Center for Chemical Biology

Yokohama-shi, Japan

Center for Chemical Biology

Yokohama-shi, Japan
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Azami N.A.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Azami N.A.,Center for Chemical Biology | Wirjon I.A.,Center for Chemical Biology | Kannusamy S.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | And 4 more authors.
3 Biotech | Year: 2017

The contribution of microbial depolymerase has received much attention because of its potential in biopolymer degradation. In this study, the P(3HB) depolymerase enzyme of a newly isolated Burkholderia cepacia DP1 from soil in Penang, Malaysia, was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The factors affecting P(3HB) depolymerase enzyme production were studied using one-variable-at-a-time approach prior to optimization. Preliminary experiments revealed that the concentration of nitrogen source, concentration of carbon source, initial pH and incubation time were among the main factors influencing the enzyme productivity. An increase of 9.4 folds in enzyme production with an activity of 5.66 U/mL was obtained using optimal medium containing 0.028% N of di-ammonium hydrogen phosphate and 0.31% P(3HB-co-21%4HB) as carbon source at the initial pH of 6.8 for 38 h of incubation. Moreover, the RSM model showed great similarity between predicted and actual enzyme production indicating a successful model validation. This study warrants the ability of P(3HB) degradation by B. cepacia DP1 in producing higher enzyme activity as compared to other P(3HB) degraders being reported. Interestingly, the production of P(3HB) depolymerase was rarely reported within genus Burkholderia. Therefore, this is considered to be a new discovery in the field of P(3HB) depolymerase production. © 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Subba Reddy B.V.,Natural Product Chemistry | Swathi V.,Natural Product Chemistry | Swathi V.,Center for Chemical Biology | Swain M.,Natural Product Chemistry | And 4 more authors.
Organic Letters | Year: 2014

A variety of aldehydes undergo smooth coupling with 4-hydroxy-N-methyl-2-methylene-N-phenylbutanamide in the presence of BF3·OEt2 under ambient conditions to produce the corresponding spiro-oxindole derivatives in good yields with excellent selectivity. It is an entirely new strategy to construct the spirocycles in a one-pot operation through a Prins cascade process. © 2014 American Chemical Society.


Kaihara S.,Center for Chemical Biology | Narikawa M.,Center for Chemical Biology | Fujimoto K.,Center for Chemical Biology
Colloid and Polymer Science | Year: 2012

Thermosensitive nanoparticles were prepared by mimicking protein folding where polymer aggregates were formed by precipitation of thermosensitive polymer chains followed by disulfide formation of their thiol groups. N-Isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and methacryloxy succini-mide (SuMA) were co-polymerized and then cysteamine was allowed to react with succinimide moieties of the polymer to render thiol moieties. A polymer aqueous solution precipitated to form nano-sized aggregates by increasing temperature above its lower critical solution temperature (LCST), and their sizes were monodispersed and tunable by the polymer concentration. The aggregates were cross-linked to produce nanoparticles by oxidation of thiol groups in a manner similar to formation of a disulfide bond of protein. As a result, the cross-linked nanoparticles exhibited swelling by decreasing temperature below the LCST of the copolymer. Fluorescein and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were chosen as a small and a large substance, respectively, and were encapsulated into the swollen nanoparticles at 25 °C. Fluorescein was rapidly released from both swollen and shrunken nanoparticles. Although BSA exhibited little release at any temperatures, it was released from nanopar-ticles by adding the reducing agent to dissociate the disul-fide cross-linking and incubating below the LCST. © Springer-Verlag 2012.

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