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Miyamoto A.,Center for Advanced Medical Science | Miyamoto A.,Iwate Medical University | Akasaka K.,Center for Advanced Medical Science | Akasaka K.,Iwate Medical University | And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Dermatopathology | Year: 2010

Metastatic extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a potentially fatal malignancy for which effective chemotherapy and good biomarkers are desirable for management. We investigated the status of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) and neuronal β-tubulin isotype (class III β-tubulin; TUBB3), whose overexpression is a factor involved in resistance of tumor cells to taxane derivatives) in 32 patients with EMPD. HER2 status was evaluated by immunohistochemistry followed by fluorescence in situ hybridization, and TUBB3 status was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. On the basis of the US Food and Drug Administration-approved criteria, 20 (63%) of the 32 EMPD tumors were found to overexpress HER2. Positive immunoreactivity for TUBB3 was observed in 7 (22%) of the 32 patients. Although some clinicopathologic variables (nodule formation, depth of tumor cells, presence of lymph node metastasis, and serum carcinoembryonic antigen level) were significantly associated with disease outcome (P < 0.05), HER2 gain or aberrant TUBB3 expression showed no significant correlation. However, the higher incidence of HER2 gain and the relatively lower incidence of aberrant TUBB3 expression suggested that HER2-targeted immunotherapy combined with taxane derivatives is warranted for metastatic EMPD, and that HER2 and TUBB3 status might be a good biomarker for determining the most appropriate therapeutic modality. © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Tsunoda K.,Center for Advanced Medical Science | Tsunoda K.,Iwate Medical University | Oikawa H.,Iwate Medical University | Tada H.,Center for Advanced Medical Science | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology | Year: 2011

We investigated the prognostic significance and post-transcriptional acetylation-modification of cortactin (CTTN) via the nucleus accumbens-associated 1 (NACC1)-histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) deacetylation system in primary melanomas and melanoma cell lines. Overexpression of CTTN protein was observed in 56 (73%) of 77 stage I-IV melanomas, and was significantly correlated with tumor thickness, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and disease outcome. The patients whose tumors exhibited CTTN overexpression had a poorer outcome than patients without this feature (P0.028, log-rank test). NACC1 and CTTN proteins, but not HDAC6, were overexpressed in four melanoma cell lines in comparison with a primary culture of normal human epidermal melanocytes. Knockdown of both NACC1 and HDAC6 markedly downregulated the migration activity of all melanoma cell lines (P0.05), and induced a gain of CTTN protein acetylation status. Confocal microscopy showed that hyperacetylation of CTTN modulated by depletion of both NACC1 and HDAC6 induced disappearance of CTTN protein at the leading edge of migrating cells, resulting in stabilization of the focal adhesion structure and development of actin stress fibers. These data suggest that the acetylation status of CTTN modulated by the NACC1-HDAC6 deacetylation system induces acceleration of melanoma cell migration activity via an actin-dependent cellular process, possibly contributing to aggressive behavior (invasion/metastasis) of the melanoma cells. © 2011 The Society for Investigative Dermatology.

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