Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Dubai, United Arab Emirates

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PubMed | Center for Arab Genomic Studies, Centogene AG and Latifa Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Molecular and cellular probes | Year: 2016

The SOX18 gene encodes a transcription factor that plays a notable role in certain developmental contexts such as lymphangiogenesis, hair follicle development and vasculogenesis. SOX18 mutations are linked to recessive and dominant hypotrichosis-lymphedema-telangiectasia syndrome (HLTS). In this study we report on a novel heterozygous mutation in SOX18 in a Jordanian patient suffering from HLTS that was revealed by Whole Exome Sequencing. In this case, a frameshift caused by 14-nucleotide duplication in SOX18 appeared de novo resulting in a premature translational stop at the N-terminal region of the central trans-activation domain. Here we present the clinical manifestations of the above mentioned molecular lesion in the light of what is known from published SOX18 mutations.


Fortina P.,Thomas Jefferson University | Fortina P.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Khaja N.A.,Dubai Medical College | Khaja N.A.,Center for Arab Genomic Studies | And 6 more authors.
Human Mutation | Year: 2014

The joint 5th Pan Arab Human Genetics conference and 2013 Golden Helix Symposium, "Genomics into Healthcare" was coorganized by the Center for Arab Genomic Studies (http://www.cags.org.ae) in collaboration with the Golden Helix Foundation (http://www.goldenhelix.org) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates from 17 to 19 November, 2013. The meeting was attended by over 900 participants, doctors and biomedical students from over 50 countries and was organized into a series of nine themed sessions that covered cancer genomics and epigenetics, genomic and epigenetic studies, genomics of blood and metabolic disorders, cytogenetic diagnosis and molecular profiling, next-generation sequencing, consanguinity and hereditary diseases, clinical genomics, clinical applications of pharmacogenomics, and genomics in public health. © 2014 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.


PubMed | Center for Arab Genomic Studies
Type: | Journal: International journal of rheumatic diseases | Year: 2016

Various studies incorporating Arab populations have reported on specific associations between HLA-DRB1 variants and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We sought to provide an overview on the association of HLA-DRB1 with RA in Arabs using meta-analysis tools.Data on allele counts and frequencies were compiled from the relevant literature (published before 16 February 2016) and the associations of 13 -DRB1 variants with RA were assessed; relationships were defined in terms of odds ratios (ORs) with a 95% confidence interval.Based on a collection of six studies, risk conferring or protective allele associations were derived from allele counts in 475 RA patients and 1213 controls. Two HLA-DRB1 alleles (-DRB1*04, *10) significantly conferred an increased risk for RA (OR > 2; P < 0.0001). Conversely, four alleles (-DRB1*03, *07, *11 and *13) significantly conferred a protective effect against RA (OR < 1; P < 0.05). No significant associations with RA were found for seven -DRB1 variants (-DRB1*01, *08, *09, *12, *14, *15 and *16).With increased statistical power and effect size over individual studies, we present a more robust profile on the association of HLA-DRB1 variants with RA in the Arab ethnicity, and contribute to the global geo-ethnic picture in this context.


PubMed | Latifa Hospital and Center for Arab Genomic Studies
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of medical genetics. Part A | Year: 2016

Microcephaly is a rare neurological condition, both in isolation and when it occurs as part of a syndrome. One of the syndromic forms of microcephaly is microcephaly, seizures and developmental delay (MCSZ) (OMIM #613402), a rare autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disorder with a range of phenotypic severity, and known to be caused by mutations in the polynucleotide kinase 3 phosphatase (PNKP) gene. The PNK protein is a key enzyme involved in the repair of single and double stranded DNA breaks, a process which is particularly important in the nervous system. We describe an Emirati patient who presented with microcephaly, short stature, uncontrollable tonic-clonic seizures, facial dysmorphism, and developmental delay, while at the same time showing evidence of brain atrophy and agenesis of the corpus callosum. We used whole exome sequencing to identify homozygosity for a missense c.1385G>C (p.Arg462Pro) mutation in PNKP in the patient and heterozygosity for this mutation in her consanguineous parents. The Arg 462 residue forms a part of the lid subdomain helix of the P-loop Kinase domain. Although our patients phenotype resembled that of MCSZ, the short stature and evidence of brain atrophy distinguished it from other classic cases of the condition. The report raises the question of whether to consider this case as an atypical variant of MCSZ or as a novel form of microcephalic primordial dwarfism. 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


PubMed | Center for Arab Genomic Studies
Type: | Journal: Tissue antigens | Year: 2015

Genes from the HLA complex have a major contribution in type 1 diabetes (T1D), which results from an interplay between environmental and genetic factors. The latter can explain some of the geographic variability in T1D occurrence around the world. Of a particular importance in this regard are the HLA-DR, -DP and -DQ loci. Consequently, we aimed at elucidating the collective genetic profiles of various alleles relating to HLA-DRB1 and -DP in T1D patients throughout the Arab World using the tools of meta-analysis. As for HLA-DQA1 and DQB1 alleles; this analysis was completed and published previously (see Introduction). As a result of limited availability of relevant studies of the HLA-DP locus, only HLA-DRB1 alleles were tackled in this paper. Our study showed that significant increases in T1D risk resulted from harboring the alleles DRB1*03:01 and *04:05 (odds ratio 7.76 and 7.52, respectively). DRB1*04:01 and *04:02 were also predisposing for T1D in Arabs. Very strong evidence supported the protective effects of DRB1*10:01, *13:01, *15:02 and *16:01, with low heterogeneity and no publication bias. The results from the series of meta-analyses performed in this study help to complete the global genetic epidemiological map of T1D by providing statistically robust data from the Arab World.


