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Siemianowice Śląskie, Poland

Bielecki P.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Bielecki P.,Center for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research | Puchalka J.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Wos-Oxley M.L.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a threatening, opportunistic pathogen causing disease in immunocompromised individuals. The hallmark of P. aeruginosa virulence is its multi-factorial and combinatorial nature. It renders such bacteria infectious for many organisms and it is often resistant to antibiotics. To gain insights into the physiology of P. aeruginosa during infection, we assessed the transcriptional programs of three different P. aeruginosa strains directly after isolation from burn wounds of humans. We compared the programs to those of the same strains using two infection models: a plant model, which consisted of the infection of the midrib of lettuce leaves, and a murine tumor model, which was obtained by infection of mice with an induced tumor in the abdomen. All control conditions of P. aeruginosa cells growing in suspension and as a biofilm were added to the analysis. We found that these different P. aeruginosa strains express a pool of distinct genetic traits that are activated under particular infection conditions regardless of their genetic variability. The knowledge herein generated will advance our understanding of P. aeruginosa virulence and provide valuable cues for the definition of prospective targets to develop novel intervention strategies. © 2011 Bielecki et al.

Adamus A.,University of Lodz | Komasa J.,University of Lodz | Kadlubowski S.,University of Lodz | Ulanski P.,University of Lodz | And 6 more authors.
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2016

This report demonstrates the feasibility of radiation grafting for the preparation of polymer layers functionalised with short peptide ligands which promote cell adhesion. Thermoresponsive poly [tri(ethylene glycol) monoethyl ether methacrylate] (PTEGMA) layers were synthesised on a polypropylene substrate by post-irradiation grafting. A cell adhesion moiety, the CF-IKVAVK peptide modified with a methacrylamide function and a fluorescent label were introduced to the surface during the polymerisation process. The amount of CF-IKVAVK was easily controlled by changing its concentration in the reaction mixture. The changes in the surface composition, morphology, philicity and thickness at each step of the polypropylene functionalisation confirmed that the surface modification procedures were successful. The increase in environmental temperature above the cloud point temperature of PTEGMA caused a decrease in surface philicity. The obtained PTEGMA and PTEGMA-peptide surfaces above TCP were tested as scaffolds for fibroblast sheet culture and temperature induced detachment. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Dworak A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Utrata-Wesolek A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Szweda D.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Kowalczuk A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | And 5 more authors.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces | Year: 2013

Well-defined thermosensitive poly[tri(ethylene glycol) monoethyl ether methacrylate] (P(TEGMA-EE)) brushes were synthesized on a solid substrate by the surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization of TEGMA-EE. The polymerization reaction was initiated by 2-bromo-2-methylpropionate groups immobilized on the surface of the wafers. The changes in the surface composition, morphology, philicity, and thickness that occurred at each step of wafer functionalization confirmed that all surface modification procedures were successful. Both the successful modification of the surface and bonding of the P(TEGMA-EE) layer were confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. The thickness of the obtained P(TEGMA-EE) layers increased with increasing polymerization time. The increase of environmental temperature above the cloud point temperature of P(TEGMA-EE) caused the changes of surface philicity. A simultaneous decrease in the polymer layer thickness confirmed the thermosensitive properties of these P(TEGMA-EE) layers. The thermosensitive polymer surfaces obtained were evaluated for the growth and harvesting of human fibroblasts (basic skin cells). At 37 C, seeded cells adhered to and spread well onto the P(TEGMA-EE)-coated surfaces. A confluent cell sheet was formed within 24 h of cell culture. Lowering the temperature to an optimal value of 17.5 C (below the cloud point temperature of the polymer, TCP, in cell culture medium) led to the separation of the fibroblast sheet from the polymer layer. These promising results indicate that the surfaces produced may successfully be used as substrate for engineering of skin tissue, especially for delivering cell sheets in the treatment of burns and slow-healing wounds. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Dworak A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Utrata-Wesolek A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Oleszko N.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Walach W.,Polish Academy of Sciences | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine | Year: 2014

The thermoresponsive surfaces of brush structure (linear polymer chains tethered on the surface) based on poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline)s and copolymers of 2-ethyl-2-oxazoline and 2-nonyl-2-oxazoline were obtained using the grafting-to method. The living oxazoline (co)polymers have been synthesized by cationic ring-opening polymerization and subsequently terminated by the reactive amine groups present on the surface. The changes in the surface morphology, philicity and thickness occurring during surface modification were monitored via atomic force microscopy, contact angle and ellipsometry. The thickness of the (co)poly(2-substituted-2-oxazoline) layers ranged from 4 to 11 nm depending on the molar mass of immobilized polymer and reversibly varied with the temperature changes. This confirmed thermoresponsive properties of obtained surfaces. The obtained polymer surfaces were used as a support for dermal fibroblast culture and detachment. The fibroblasts' adhesion and proliferation on the polymer surfaces were observed when the culture temperature was above the cloud point temperature of the immobilized polymer. Lowering the temperature resulted in the detachment of the dermal fibroblast sheets from the polymer layers, which makes these surfaces suitable for the treatment of wounds and in skin tissue engineering. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media.

Oleszko N.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Walach W.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Utrata-Wesolek A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Kowalczuk A.,Polish Academy of Sciences | And 7 more authors.
Biomacromolecules | Year: 2015

Semicrystalline, thermoresponsive poly(2-isopropyl-2-oxazoline) (PIPOx) layers covalently bonded to glass or silica wafers were obtained via the surface-termination of the living polymer chains. Polymer solutions in acetonitrile were exposed to 50 °C for various time periods and were poured onto the functionalized solid wafers. Fibrillar crystallites formed in polymerization solutions settled down onto the wafers next to the amorphous polymer. The amount of crystallites adsorbed on thermoresponsive polymer layers depended on the annealing time of the PIPOx solution. The wettability of PIPOx layers decreased with the increasing amount of crystallites. The higher content of crystallites weakened the temperature response of the layer, as evidenced by the philicity and thickness measurements. Semicrystalline thermoresponsive PIPOx layers were used as biomaterials for human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) culture and detachment. The presence of crystallites on the PIPOx layers promoted the proliferation of HDFs. Changes in the physicochemical properties of the layer, caused by the temperature response of the polymer, led to the change in the cells shape from a spindle-like to an ellipsoidal shape, which resulted in their detachment. A supporting membrane was used to assist the detachment of the cells from PIPOx biosurfaces and to prevent the rolling of the sheet. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

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