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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO-2007-1.2 | Award Amount: 4.94M | Year: 2008

The present Coordination Action aims at developing the objectives of the INCO-Net MPC action as described in the Call for proposals, to further enhance regional S&T dialogue in the Mediterranean Region and the complementarities with activities carried out by other European Policy instruments, notably the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM). These objectives are focused on creating a dialogue platform using the state of the art of the ICT technologies, which will enable the discussion between relevant stakeholders from both sides of the Mediterranean to improve the S&T cooperation by, among other means, connecting and facilitating the interaction between the dispersed S&T cooperation initiatives already existing supported by the Member States, the European Commission and other political bodies; addressing training activities to improve the quality of the participation and management of the partners of FP7 from the MPC; creating discussion platforms and organizing meetings to monitor and discuss the content of the Thematic priorities of FP7 in term of the common interest of the EU and MPC; creating an Observatory of the EU-MPC S&T cooperation, which will agree indicators for the monitoring of RTD cooperation activities; and creating networks of research institutions and technological transfer services from both sides of the Mediterranean, to support strategic collaboration and provide a reference element for the development of the Euro-Mediterranean Innovation Space. All these activities are aimed at providing a strong institutional basis for the EU-MPC S&T cooperation. Furthermore, the mentioned objectives will be complemented with other activities, notably the development toward the common appropriation of the results of MIRA to activities on Innovation, and profiting the identification of common scientific priorities that could be used as clustering glue (Research Driven Clusters) around Projects already approved by the UfM, where business development can be foreseen using the Research potential in both sides of the Mediterranean. Supporting the activities of the UfM Programs that need the identification and development of a Research agenda in support of its objectives, notably the Program Horizon 2020 and the strengthening of the industrial cooperation through the creation of the Euro-Mediterranean Innovation Space is as well scheduled. All these activities are aimed at providing a strong institutional basis for the UfM cooperation in RTD.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2010-2.1 | Award Amount: 570.40K | Year: 2010

This project aim is to strengthen the bilateral dialogue between Algeria and the EU Member States, which is the explicit will of the FP7 BILAT calls. Furthermore EARN aims at providing information about the S&T systems both in Algeria and in Europe. EARN thus will enhance information collection and dissemination as regards Science, Technology and Innovation cooperation between Algeria and the EU. It will facilitate the partner mediation, analyse the existing legal and organisational framework, identify room for improvements of cooperation instruments, demonstrate best practices for ST&I cooperation, and offers support and guidance to the on-going EU-Algerian policy dialogue in ST&I. Against the consortiums experiences gained from other Bilat projects, we will have a clear focus on the potential and existing NCPs in Algeria.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE.2010.3.5-02 | Award Amount: 1.26M | Year: 2011

More than water scarcity, diseases and civil wars, Africa is also the least wealthy continent, in terms of economic and financial resources. These combined and tightly linked problems have led to a restricted range of choices, affordable for African countries, to deal particularly with the water issue, as a major topic. Polluted water treatment before use has been their almost unique solution to deal with a growing water scarcity. The treatment of water and elimination of pollutants, mainly pathogenic organisms, xenobiotics and heavy metals, although itself presents significant challenges, is crucial for human health and environmental considerations. However, most regions in developing countries cannot afford the costs of advanced and specialized systems. Numerous water cleaning methods are based in natural, plants or micro-organisms, biochemical processes. Biotechnology is a useful tool that is delivering improved products and process for environmental sustainability, and promises a range of benefits to manage the industrial WW economically and effectively around the world. Some biotechnological techniques are quite sophisticated but others are simple, cost effective and adapted to local conditions and resources of developing countries. These natural biological treatment systems include lagooning, land treatment, phytodepuration, or constructed wetlands systems. They can be applied as secondary or tertiary purification treatment, allowing the removal of pathogenic microorganisms and the degradation of the organic pollutants, so that waste water can be recycled for irrigation and domestic use and hence reduce the pressure on the hydric resources. Other biotechnological techniques to be taken into account within this proposal are biofiltration, membrane bioreactors and algae and other aquatic crops application for wastewater purification.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: ENERGY.2013.2.9.1 | Award Amount: 7.48M | Year: 2013