PubMed | Center for Arab Genomic Studies and Latifa Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Congenital anomalies | Year: 2016

The WDR62 gene encodes a scaffold protein of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway. It plays a critical role in laying out various cellular layers in the cerebral cortex during embryogenesis, and hence the dramatic clinical features resulting from WDR62 mutations. These mutations are associated with autosomal recessive primary microcephaly 2, with or without cortical malformations (MCPH2). Using whole exome sequencing we uncovered a novel WDR62 variant; c.390G>A, from two Sudanese siblings whose parents are first cousins. The patients suffered MCPH2 with incomplete lissencephaly and developmental delay. The mutation affects the last nucleotide of exon4, and probably leads to aberrant splicing, which may result in a truncated protein lacking all functional domains.


PubMed | Latifa Hospital and Center for Arab Genomic Studies
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of medical genetics | Year: 2016

Mutations in the G Protein Signaling Modulator 2 (GPSM2) cause the autosomal recessive disorder Chudley-McCullough syndrome (CMS), which is characterized by profound congenital sensorineural hearing loss with various abnormalities in the brain. This phenotypic combination is attributed to the role played by GPSM2 in the establishment of planar polarity and spindle orientation during asymmetric cell divisions. Here we present two brothers from a Yemeni family who were diagnosed clinically with CMS then tested for GPSM2 mutations using Sanger sequencing. Consequent to sequencing, in silico tools (such as CADD) were utilized to assess functional consequences. Molecular analysis revealed a previously unreported homozygous mutation in GPSM2 in both brothers (c.1055C>A) leading to a truncating protein change; (p.Ser352*). This mutation is predicted to abolish all four GoLoco domains in GPSM2 and this explains the bioinformatic prediction for this mutation to be functionally damaging. Full clinical and molecular accounts of the novel mutation are provided in this paper.


PubMed | Center for Arab Genomic Studies
Type: Journal Article | Journal: HLA | Year: 2016

Genes from the HLA complex have a major contribution in type 1 diabetes (T1D), which results from an interplay between environmental and genetic factors. The latter can explain some of the geographic variability in T1D occurrence around the world. Of a particular importance in this regard are the HLA-DR, -DP and -DQ loci. Consequently, we aimed at elucidating the collective genetic profiles of various alleles relating to HLA-DRB1 and -DP in T1D patients throughout the Arab World using the tools of meta-analysis. As for HLA-DQA1 and DQB1 alleles; this analysis was completed and published previously (see Introduction). As a result of limited availability of relevant studies of the HLA-DP locus, only HLA-DRB1 alleles were tackled in this paper. Our study showed that significant increases in T1D risk resulted from harboring the alleles DRB1*03:01 and *04:05 (odds ratio 7.76 and 7.52, respectively). DRB1*04:01 and *04:02 were also predisposing for T1D in Arabs. Very strong evidence supported the protective effects of DRB1*10:01, *13:01, *15:02 and *16:01, with low heterogeneity and no publication bias. The results from the series of meta-analyses performed in this study help to complete the global genetic epidemiological map of T1D by providing statistically robust data from the Arab World.


PubMed | Latifa Hospital and Center for Arab Genomic Studies
Type: | Journal: Irish journal of medical science | Year: 2016

Intellectual disability (ID) features in numerous heritable medical conditions that result from ATRX mutations. Alpha-thalassemia mental retardation syndrome (ATR-X syndrome) is the most notable manifestation of ATRX dysfunction. In addition to ID, genitourinary and craniofacial abnormalities are regularly observed with or without alpha-thalassemia.The study sought to characterize two cases of ATR-X in a Yemeni family clinically and molecularly.PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing were used to study the ATRX gene in a Yemeni family. Also, methylation-sensitive PCR was used to perform X-inactivation studies. CADD, SNAP2 and PolyPhen-2 helped to predict the functional consequences of the variant.Molecular testing revealed a novel hemizygous missense mutation (c.5666T>G) in the ATRX gene in the two Yemeni brothers. This mutation was found in a heterozygous state in the mother, with the chromosome harboring the mutated allele being under strongly skewed X-inactivation.The mutated gene is predicted to have a disrupted SNF-2 domain at a conserved residue; p.Leu1889Trp, which is deemed functionally damaging. This report offers, for the first time, full clinical and molecular characterization of a novel ATRX variant in an Arab family.


PubMed | Center for Arab Genomic Studies
Type: | Journal: Journal of translational medicine | Year: 2016

The 6th Pan Arab Human Genetics Conference (PAHGC), Genetics of Multifactorial Disorders was organized by the Center for Arab Genomic Studies (http://www.cags.org.ae) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates from 21 to 23 January, 2016. The PAHGCs are held biennially to provide a common platform to bring together regional and international geneticists to share their knowledge and to discuss common issues. Over 800 delegates attended the first 2 days of the conference and these came from various medical and scientific backgrounds. They consisted of geneticists, molecular biologists, medical practitioners, postdoctoral researchers, technical staff (e.g., nurses and lab technicians) and medical students from 35 countries around the world. On the 3rd day, a one-day workshop on Genetic Counseling was delivered to 26 participants. The conference focused on four major topics, namely, diabetes, genetics of neurodevelopmental disorders, congenital anomalies and cancer genetics. Personalized medicine was a recurrent theme in most of the research presented at the conference, as was the application of novel molecular findings in clinical settings. This report discusses a summary of the presentations from the meeting.

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