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Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

Lucena-Araujo A.R.,Center for Cell Based Therapy | Kim H.T.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Jacomo R.H.,Center for Cell Based Therapy | Melo R.A.,Fundacao Hemope | And 23 more authors.
Annals of Hematology | Year: 2014

Activating internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations in the fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene (FLT3-ITD) are associated with poor outcome in acute myeloid leukemia, but their prognostic impact in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) remains controversial. Here, we screened for FLT3-ITD mutations in 171 APL patients, treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and anthracycline-based chemotherapy. We identified FLT3-ITD mutations in 35 patients (20 %). FLT3-ITD mutations were associated with higher white blood cell counts (P < 0.0001), relapse-risk score (P = 0.0007), higher hemoglobin levels (P = 0.0004), higher frequency of the microgranular morphology (M3v) subtype (P = 0.03), and the short PML/RARA (BCR3) isoform (P < 0.0001). After a median follow-up of 38 months, FLT3-ITDpositive patients had a lower 3-year overall survival rate (62 %) compared with FLT3-ITDnegative patients (82 %) (P = 0.006). The prognostic impact of FLT3-ITD on survival was retained in multivariable analysis (hazard ratio: 2.39, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.17–4.89; P = 0.017). Nevertheless, complete remission (P = 0.07), disease-free survival (P = 0.24), and the cumulative incidence of relapse (P = 0.94) rates were not significantly different between groups. We can conclude that FLT3-ITD mutations are associated with several hematologic features in APL, in particular with high white blood cell counts. In addition, FLT3-ITD may independently predict a shorter survival in patients with APL treated with ATRA and anthracycline-based chemotherapy. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Martins C.S.,University of Sao Paulo | Santana-Lemos B.A.,University of Sao Paulo | Santana-Lemos B.A.,Center for Cell Based Therapy | Saggioro F.P.,University of Sao Paulo | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation | Year: 2015

Purpose: Telomere dysfunction and telomerase activation underlie cancer transformation. This study aims to investigate the contribution of telomere biology to pituitary tumor behavior. Subjects and methods: Samples from 50 patients with pituitary tumors (11 ACTH-secreting, 18 GH-secreting, and 21 non-secreting tumors) and 7 subjects without pituitary lesions were collected. The expressions of telomerase essential components TERT and TERC and tumor telomere content were measured by quantitative PCR techniques. Results: Telomerase (TERT) expression was detected in 36 % of tumors. No correlation was observed between TERT and TERC expression level and tumor size in any tumor type. There was no association between gene expression and clinical findings. Telomere content (T/S ratio) was similar between pituitary adenomas (0.39 ± 0.16) and normal pituitaries (0.47 ± 0.12; p = 0.24) and also was between the different adenoma types: ACTH-secreting (0.43 ± 0.08), GH-secreting (0.31 ± 0.12), and non-secreting (0.42 ± 0.20; p = 0.10) tumors. Conclusions: The telomere content and expression of telomerase components are comparable between normal pituitary glands and tumor tissues, suggesting that telomere biology does not play an important role in pituitary tumor development. © 2015 Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE).

Coetzee S.G.,University of Sao Paulo | Coetzee S.G.,Center for Cell Based Therapy | Shen H.C.,University of Southern California | Hazelett D.J.,University of Southern California | And 163 more authors.
Human Molecular Genetics | Year: 2015

Understanding the regulatory landscape of the human genome is a central question in complex trait genetics. Most singlenucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with cancer risk lie in non-protein-coding regions, implicating regulatory DNA elements as functional targets of susceptibility variants. Here, we describe genome-wide annotation of regions of open chromatin and histone modification in fallopian tube and ovarian surface epithelial cells (FTSECs, OSECs), the debated cellular origins of high-grade serous ovarian cancers (HGSOCs) and in endometriosis epithelial cells (EECs), the likely precursor of clear cell ovarian carcinomas (CCOCs). The regulatory architecture of these cell types was compared with normal human mammary epithelial cells and LNCaP prostate cancer cells. We observed similar positional patterns of global enhancer signatures across the three different ovarian cancer precursor cell types, and evidence of tissue-specific regulatory signatures compared to nongynecological cell types. We found significant enrichment for risk-associated SNPs intersecting regulatory biofeatures at 17 known HGSOC susceptibility loci in FTSECs (P = 3.8 × 10-30), OSECs (P = 2.4 × 10-23) and HMECs (P = 6.7 × 10-15) but not for EECs (P = 0.45) or LNCaP cells (P = 0.88). Hierarchical clustering of risk SNPs conditioned on the six different cell types indicates FTSECs and OSECs are highly related (96% of samples using multi-scale bootstrapping) suggesting both cell types may be precursors of HGSOC. These data represent the first description of regulatory catalogues of normal precursor cells for different ovarian cancer subtypes, and provide unique insights into the tissue specific regulatory variation with respect to the likely functional targets of germline genetic susceptibility variants for ovarian cancer. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

de Araujo L.F.,University of Sao Paulo | de Araujo L.F.,Center for Cell Based Therapy | Fonseca A.S.,University of Sao Paulo | Fonseca A.S.,Center for Cell Based Therapy | And 16 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

Mitochondrial dysfunction is regarded as a hallmark of cancer progression. In the current study, we evaluated mitochondrial genome instability and copy number in colorectal cancer using Next Generation Sequencing approach and qPCR, respectively. The results revealed higher levels of heteroplasmy and depletion of the relative mtDNA copy number in colorectal adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinoma samples also presented an increased number of mutations in nuclear genes encoding proteins which functions are related with mitochondria fusion, fission and localization. Moreover, we found a set of mitochondrial and nuclear genes, which cooperate in the same mitochondrial function simultaneously mutated in adenocarcinoma. In summary, these results support an important role for mitochondrial function and genomic instability in colorectal tumorigenesis. © 2015, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

Berzoti-Coelho M.G.,University of Sao Paulo | Ferreira A.F.,University of Sao Paulo | Ferreira A.F.,Center for Cell Based Therapy | de Souza Nunes N.,University of Sao Paulo | And 16 more authors.
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases | Year: 2016

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), Polycythemia Vera (PV), Essential Thrombocythemia (ET) and Primary Myelofibrosis (PMF) are Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) characterized by clonal myeloproliferation without cell maturation impairment. CML pathogenesis is associated with the Ph chromosome leading to BCR-ABL tyrosine-kinase constitutive expression. The Ph negative MPN (PV, ET and PMF) are characterized by the mutation JAK2V617F of the JAK2 protein in the auto-inhibitory JH2 domain, which is found in most PV patients and in approximately half of ET and PMF patients. Considerable effort is being made to understand the role of JAK2V617F at the MPN initiation and to clarify the pathogenesis and apoptosis resistance in CML, PV, ET and PMF patients. In the present investigation, we evaluated the Death Inducer-Obliterator (DIDO) (variants DIDO 1, 2 and 3) levels in CML, PV, ET and PMF patients. Our data reported the DIDO 1, 2 and 3 differential expressions in Myeloproliferative Neoplasms. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

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