Vasagiri N.,Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences |
Vasagiri N.,Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology Annexure |
Kutala V.K.,Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2014
BCL-2 [B-cell leukemia/lymphoma 2]/adenovirus E1B 19KD interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) is an atypical BH3 domain only containing member of Bcl2 family of proteins. BNIP3 is known to be involved in various cellular processes depending on the cell type and conditions and also shown to play a role in various disease conditions including myocardial ischemia, autophagy and apoptosis. Though its role in autophagy and its pro-death activity have been reported in various studies, recent findings have shown its contradictory role in the regulation of these cellular processes. The various studies have shown its epigenetic regulation in disease development and progression and also found to be cytoprotective. In this review, we have focused on the structural and functional aspects of BNIP3 in relation to recent advances of its role in autophagy and apoptosis. Also its role of epigenetic regulation of several genes involved in various diseases was also discussed. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.