Nelson H.T.,Claremont Graduate University |
Rose A.,University of Southern California |
Wei D.,University of Southern California |
Peterson T.,Center for Climate Strategies |
Wennberg J.,Center for Climate Strategies
Journal of Public Policy | Year: 2015
This paper develops a framework for analysing intergovernmental relationships around greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation policies along a cooperation-conflict spectrum that affects the probability of their enactment. Cooperative policies, such as federal fiscal transfers to sub-national governments, facilitate enactment. Coordination policies, including enabling and funding mechanisms, promote interdependence between jurisdictions. Competitive policies, such as federal performance standards and price mechanisms, increase political conflict over authority. We categorise 23 policies developed by over 1,500 state stakeholders into the cooperation/coordination/conflict taxonomy. If scaled to the national level, these policies could reduce GHG emissions by over 3 billion tonnes by 2020 and generate nearly 2.2 million jobs (1.19 per cent above baseline projections). Nearly two-thirds of the job gains are from coordinated and cooperative policy options that are unlikely to occur under the status quo policy process. We recommend a national climate action planning process to reduce GHG emissions while increasing aggregate economic efficiency. Copyright © Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Yu Q.,Global Environmental Institute |
Roe S.M.,Center for Climate Strategies |
Xu S.,Global Environmental Institute |
Williamson S.,Center for Climate Strategies |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy | Year: 2015
In May 2011, the China-based Global Environmental Institute and the US-based Center for Climate Strategies successfully joined the China-U.S. EcoPartnership program. The cooperation aims to adapt a methodology and tools used for making U.S. state climate action plans to China's subnational and municipal contexts, in order to help subnational governments achieve carbon emission targets by making scientific and effective climate and energy policies. To achieve this objective, a China subnational low carbon planning toolkit including a systematic process of selection, design and analysis of climate and energy policies was developed and successfully demonstrated in Chongqing Municipality. Through technical exchange and training, the capabilities of Chinese officials and experts who cooperated with us to quantitatively analyze low carbon development policies have been improved. The cooperation also promoted exchange between Chinese provinces and U.S. states on climate and energy policy. © 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.