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Schier R.,University of Cologne | Collins M.,Center for Biostatistics and Clinical Trials and | Rafat N.,University of Heidelberg | Teschendorf P.,Hospital of Osnabrueck | And 2 more authors.
British journal of anaesthesia | Year: 2014

Preoperative anaemia is associated with increased morbidity in patients undergoing major surgery. Whether erythrocytes are the only bone-marrow-derived cell lineage that associates with increased surgical complications is unknown. This prospective observational trial studied the mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in response to exercise in association with postoperative complications. After IRB approval, 60 subjects undergoing major thoracic surgery were exercised to exhaustion (peak V̇(O2)). Peripheral blood collected before and after peak exercise was quantified for EPC lineages by fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis. Complication analysis was based on the Clavien-Dindo classification. Exhaustive exercise increased EPC [CD45-133+34+ cells=150 (0.00-5230) to 220 (0.00-1270) cells μl(-1); median change (range)=20 (-4,180-860) cells μl(-1); P=0.03] but not mature endothelial cell (EC) subpopulations. Pre-exercise levels [odds ratio (OR)=0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.37-2.00, P=0.72), change after exercise as a continuous variable (OR=0.95, 95% CI: 0.41-2.22, P=0.91) and a positive response after exercise (change >0 cells μl(-1); OR=0.41, 95% CI: 0.13-1.28, P=0.12) were not statistically significantly associated with the incidence of postoperative complications. Post-hoc receiver operating characteristic curve analyses revealed that subjects with a CD45-133+34+ increase ≥60 cells μl(-1) in response to exercise suffered fewer postoperative complications [86% sensitivity, 48% specificity and AUC=0.67 (95% CI: 0.52-0.81)]. Preoperative exercise induces EPC into the peripheral circulation. Subjects with a poor EPC response had a pre-existing propensity for postoperative complications. This warrants further research into the role of bone marrow function as a critical component to endothelial repair mechanisms. IRB 2003-0434 (University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA). © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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