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Ulczok R.,Center of Oncology of Poland | Milewski K.,Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development | Bis J.,Medical University of Silesia, Katowice | Samborski S.,Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development | And 12 more authors.
International Journal of Artificial Organs | Year: 2015

Introduction: Although saphenous vein grafts are widely used conduits for coronary artery bypass graft surgery, their clinical value remains limited due to high failure rates. The aim of the study was to evaluate feasibility, safety, and biocompatibility of peritoneal derived vascular grafts (PDVG) formed on a silicone-coated, latex, Foley catheter in a stromal cell-derived factor (SDF-1)-enriched environment. Methods: Foley catheters were implanted into the parietal wall of 8 sheep. After 21 days the peritoneal cavity was re-opened and the newly formed tissue fragments were harvested. The animals were randomly assigned into: (1) study group in which conduits were incubated in a solution containing SDF-1, (2) control group without SDF-1 incubation. Left carotid arteries were accessed and “end-to-side” anastomoses were performed. Biological materials for histological examination were taken at 4, 7, 10, and 14 days. Results and Conclusions: The study proved safety, feasibility, and biocompatibility of PDVG formed on the basis of a silicone-coated, latex catheter in an SDF-1 chemokine-enriched environment. These biological grafts effectively integrated with the native high-pressure arterial environment in an ovine model and provided favorable vascular profile. The potential clinical value of this technology needs to be further elucidated in long-term preclinical and clinical studies. © 2015 Wichtig Publishing.


Zalewski J.,Catholic University of Leuven | Zalewski J.,Jagiellonian University | Claus P.,Catholic University of Leuven | Bogaert J.,Catholic University of Leuven | And 7 more authors.
Basic Research in Cardiology | Year: 2015

Postconditioning and cyclosporine A prevent mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening providing cardioprotection during ischemia/reperfusion. Whether microvascular obstruction is affected by these interventions is largely unknown. Pigs subjected to coronary occlusion for 1 h followed by 3 h of reperfusion were assigned to control (n = 8), postconditioning (n = 9) or cyclosporine A intravenous infusion 10–15 min before the end of ischemia (n = 8). Postconditioning was induced by 8 cycles of repeated 30-s balloon inflation and deflation. After 3 h of reperfusion magnetic resonance imaging, triphenyltetrazolium chloride/Evans blue staining and histopathology were performed. Microvascular obstruction (MVO, percentage of gadolinium-hyperenhanced area) was measured early (3 min) and late (12 min) after contrast injection. Infarct size with double staining was smaller in cyclosporine (46.2 ± 3.1 %, P = 0.016) and postconditioning pigs (47.6 ± 3.9 %, P = 0.008) versus controls (53.8 ± 4.1 %). Late MVO was significantly reduced by cyclosporine (13.9 ± 9.6 %, P = 0.047) but not postconditioning (23.6 ± 11.7 %, P = 0.66) when compared with controls (32.0 ± 16.9 %). Myocardial blood flow in the late MVO was improved with cyclosporine versus controls (0.30 ± 0.06 vs 0.21 ± 0.03 ml/g/min, P = 0.002) and was inversely correlated with late-MVO extent (R2 = 0.93, P < 0.0001). Deterioration of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) between baseline and 3 h of reperfusion was smaller with cyclosporine (−7.9 ± 2.4 %, P = 0.008) but not postconditioning (−12.0 ± 5.5 %, P = 0.22) when compared with controls (−16.4 ± 5.5 %). In the three groups, infarct size (β = −0.69, P < 0.001) and late MVO (β = −0.33, P = 0.02) were independent predictors of LVEF deterioration following ischemia/reperfusion (R2 = 0.73, P < 0.001). Despite both cyclosporine A and postconditioning reduce infarct size, only cyclosporine A infusion had a beneficial effect on microvascular damage and was associated with better preserved LV function when compared with controls. © 2015, The Author(s).


Buszman P.P.,Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development | Wojakowski W.,Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development | Wojakowski W.,Medical University of Silesia, Katowice | Milewski K.,Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development | And 12 more authors.
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2012

