports have demonstrated that the AC3 genetic polymorphisms are associated with obesity in a Swedish population. AC3 knock out mice exhibit obese when they age. These findings suggest that AC3 plays an important role in the regulation of body weight. Methodology/Principal Findings: In the present study, we evaluated the association between the AC3 genetic polymorphisms and obesity in a Han Chinese population. A total of 2580 adults, including 1490 lean (BMI = 18.5-23.9), 677 overweight (BMI 24.0-27.9) and 413 obese (BMI ≥28.0) subjects were genotyped for 5 TagSNPs in the AC3 gene. Single maker association analyses indicated that SNP rs753529 was significantly associated with BMI in obese subjects (P = 0.022, OR = 0.775 95%CI = 0.623-0.963), but not in overweight subjects (P = 0.818). Multiple maker association analyses showed that the haplotype (G-G-G) constructed with SNPs rs1127568, rs7604576 and rs753529 was significantly associated with obesity (P = 0.029). Further genotyping of SNP rs753529 in 816 children, including 361 overweight subjects (BMI>P80) and 455 controls (BMI = P20-50) were performed, and no significant association with BMI was found. All tests were adjusted for age, sex, physical activity index, household income and/or diet expenses. Conclusions: The present study provides replication evidence that the AC3 genetic polymorphisms are associated with decreased risk of obesity among adults but not in children in a Chinese Han population. The data also suggest that the AC3 genetic effects on BMI may have interaction with the factors related to ageing and environment. © 2010 Wang et al. Source

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