Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd

Corbeil-Essonnes, France

Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd

Corbeil-Essonnes, France
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Franc S.,Sud Francilien Hospital Center | Franc S.,Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd | Dardari D.,Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd | Biedzinski M.,Sud Francilien Hospital Center | And 6 more authors.
Diabetes and Metabolism | Year: 2012

Aim: For patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) using multiple insulin injections (MII), there are currently no guidelines for insulin dose adjustments in the event of physical activity (PA) and no simple algorithms that can be applied directly. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the relevance of simple algorithms based on assessments of PA intensity by T1D patients themselves. Methods: This 4-month observational study was conducted in 35 patients using the Diabeo software system. Algorithms for insulin dose adjustments aimed to reduce the insulin dose of the meal closest to PA by 30 and 50% for moderate and intense PA, respectively. A 50% reduction plus extra carbohydrates was proposed for intense PA of long duration. These algorithms were entered into the Diabeo system. Results: The mean blood glucose (BG) profile in the event of PA (n=151 triple BG values) was compared with that when no PA was performed (n=3606). The initial mean FBG values were similar in both groups (7.58 ± 2.70. mmol/L vs. 7.80 ± 3.49. mmol/L; P=0.36), whereas there was a slight, but significant, increase in 2-hours postprandial BG (PPBG) values related to PA, with a return to similar values before the next meal. The incidence of mild hypoglycaemia was similar, whether PA was undertaken or not, for the 2-hour PPBG and the next fasting/premeal glucose values. Conclusion: This appears to be a pragmatic and efficient method for T1D patients using MII to adjust insulin doses in the event of PA that only requires an assessment of PA intensity by the patients themselves to anticipate the magnitude of the reduction in insulin doses. © 2012.


Franc S.,Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd | Franc S.,Sud Francilien Hospital | Daoudi A.,Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd | Mounier S.,Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd | And 8 more authors.
Diabetes and Metabolism | Year: 2011

Health authorities currently have high expectations for telemedicine (TM), as it addresses several major challenges: to improve access to healthcare (especially for patients in underserved or remote areas); to overcome the scarcity of specialists faced with epidemic disease; and to reduce the costs of healthcare while improving quality. The aims of TM in the field of diabetes differ according to the type of diabetes. In type 1 diabetes (T1DM) associated with complex insulin regimens, the goal of TM is to help patients achieve better control of their blood glucose levels through accurate adjustment of insulin doses. In type 2 diabetes (T2DM), while therapeutic adjustments may be necessary, improvement in blood glucose control is based primarily on behavioural changes (reduced calorie and carbohydrate intakes, increased physical activity). Many TM studies focusing on management of blood glucose levels have been published, but most failed to demonstrate any superiority of TM vs traditional care. While previously published meta-analyses have shown a slight advantage at best for TM, these meta-analyses included a mix of studies of varying durations and different populations (both T1DM and T2DM patients, adults and children), and tested systems of inconsistent quality. Studies published to date on TM suggest two currently promising approaches. First, handheld communicating devices, such as smartphones, loaded with software to apply physicians' prescriptions, have been shown to improve glycaemic control. These systems provide immediate assistance to the patient (such as insulin-dose calculation and food choice optimization at meals), and all data stored in the smartphone can be transmitted to authorized caregivers, enabling remote monitoring and even teleconsultation. These systems, initially developed for T1DM, appear to offer many possibilities for T2DM, too. Second, systems combining an interactive Internet system (or a mobile phone coupled to a remote server) with a system of communication between the healthcare provider and the patient by e-mail, texting or phone calls have also shown certain benefits for glycaemic control. These systems, primarily aimed at T2DM patients, generally provide motivational support as well. Although the individual benefits of these systems for glycaemic control are fewer than with smartphones, their widespread use should be of particular value for overcoming the relative shortage of doctors and reducing the health costs associated with a disease of such epidemic proportions. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS.


Franc S.,Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd | Franc S.,Sud Francilien Hospital | Daoudi A.,Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd | Mounier S.,Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd | And 9 more authors.
Diabetes and Metabolism | Year: 2011

The Health Authorities have huge expectations of telemedicine (TM): improved patient access to healthcare, a solution to the shortage of doctors in the face of an exponentially expanding disease, and reduced healthcare costs with improved quality. There are a host of applications for TM in the area of diabetes. TM has been validated and has been widely used to screen for diabetic retinopathy, and a number of studies are currently underway for the follow-up of diabetic foot ulcers. However, the main indication of TM remains the follow-up and control of blood glucose. In this area, many studies have been conducted to improve glycaemic control. While most of these studies have failed to show any benefits vs. conventional care, a small number have demonstrated great efficacy of this approach with regard to glycaemia. Using these studies, we attempt to define the key qualities of a successful TM system. How can we extend the results of these experiments beyond the framework of clinical studies and integrate them in daily practice so as to improve diabetes management? This is the key challenge for TM, implementation of which will require reorganization of healthcare, given the evolution of medical demographics. This reorganization will involve healthcare providers specialized in diabetes that may intervene in assigning physicians for especially distressed patients. However, such reorganization will require medico-economic evaluation before it can be implemented on a larger scale. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS.


PubMed | Center Detudes Et Of Recherche Pour Lintensification Du Traitement Du Diabete Ceritd
Type: | Journal: Diabetes & metabolism | Year: 2012

The Health Authorities have huge expectations of telemedicine (TM): improved patient access to healthcare, a solution to the shortage of doctors in the face of an exponentially expanding disease, and reduced healthcare costs with improved quality. There are a host of applications for TM in the area of diabetes. TM has been validated and has been widely used to screen for diabetic retinopathy, and a number of studies are currently underway for the follow-up of diabetic foot ulcers. However, the main indication of TM remains the follow-up and control of blood glucose. In this area, many studies have been conducted to improve glycaemic control. While most of these studies have failed to show any benefits vs. conventional care, a small number have demonstrated great efficacy of this approach with regard to glycaemia. Using these studies, we attempt to define the key qualities of a successful TM system. How can we extend the results of these experiments beyond the framework of clinical studies and integrate them in daily practice so as to improve diabetes management? This is the key challenge for TM, implementation of which will require reorganization of healthcare, given the evolution of medical demographics. This reorganization will involve healthcare providers specialized in diabetes that may intervene in assigning physicians for especially distressed patients. However, such reorganization will require medico-economic evaluation before it can be implemented on a larger scale.

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