Center for Clinical Molecular Medicine
Center for Clinical Molecular Medicine
Li M.,Chongqing Medical University |
Cai Y.,Chongqing Medical University |
Zhong M.,Chongqing Medical University |
Zou L.,Center for Clinical Molecular Medicine |
Gong C.,Chongqing Medical University
NeuroReport | Year: 2013
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common, X-linked genetic, skeletal muscle disease, with various regimens of treatment. The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of a novel treatment regimen for this disease. Thirty boys with DMD were administered prednisone according to the following regimen: in the first year, 1.5 mg/kg/day for the first 3 months, 1.0 mg/kg/day for the next 3 months, 0.75 mg/kg/day for the next 3 months, and 0.5 mg/kg/day for the last 3 months. In the second year, prednisone was administered 0.5 mg/kg on the alternate day for 12 months. The muscle strength (Medical Research Council sum score and Gower's sign), serum enzymes (creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoenzyme-2, and lactate dehydrogenase), pulmonary function (forced vital capacity, maximum voluntary ventilation), body weight, height, and BMI were determined before treatment and 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months after treatment. The results showed that the patients' mean Medical Research Council sum score increased from 46.1 at the baseline to 53.6 at 12 months and was maintained at 24 months. Gower's sign disappeared in 22 (73.3%) patients at 12 months and 21 (70.0%) at 24 months. The serum levels of creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoenzyme-2, and lactate dehydrogenase decreased and pulmonary function improved after 24 months of treatment. Significantly increased weight gain, osteoporosis, and cushingoid features were not observed. Our results suggested that this novel prednisone regimen for DMD has similar efficacy and safety as other regimens. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Gao X.,People's Care |
Gao X.,Fudan University |
Han L.,Fudan University |
Yuan L.,Center for Clinical Molecular Medicine |
And 8 more authors.
BMC Dermatology | Year: 2014
Background: Polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) are idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Genetic variability in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes plays an important role in the pathogenesis of PM and DM. However, few studies on the subject in Chinese populations have been reported thus far.Methods: We studied the influence of HLA polymorphisms on DM and PM susceptibility by analyzing HLA-DRB1, HLA-DQA1, and HLA-DQB1 alleles in 71 adult DM patients, 20 adult PM patients, and 113 controls in a Han Chinese population.Results: A positive association was found between HLA-DQA1*0104 and DM (p = 0.01; corrected p (pcorr) NS; odds ratio (OR) = 2.58; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.18-5.64), while an inverse correlation was noted between HLA-DQB1*0303 and myositis patients with interstitial lung inflammation (p = 0.01; pcorr NS; OR = 0.25; 95% CI: 0.07-0.73). A positive relationship was also observed between HLA-DRB1*07 and DM (p = 0.01; pcorr NS; OR = 2.26; 95% CI: 1.12-4.59), while HLA-DRB1*03 seems to be protective against DM (p = 0.01; pcorr NS; OR = 0.26; 95% CI: 0.06-0.81). The lung complication was closely associated with HLA-DRB1*04 (p = 0.01; pcorr NS; OR = 2.82; 95% CI: 1.15-6.76) and HLA-DRB1*12 (p = 0.02; pcorr NS; OR = 2.52; 95% CI: 1.02-6.07). The frequency of HLA-DRB1*07 was significantly higher among myositis patients with dysphagia than among controls (p = 0.01; pcorr NS; OR = 4.78; 95% CI: 1.03-24.42). The putative haplotype DRB1*07-DQA1*01-DQB1*02 was positively correlated with DM (p = 0.03; pcorr NS; OR = 2.90; 95% CI: 1.02-8.93) and the lung complication (p = 0.02; pcorr NS; OR = 3.45; 95% CI: 1.04-11.58).Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that HLA alleles may be involved in susceptibility to adult DM and PM in the Han Chinese population. © 2014 Gao et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Yang J.,Center for Clinical Molecular Medicine |
Yang Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Huang Y.,Center for Clinical Molecular Medicine |
Hu Y.,Chongqing Medical University |
And 5 more authors.
BMC Medical Genetics | Year: 2013
Background: The proximal chromosome 15q is prone to unequal crossover, leading to rearrangements. Although 15q11q13 duplications are common in patients with developmental delays and mental impairment, 15q aneusomies resulting in greater or equal to 4 copies of 15q11q13 are rare and no pentasomy 15q11q13 has been reported in the literature. Thus far, all reported high copy number 15q11q13 cases are from the West populations and no such study in Chinese patients have been documented. Dosage-response pattern of high copy number 15q11q13 on clinical presentations is still a subject for further study.Case Presentation: In this study, we characterized two Han Chinese patients with high copy number 15q11q13. Using chromosome banding, high resolution SNP-based cytogenomic array, Fluorescence in situ hybridization, and PCR-based microsatellite analysis, we identified two patients with tetrasomy 15q11q13 and pentasomy 15q11q13. Both 15q11q13 aneusomies resulted from a maternally inherited supernumerary marker chromosome 15, and each was composed of two different sized 15q11q13 segments covering the Prader-Willi/Angelman critical region: one being about 10 Mb with breakpoints at BP1 and BP5 regions on 15q11 and 15q13, respectively, and another about 8 Mb in size with breakpoints at BP1 and BP4 regions on 15q. Both patients presented with similar clinical features that included neurodevelopmental delays, mental impairment, speech and autistic behavior, and mild dysmorphism. The patient with pentasomy 15q11q13 was more severely affected than the patient with tetrasomy 15q11q13. Low birth weight was noted in patient with pentasomy 15q1q13.Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of pentasomy 15q11q13 and the first study of high copy number 15q11q13 in Han Chinese patients. Our findings demonstrate that patients with tetrasomy and pentasomy of chromosome 15q11q13 share similar spectrum of phenotypes reported in other high copy number 15q11q13 patients in the West, and positive correlation between 15q11q13 copy number and degree of severity of clinical phenotypes. Low birth weight observed in the pentasomy 15q11q13 patient was not reported in other patients with high copy number 15q11q13. Additional studies would be necessary to further characterize high copy number 15q11q13 aneusomies. © 2013 Yang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.