REELCOOP stands for REnewable ELectricity COOPeration, and will address 5 areas: photovoltaics (PV), concentrated solar power (CSP), solar thermal (ST), bioenergy and grid integration. REELCOOP will develop decentralised (distributed) building integrated PV systems and ST/biomass micro-cogeneration systems, as well as centralised generation of electricity in hybrid solar/biomass power plants. This is in accordance with the EU SET-Plan approach of developing a European electricity grid able to integrate renewable and decentralised energy sources. The overall aim of REELCOOP will be to significantly enhance research cooperation and knowledge creation on renewable electricity generation, involving Mediterranean partner countries (MPC), while at the same time developing and testing new renewable electricity generation systems. The proposed systems will be developed in European organisations with collaboration of MPC partners, and tested under real-life operating conditions in the MENA region, thus establishing a cooperation network amongst partner countries. Three novel prototype systems will be developed and tested, being representative of both micro (distributed) and large (centralised) scale approaches to electricity generation: prototypes 1 and 2 are representative of typical micro-generation systems, while prototype 3 is representative of a large scale power plant on a reduced scale. The development of the 3 prototypes will also contribute to bring to the market energy efficient, renewable electricity generation systems. The environmental sustainability and economics of the prototype systems will be assessed, and the results obtained will be disseminated to industry and research, as proof-of-concept of renewable electricity generation solutions. Grid integration will also be assessed. The prototype systems will have a great potential for exploitation/commercialization. The commercialisation of the systems will bring economic and environmental benefits to the EU.


Mellit A.,Jijel University | Kalogirou S.A.,Cyprus University of Technology | Drif M.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER)
Renewable Energy | Year: 2010

In this paper, an artificial neural network-based genetic algorithm (ANN-GA) model was developed for generating the sizing curve of stand-alone photovoltaic (SAPV) systems. Firstly, a numerical method is used for generating the sizing curves for different loss of load probability (LLP) corresponding to 40 sites located in Algeria. The inputs of ANN-GA are the geographical coordinates (Lat, Lon and Alt) and the LLP while the output is the sizing curve represented by CA=f(CS). Subsequently, the proposed ANN-GA model has been trained by using a set of 36 sites, whereas data for 4 sites which are not included in the training dataset have been used for testing the ANN-GA model. The results obtained are compared and tested with those of the numerical method. In addition, two new regression models have been developed and compared with the conventional regression models. The results show that, the proposed exponential regression model with three coefficients presents more accurate results than the conventional regression models. A new ANN has been used for predicting the sizing coefficients for the best regression model. These coefficients can be used for developing the sizing curve in different locations in Algeria. The results obtained showed that the coefficient of multiple determination (R2) is 0.9998, which can be considered as very promising. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Chellali F.,Z Energy | Chellali F.,Polytechnic School of Algiers | Khellaf A.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER) | Belouchrani A.,Polytechnic School of Algiers | Recioui A.,University of Boumerdès
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2011

In the following work, we propose an assessment of wind potential in Algeria. The purpose of this study is twofold. First, to draw the attention to the important wind potential in the region of Hassi-R'mel v̄6m/s. In the previous maps, the wind potential in this region has been underestimated due the fact that it is located between two less windy regions. Second, the actualization of the wind map of Algeria using very recent data stretching from February 2004 to December 2009. This paper is structured in three main parts. First, a stochastic and the cyclic study of the wind behaviors in the site of Hassi-R'mel are proposed. The stochastic study is carried out by fitting the wind speed data to Weibull distribution while the cyclic study is carried out via the use of time-frequency analysis. We have used the time-frequency analyses instead of the traditional Fourier analysis due its ability to follow the spectrum variation with respect to time. As results, it has been found that spectrum wind process enfold many limited interval oscillations. In the second part, we propose to contribute to the actualisation of the wind map in Algeria. In this part, we have considered also the topographical aspect of Algeria. Such consideration is very helpful for understanding the wind potential reparation over the country. Finally, a techno-economical study of a stand along hybrid system (wind/diesel) in the site of Hassi-R'mel is considered. Via this study, it has been found that been found that the site of Hassi-R'mel is very adequate for wind energy conversion systems. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Amrouche B.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER) | Guessoum A.,Blida University | Belhamel M.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER)
Applied Energy | Year: 2012

