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Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Klopocki E.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Klopocki E.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics | Lohan S.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Lohan S.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics | And 24 more authors.
Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2012

Background: Split-hand/foot malformation (SHFM)-also known as ectrodactyly-is a congenital disorder characterised by severe malformations of the distal limbs affecting the central rays of hands and/or feet. A distinct entity termed SHFLD presents with SHFM and long bone deficiency. Mouse models suggest that a defect of the central apical ectodermal ridge leads to the phenotype. Although six different loci/mutations (SHFM1-6) have been associated with SHFM, the underlying cause in a large number of cases is still unresolved. Methods: High resolution array comparative genomic hybridisation (CGH) was performed in patients with SHFLD to detect copy number changes. Candidate genes were further evaluated for expression and function during limb development by whole mount in situ hybridisation and morpholino knock-down experiments. Results: Array CGH showed microduplications on chromosome 17p13.3, a locus previously associated with SHFLD. Detailed analysis of 17 families revealed that this copy number variation serves as a susceptibility factor for a highly variable phenotype with reduced penetrance, particularly in females. Compared to other known causes for SHFLD 17p duplications appear to be the most frequent cause of SHFLD. A ~11.8 kb minimal critical region was identified encompassing a single gene, BHLHA9, a putative basic loop helix transcription factor. Whole mount in situ hybridisation showed expression restricted to the limb bud mesenchyme underlying the apical ectodermal ridge in mouse and zebrafish embryos. Knock down of bhlha9 in zebrafish resulted in shortening of the pectoral fins. Conclusions: Genomic duplications encompassing BHLHA9 are associated with SHFLD and non-Mendelian inheritance characterised by a high degree of nonpenetrance with sex bias. Knock-down of bhlha9 in zebrafish causes severe reduction defects of the pectoral fin, indicating a role for this gene in limb development.

Fortina P.,Thomas Jefferson University | Fortina P.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Khaja N.A.,Dubai Medical College | Khaja N.A.,Center for Arab Genomic Studies | And 6 more authors.
Human Mutation | Year: 2014

The joint 5th Pan Arab Human Genetics conference and 2013 Golden Helix Symposium, "Genomics into Healthcare" was coorganized by the Center for Arab Genomic Studies (http://www.cags.org.ae) in collaboration with the Golden Helix Foundation (http://www.goldenhelix.org) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates from 17 to 19 November, 2013. The meeting was attended by over 900 participants, doctors and biomedical students from over 50 countries and was organized into a series of nine themed sessions that covered cancer genomics and epigenetics, genomic and epigenetic studies, genomics of blood and metabolic disorders, cytogenetic diagnosis and molecular profiling, next-generation sequencing, consanguinity and hereditary diseases, clinical genomics, clinical applications of pharmacogenomics, and genomics in public health. © 2014 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.

Saleh Al-Ali F.M.,Rashid Hospital | Ratnamala U.,Creighton University | Mehta T.Y.,Samarpan Medical and Research Organization on Skin | Naveed M.,Center for Arab Genomic Studies | And 8 more authors.
Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2010

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by swollen, painful, inflamed lesions in the axillae, groin, armpits and other parts of the body that contain apocrine glands. The aetiology of HS is unknown, and earlier reports indicate genetic locus responsible for this phenotype on chromosome 1p21.1-1q25.3, but no causative gene(s) have yet been identified. We studied two large multigeneration pedigrees (UR251 and UR252), in which the condition appeared to segregate as an autosomal dominant trait with 100% penetrance. No skipping of generations was observed in either family. Pedigrees consist of 96 individuals, including 25 affected individuals. Because of squamous cell carcinoma, a few deaths were reported in family UR0251. The locus on chromosome 1p21.1-1p25.3, known from previous studies is associated with HS, was excluded in both families by linkage and haplotype analyses. Further studies are in progress to identify the region that is associated with the phenotype in these families. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Bastaki F.,Latifa Hospital | Mohamed M.,Latifa Hospital | Nair P.,Center for Arab Genomic Studies | Saif F.,Latifa Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Probes | Year: 2015

The SOX18 gene encodes a transcription factor that plays a notable role in certain developmental contexts such as lymphangiogenesis, hair follicle development and vasculogenesis. SOX18 mutations are linked to recessive and dominant hypotrichosis-lymphedema-telangiectasia syndrome (HLTS). In this study we report on a novel heterozygous mutation in SOX18 in a Jordanian patient suffering from HLTS that was revealed by Whole Exome Sequencing. In this case, a frameshift caused by 14-nucleotide duplication in SOX18 appeared de novo resulting in a premature translational stop at the N-terminal region of the central trans-activation domain. Here we present the clinical manifestations of the above mentioned molecular lesion in the light of what is known from published SOX18 mutations. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Pratibha N.,Center for Arab Genomic Studies | Rezzak H.A.,Center for Arab Genomic Studies | Madiha M.,Latifa Hospital | Mustafa M.E.,Latifa Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Metabolic Brain Disease | Year: 2016

ECHS1 is a mitochondrial matrix enzyme that catalyzes an important step in the β-oxidation spiral of fatty acid catabolism, and individuals with mutations in the ECHS1 gene suffer from an autosomal recessive condition typified by delayed psychomotor development, mitochondrial encephalopathy, hypotonia, and cardiomyopathy. Here we report the first Arab case of ECHS1 Deficiency. The patient was born to consanguineous parents with all growth parameters being low for gestational age, and was persistently desaturated. Cord blood gas and later blood analysis showed severe metabolic acidosis. Tandem MS revealed increased levels of valine, and Leucine/Isoleucine and decreased level of Glutamine. There was also a large patent ductus arteriosus with right to left shunt and a possible small muscular ventricular septal defect. Whole Exome Sequencing revealed a novel homozygous missense mutation in the ECHS1 gene; c.842 A > G (p.Glu281Gly). In-silico analysis suggests that the residue affected by this mutation may be involved in an important functional or structural role. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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