Center for Clinical Haematology

Birmingham, United Kingdom

Center for Clinical Haematology

Birmingham, United Kingdom
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Bento L.,Son Espases University Hospital | Boumendil A.,EBMT LWP Office | Finel H.,EBMT LWP Office | Le Gouill S.,Nantes University Hospital Center | And 30 more authors.
Bone Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2017

Relapse remains the most common cause of treatment failure in patients receiving autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for follicular lymphoma (FL). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding radioimmunotherapy or rituximab (R) to BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, ara-c, melphalan) high-dose therapy for ASCT in patients with relapsed FL. Using the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry, we conducted a cohort comparison of BEAM (n=1973), Zevalin-BEAM (Z-BEAM) (n=207) and R-BEAM (n=179) and also a matched-cohort analysis of BEAM vs Z-BEAM including 282 and 154 patients, respectively. BEAM, Z-BEAM and R-BEAM groups were well balanced for age, time from diagnosis to ASCT and disease status at ASCT. The cumulative incidences of relapse (IR) at 2 years were 34, 34 and 32% for Z-BEAM, R-BEAM and BEAM, respectively. By multivariate analysis, there were no significant differences with Z-BEAM or R-BEAM compared with BEAM for IR, non-relapse mortality, event-free survival or overall survival. With the caveat that the limitations of registry analyses have to be taken into account, this study does not support adding radioimmunotherapy or R to BEAM in ASCT for relapsed FL. However, we cannot rule out the existence a particular subset of patients who could benefit from Z-BEAM conditioning that cannot be identified in our series, and this should be tested in a randomized trial. © 2017 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.


Hill V.K.,University of Birmingham | Dunwell T.,University of Birmingham | Catchpoole D.,The Childrens Hospital at Westmead | Krex D.,TU Dresden | And 5 more authors.
Epigenetics | Year: 2011

The WW-domain containing protein KIBRA has recently been identified as a new member of the Salvador/Warts/Hippo (SWH) pathway in Drosophila and is shown to act as a tumor suppressor gene in Drosophila. This pathway is conserved in humans and members of the pathway have been shown to act as tumor suppressor genes in mammalian systems. We determined the methylation status of the 5' CpG island associated with the KIBRA gene in human cancers. In a large panel of cancer cell lines representing common epithelial cancers KIBRA was unmethylated. But in pediatric acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) cell lines KIBRA showed frequent hypermethylation and silencing of gene expression, which could be reversed by treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine. In ALL patient samples KIBRA was methylated in 70% B-ALL but was methylated in <20% T-ALL leukemia (p = 0.0019). In B-ALL KIBRA methylation was associated with ETV6/RUNX1 [t(12;21) (p13;q22)] chromosomal translocation (p = 0.0082) phenotype, suggesting that KIBRA may play an important role in t(12;21) leukemogenesis. In ALL paired samples at diagnosis and remission KIBRA methylation was seen in diagnostic but not in any of the remission samples accompanied by loss of KIBRA expression in disease state compared to patients in remission. Hence KIBRA methylation occurs frequently in B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia but not in epithelial cancers and is linked to specific genetic event in B-ALL. © 2011 Landes Bioscience.

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