Tsamis A.,University of Pittsburgh |
Tsamis A.,McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine |
Tsamis A.,213 Center for Bioengineering |
Pocivavsek L.,University of Pittsburgh |
And 2 more authors.
Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology | Year: 2014
Crohn’s disease is a challenging inflammatory process with a propensity for focal gastro-intestinal tract inflammation and stricture. Surgically, Crohn’s is often treated with resection. However, a subtype of diffuse disease with multiple strictures is treated by strictureplasty procedures in hope of avoiding short-gut syndrome. Prior work by Pocivavsek et al. defined the geometry of a Heineke–Mikulicz strictureplasty. Here, we bring this analysis one step closer to clinical and biological relevance by calculating the mechanical stresses and strains that the strictureplasty deformation generates on a model intestinal wall. The small bowel is simulated as a linearly elastic isotropic deformable cylindrical shell using finite element modeling. Data show a divergence in elastic response between the anti-mesenteric and mesenteric halves. The anti-mesenteric surface shows a bending dominated elastic response that correlates with the prior purely geometric analysis. However, the mesenteric half is not a neutral bystander during strictureplasty formation, as geometric arguments predict. Strong in-plane stretching strains develop in a rim around the image of the transverse closure, which may impact local perfusion and serve as sites of disease recurrence. Lastly, nearly all the deformation energy is stored in the central vertex stitch, placing this part at highest risk of dehiscence. This study enhances our understanding of mechanical response in complex nonlinear cylindrical geometries like the surgically manipulated intestinal tract. The developed framework serves as a platform for future addition of more complex clinically relevant parameters to our model, including real tissue properties, anisotropy, blood supply modeling, and patient deriver anatomic factors. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.