Nara L.A.,Center for Chemical Process Safety
11AIChE - 2011 AIChE Spring Meeting and 7th Global Congress on Process Safety, Conference Proceedings | Year: 2011
A number of significant incidents and fires have occurred at biofuels facilities resulting in the destruction of property, injury, and loss of life. Well-developed and properly implemented process safety management programs can play a decisive role in reducing incidents and minimizing their impacts. Critical areas of concern in biofuels manufacturing include the proper storage and handling of flammable materials, containment of flammable vapors, the potential for dust explosions from grain storage, disposal of clean up materials, spill control, and management practices. Established producers and new entrants in this business sector can learn from those who chose not to follow established protocol for operating a safe Class I Division II process environment. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 2011 AIChE Spring Meeting & 7th Global Congress on Process Safety (Chicago, IL 3/13-17/2011).
Berger S.,Center for Chemical Process Safety |
Pridy C.,Phillip Townsend and Inc. PTAI
1st CCPS Asia-Pacific Conference on Process Safety 2013, APCPS 2013 | Year: 2013
The vision and recommendation of industry-wide process safety originated with the creation of the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS®[SB1]) by AIChE following the December 3, 1984 Bhopal disaster, and has been refined and strengthened over time. Most recently, CCPS identified 20 process safety elements of Risk Based Process Safety (RBPS) to be used to drive continual improvement (CCPS, 2007). As organizations implement Process Safety Management (PSMS) systems through a structured and systematic approach there is a realization that the Process Safety journey includes the need to develop an understanding of the current status of existing PSMS, sustain Process Safety performance, and sustain continuous improvement. Benchmarking the process of PSMS practices, with reference to industry peers, is a very useful tool to help identify and address the gaps to best performers. Viewed from a risk based perspective, in 2009 CCPS selected Phillip Townsend Associates (PTAI) to design a PSMS benchmark program. The CCPS benchmarking committee selected 6 of the 20 RBPS elements with the goal of seeking an understanding of the relationship between process safety outcomes and management practices. Benchmarking results of the global study provide participants element-specific quartile performance to the overall industry peers who participated in the study, as well as, specific Asia-Pacific peers. As part of the benchmarking process, the study develops and presents a gap analysis to senior management identifying key areas of improvement for implementing and evolving effective PSMS's. This paper starts from a global benchmarking perspective. A detailed discussion of the PSMS benchmark, methodology, the value proposition to be gained, and the experience of participants in developing an understanding of their current status of existing PSMS is presented. Specific attention is on comparing the similarities and differences between the Asia-Pacific peer group and the overall, global industry peer group. Practices that will improve and sustain PSM performance from top performers are reviewed. The paper focuses on the journey to leverage from lessons learned through the enhancement of Process Safety Knowledge and adopting best practices. Continuous improvement and excellence can be achieved by focusing on the most important decisions and behavior changes that leadership can, closing the gap to the top performers, developing central and site specific action plans for improvement, and raising the internal level of all organizational units to the that of the top-performing internal site. © Copyright (2013) By AIChE. All rights reserved.
Hendershot D.C.,Center for Chemical Process Safety
Process Safety Progress | Year: 2012
An effective process safety culture is essential to an effective process safety management (PSM) program. A good safety culture is the difference between doing aPSM activity, and doing it well. Without a good culture, an organization can check off the boxes indicating that various PSM activities have been done, but the product of those activities may have little valuable content, and the PSM program may not be effective. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Process Saf Prog, 2012 Copyright © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE).
Chastain J.W.,Eastman Chemical Company |
Murphy J.,Center for Chemical Process Safety
16th Process Plant Safety Symposium 2014, PPSS 2014 - Topical Conference at the 2014 AIChE Spring Meeting and 10th Global Congress on Process Safety | Year: 2014
With the publication of Guidelines for Enabling Conditions and Conditional Modifiers in Layer of Protection Analysis (2013), Guidelines for Determining the Probability of Ignition of a Released Flammable Mass (2013), and Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layers of Protection Analysis (2014), CCPS has made significant strides in documenting much of the progress that has occurred in the Layer of Protection Analysis community since the publication of Layer of Protection Analysis Simplified Process Risk Assessment in 2001. During the development of these companion texts, however, CCPS reached the conclusion that a more timely response to changes in the technology was required to serve the LOPA community. To address this need, CCPS is announcing an exciting new project; an Evergreen LOPA Database is being developed to keep practitioners apprised of new developments, new data, and other changes in the field. The Evergreen LOPA Database will enable new data and analysis to be incorporated into the most up to date source available on initiating events, independent protection layers, enabling conditions and conditional modifiers. The Evergreen LOPA database will also allow the community to more easily propose new initiating events and IPLs and have the values and management practices associated with these proposed items peer reviewed and presented to the broader community. This paper describes the current plans for the database project including the content that will be available, the proposed management practices, and the ability for discussion and continuing development by the community.
McCavit J.,Center for Chemical Process Safety |
Grounds C.,British Petroleum
Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series | Year: 2015
The concepts behind CCPS's Vision 20/20 were introduced in conferences throughout the world in the 2014 including in Hazards 24. Feedback from the conferences has been very positive. In addition to concepts, companies need implementation tools to actually reduce process safety incidents. This paper briefly reviews the concepts of Vision 20/20, and primarily addresses tools that will help companies achieve the vision. Emphasis is on an assessment tool that has been developed. The assessment tool is intended to help companies identify strengths and weaknesses within their process safety program in regard to Vision 20/20 concepts. During the 2015 Global Congress on Process Safety, portions of the assessment tool is planned to be used by hundreds of participants and the results of those assessments will be presented in Hazard 25. Participants in Hazard 25 will have the opportunity to compare their perception of their own company with how other companies viewed themselves. The complete assessment tool will be available for participants. Other tools in support of Vision 20/20 which will be discussed include a list of helpful resources available to companies with identified opportunities for improvement and an Implementation Guide to help companies put their Vision 20/20 efforts into action. © 2015 Amec Foster Wheeler.