This paper proposes a simple behavioural model for photovoltaic modules. This model can be used to characterise current-voltage and power-voltage outputs of photovoltaic modules as a function of solar module temperature and solar radiation intensity. Such a model cannot only serve as a tool to study the I-V curve and its maximum power point characteristics but also to design photovoltaic power systems and power converters used for PV applications. It can also be used for performance rating. This model has first been developed to study the maximum power point characteristics by exploring the existing similarity between the photovoltaic module I-V characteristic and the step response of a first-order system. It has the advantage to use only parameters that are available on the data sheet. To construct the proposed model, measured I-V curves at different working conditions (solar radiation intensity and ambient temperature) were used, then other I-V characteristics corresponding to different working conditions have been used to validate it. The obtained results show a high degree of correspondence between the real outdoor measured I-V characteristics and those given by the developed model. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Ould-Amrouche S.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER) | Rekioua D.,University of Abderrahmane Mira de Béjaïa | Hamidat A.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER)
Applied Energy | Year: 2010

In photovoltaic (PV) water pumping design, the accurate prediction of the water flow is a key step for optimized implementation and system robustness. This paper presents a model to characterize the motor-pumps subsystems used in PV pumping installations. The model expresses the water flow output (Q) directly as a function of the electrical power input (P) to the motor-pump, for different total heads. The actual model is developed using the experimental results obtained by the use of several motor-pump subsystems of different types and technologies. This work details the investigations concerning centrifugal and positive displacement motor-pump subsystems. The experimental tests are used to validate the developed model. Based on the motor-pump subsystem model, a method is proposed to estimate the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions saved by the use of water pumping facilities powered by a photovoltaic array instead of diesel fuelled generators. This work shows that the dissemination of PV water systems not only improves the living conditions in remote areas, but is also environment friendly. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Boutelhig A.,Applied Research Unit on Renewable Energies URAER | Bakelli Y.,Applied Research Unit on Renewable Energies URAER | Hadj Mahammed I.,Applied Research Unit on Renewable Energies URAER | Hadj Arab A.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER)
Energy | Year: 2012

The Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems (PVPS) constitute a potential option to drawdown water in the remote desert locations for domestic usage and livestock watering. However, the widespread of this technique requests an accurate information and experiences on such system sizing and installation. The aim of this work is to determine an optimum Photovoltaic (PV) array configuration, based upon Isofoton (110W/24V) PV modules, adequate to supply a DC Shurflo pump (120W, Im = 4A, Vm = 24V) with an optimum energy amount, under the outdoor conditions of Ghardaia site. Four different PVPS configurations have been put into tests, each system configuration consist of the Shurflo pump PV powered by one of the four different PV array configurations (2Px2S, 2Px1S, 1Px2S and 1 module). The tests have been carried out for different heads between 10 m and 40 m, under sunny daylight hours, at our PV pumping facilities. Through the comparison of the obtained results of different parameters as power, daily cumulative water and the overall efficiency of each PVPS configuration, it has been averred that the combination between the two PV array configurations (2PX1S) and (1PX2S) is suitable to provide the optimum energy. Powered by the selected PV array configuration, the mentioned pump is expected to deliver a maximum daily average volume of water. The recorded average quantity meets the demand of some farms in Djedid region, about 60 km south west of M'Zab valley. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Bouzidi B.,Center for Development of Renewable Energies (CDER)
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2011

The availability of water and the ability to access are the key questions arising in developing countries including Algeria. Indeed, due to lack of electricity, the Saharan regions representing 80% of the country are facing major problems to cover drinking water needs. Paradoxically, there is in some of these areas an important quantity of groundwater at shallow depths. On the other hand, Algeria has considerable renewable energy resources, particularly solar and wind energy options that are now relevant solutions to this problem. To date, few facilities specifically photovoltaic were conducted throughout the national territory (Saharan regions and highlands). However vandalism (destruction, robbery, etc.) did not spare these facilities particularly in border areas, such Adrar, and therefore prospective purchasers of such systems are discouraged. A new strategy to deal these actions became necessary for the regions most affected. In this context, we propose to study and compare the two options for solar and wind water pumping applications in the Adrar region. Because it has become necessary that the energy issue arises in new terms. It is proposed now to ask, taking into account the circumstances, which form of energy would be appropriate for what and for which ends. In other words, we will essentially develop a new spirit, a new attitude that would be based on a determination on a case by case basis, of the appropriate energy resource. This will allow to have another vision of the use and the viability of renewable energies. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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