Introduction: The reperfusion injury (RI) remains a significant limitation of primary PCI, therefore we evaluated the role of intracoronary abciximab and bivalirudin for anticoagulation on myocardial salvage and RI in the porcine model of ischemia/reperfusion. Materials and Methods: Myocardial infarction was induced in 23 pigs by 60-minute over-the-wire (OTW) balloon occlusion of the LAD. Animals received intravenous bivalirudin and then five minutes prior to reperfusion, either a coronary downstream infusion of abciximab (n = 11) or saline (n = 12) through the central lumen of an OTW catheter. All animals were followed for 48 hours. Results: Histological analysis showed that infarct area (IA) and area at risk (AAR) were comparable between groups (IA/AAR%: 57.6 ± 8% vs. 57.1 ± 7%, p = 0.8). Confirming this trend, biochemical markers (troponin I, TNF-alpha, IL-6, hsCRP, adiponectin, and VCAM) and left ventricular ejection fraction were also similar at 48 hours. Adhesion markers like ICAM and P-selectin were significantly decreased in the study group, nevertheless histological evidence of leukocyte extravasation was similar. The enhancement of apoptosis by TUNEL was comparable in both groups. The number of hemorrhagic infarctions confirmed by micro and macroscopic evaluation tended to be higher in the study group (70% vs. 20%, p = 0.07). Conclusions: Despite lowered concentrations of adhesion molecules, intracoronary abciximab with peripheral bivalirudin is not superior to bivalirudin unaided in terms of myocardial salvage caused by RI in the porcine ischemia/reperfusion model. This might be due to local hemorrhage caused by abciximab. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Handzlik-Orlik G.,University of Silesia | Holecki M.,University of Silesia | Holecki M.,Collaborating Center for Obesity Management | Orlik B.,Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development | And 2 more authors.
Nutrition in Clinical Practice | Year: 2015

Bariatric surgery is considered one of the most effective methods of achieving long-term weight loss when all other medical treatments have failed. The number of bariatric procedures increases each year. Nevertheless, bariatric procedures are associated with a number of complications that require careful multidisciplinary management. Nutrition supervision is of substantial value, as malnutrition, vitamin, and micro- and macronutrient deficiencies may lead to deleterious consequences. In this review, we provide essential information on nutrition management, both before and after bariatric surgical procedures. © 2014 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.


PubMed | Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Thrombosis research | Year: 2012

The reperfusion injury (RI) remains a significant limitation of primary PCI, therefore we evaluated the role of intracoronary abciximab and bivalirudin for anticoagulation on myocardial salvage and RI in the porcine model of ischemia/reperfusion.Myocardial infarction was induced in 23 pigs by 60-minute over-the-wire (OTW) balloon occlusion of the LAD. Animals received intravenous bivalirudin and then five minutes prior to reperfusion, either a coronary downstream infusion of abciximab (n=11) or saline (n=12) through the central lumen of an OTW catheter. All animals were followed for 48 hours.Histological analysis showed that infarct area (IA) and area at risk (AAR) were comparable between groups (IA/AAR%: 57.6 8% vs. 57.1 7%, p=0.8). Confirming this trend, biochemical markers (troponin I, TNF-alpha, IL-6, hsCRP, adiponectin, and VCAM) and left ventricular ejection fraction were also similar at 48 hours. Adhesion markers like ICAM and P-selectin were significantly decreased in the study group, nevertheless histological evidence of leukocyte extravasation was similar. The enhancement of apoptosis by TUNEL was comparable in both groups. The number of hemorrhagic infarctions confirmed by micro and macroscopic evaluation tended to be higher in the study group (70% vs. 20%, p=0.07).Despite lowered concentrations of adhesion molecules, intracoronary abciximab with peripheral bivalirudin is not superior to bivalirudin unaided in terms of myocardial salvage caused by RI in the porcine ischemia/reperfusion model. This might be due to local hemorrhage caused by abciximab.


PubMed | Center for Cardiovascular Research and Development
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Kardiologia polska | Year: 2015

Stent design may influence the outcomes, suggesting that adverse event rates vary according to free cell area and cell design. Open cell design technology of self-expandable stents, dedicated for carotid revascularisation has better deliverability, although closed cell technology is expected to cause fewer thromboembolic events.To evaluate the feasibility and vascular response of novel, hybrid cell, self-expandable nitinol stents (MER, Balton, Poland) implanted into porcine carotid arteries. Hybrid cell design combines open and closed cell technology.All tested stents were implanted with 10% overstretch into 10 carotid segments of Polish domestic pigs. Control angiography was obtained immediately before and after vascular interventions as well as 28 days after the procedure. Thereafter, animals were sacrificed, and the treated segments were harvested and evaluated in the independent histopathology laboratory.All stents were easily introduced and implanted, showing good angiographic acute outcome. At 28 days, in the angiography, all vessels were patent with no signs of thrombi or excessive neointimal formation, with the late lumen loss of -0.11 0.3 mm and percentage diameter stenosis 10.18 8.1%. There was a 10% increase in the vessel reference diameter when compared to baseline (4.57 0.5 vs. 4.96 0.3 mm, p < 0.01). In the histopathology, mean area stenosis was 17.4% and mean intimal thickness was 0.20 mm. At histopathology, the mean injury, inflammation, and fibrin scores were low. Endothelialisation was complete in all stents, and neointimal tissue appeared moderately mature as shown by the moderate mean neointimal smooth muscle score. Nonetheless, histopathology shows one stent affected by peri-strut granulomas and one stent affected by marked mineralisation.The novel Polish self-expandable nitinol carotid stent with hybrid cell technology shows optimal biocompatibility and a vascular healing profile, and therefore may be introduced for first-in-man application.

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