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Soya R.,Tokyo Medical University | Taguchi J.,Center for Advanced Medical Science and Technology | Nagakawa Y.,Tokyo Medical University | Takahashi O.,Center for Advanced Medical Science and Technology | And 7 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy | Year: 2015

We hypothesized that a large number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may be isolated from samples obtained by using the leukapheresis procedures that are utilized to collect peripheral blood mononuclear cells for dendritic cell vaccine therapy. We utilized the CellSearch System to determine the number of CTCs in samples obtained by using leukapheresis in 7 patients with colorectal cancer, 5 patients with breast cancer, and 3 patients with gastric cancer. In all patients, a large number of CTCs were isolated. The mean number of CTCs per tumor was 17.1 (range 10-34) in colorectal cancer, 10.0 (range 2-27) in breast cancer, and 24.0 (range 2-42) in gastric cancer. We succeeded in culturing the isolated CTCs from 7 patients with colorectal cancer, 5 patients with breast cancer, and 3 patients with gastric cancer. In conclusion, compared to conventional methods, a large number of CTCs can be obtained by using leukapheresis procedures. The molecular analyses of the CTCs isolated by using this method should be promising in the development of personalized cancer treatments. Source

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