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Huang J.,Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University | Dang R.,Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University | Torigoe D.,Hokkaido University | Torigoe D.,Center for Animal Resources and Development | And 5 more authors.
Gene | Year: 2016

Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is necessary for the migration of neural crest stem cells in the gut. However, mutations in GDNF per se are deemed neither necessary nor sufficient to cause Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). In a previous study, a modifier locus on chromosome 2 in rats carrying Ednrbsl mutations was identified, and several mutations in the putative regulatory region of the Gdnf gene in AGH-Ednrbsl rats were detected. Specifically, the mutation -232C>T has been shown to be strongly associated with the severity of HSCR. In the present study, the influence of genetic variations on the transcription of the Gdnf gene was tested using dual-luciferase assay. Results showed that the mutation -613C>T, located near the mutation -232C>T in AGH-Ednrbsl rats, decreased Gdnf transcription in an in vitro dual-luciferase expression assay. These data suggested an important role of -613C in Gdnf transcription. Expression levels of the Gdnf gene may modify the severity of HSCR in rats carrying Ednrbsl mutations. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..

Nakagata N.,Center for Animal Resources and Development | Takeo T.,Center for Animal Resources and Development | Fukumoto K.,Center for Animal Resources and Development | Haruguchi Y.,Center for Animal Resources and Development | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Reproduction and Development | Year: 2014

Sperm cryopreservation has been widely adopted for maintenance of the genetically engineered mouse (GEM). The cryopreserved sperm are being exchanged among many institutes worldwide. However, the recipients are not always able to obtain high fertilization rates with the frozen sperm shipped from senders. In this study, we cryopreserved mouse sperm via various methods and performed in vitro fertilization (IVF) in which the combination of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin for sperm preincubation and reduced glutathione for insemination was used (the MBCD-GSH IVF). In addition, frozen sperm sent from the Jackson Laboratory (USA) were thawed and used for IVF in the same manner. The fertilization rates of both the sperm cryopreserved via the methods applied in some countries and the cryopreserved GEM sperm improved when used with the MBCD-GSH IVF method. Therefore, we strongly believe that the MBCD-GSH IVF method brings about relatively high fertilization rates with any strain of frozen mouse sperm. © 2014 by the Society for Reproduction and Development.

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