Picanco-Castro V.,Center for Cell Therapy and Regional Blood Center |
Picanco-Castro V.,National Institute of Science and Technology in Stem Cell Therapy |
Russo-Carbolante E.,National Institute of Science and Technology in Stem Cell Therapy |
Russo-Carbolante E.,University of Sao Paulo |
And 15 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2011
Reprogramming of somatic cells to pluripotency promises to boost cellular therapy. Most instances of direct reprogramming have been achieved by forced expression of defined exogenous factors using multiple viral vectors. The most used 4 transcription factors, octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4), (sex determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX2), Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), and v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (C-MYC), can induce pluripotency in mouse and human fibroblasts. Here, we report that forced expression of a new combination of transcription factors (T-cell leukemia/lymphoma protein 1A [TCL-1A], C-MYC, and SOX2) is sufficient to promote the reprogramming of human fibroblasts into pluripotent cells. These 3-factor pluripotent cells are similar to human embryonic stem cells in morphology, in the ability to differentiate into cells of the 3 embryonic layers, and at the level of global gene expression. Induced pluripotent human cells generated by a combination of other factors will be of great help for the understanding of reprogramming pathways. This, in turn, will allow us to better control cell-fate and apply this knowledge to cell therapy. © 2011 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
PubMed | Center for Cell Therapy and Regional Blood Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cellular reprogramming | Year: 2012
Human endothelial cells (ECs) have the ability to make up the lining of blood vessels. These cells are also capable of neovascularization and revascularization and have been applied in various clinical situations. With the aim of understanding the effect of NANOG superexpression on ECs, we transduced the Nanog gene into the ECs. Nanog is highly expressed in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and is essential for pluripotency and self-renewal. However, Nanog can also be expressed in somatic stem cells, and this gene is related to great expansion capacity in vitro. We found that ECs expressing Nanog showed expression of other stemness genes, such as Sox2, FoxD3, Oct4, Klf4, c-myc, and -catenin, that are not normally expressed or are expressed at very low levels in ECs. Nanog is one of the stemness genes that can activate other stemness genes, and the upregulation of the Nanog gene seems to be critical for reprogramming cells. In this study, the introduction of Nanog was sufficient to alter the expression of key genes of the pluripotent pathway. The functional importance of Nanog for altering the cell expression profile and morphology was clearly demonstrated by our results.