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Recent research has stressed the importance of families in understanding contemporary patterns of international migration and the strengthening of transnational family bonds. In spite of this, there is a need for a quantitative assessment of the family circumstances upon entry and after arrival. In this paper, we analyze union formation and propose a framework of the pathways in which migrants in Spain are classified according to their union status before, during and after migration. Logistic regression is used to analyze data from the National Immigration Survey (2007) for 15,384 international migrants. Results show that age at migration, sex and origin account for most differences in migrants' pathways to union formation. When controlling for age at migration and other socioeconomic traits, women are more likely than men to be in union at the time of migration and to take part in a family-related migration. African immigrants show the highest differences between men and women in family migration patterns while there are almost no differences by sex among Latin Americans and Europeans. Differences by region of origin appear when examining the likelihoods of joint migration and second spouse regrouping.

PubMed | University of Minnesota and Center dEstudis Demografics
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Population, space and place | Year: 2015

Anthropometrics have been widely used to study the influence of environmental factors on health and nutritional status. In contrast, anthropometric geography has not often been employed to approximate the dynamics of spatial disparities associated with socioeconomic and demographic changes. Spain exhibited intense disparity and change during the middle decades of the 20

Fernandez-Carro C.,Center Destudis Demografics | Modenes J.A.,Center Destudis Demografics | Spijker J.,Center Destudis Demografics
European Journal of Ageing | Year: 2015

Although there is an extensive body of literature on the use of residential satisfaction to measure the impact of housing conditions on well-being in later life, less is known about differences and similarities between sub-populations and national contexts. By means of a cross-European analysis (EU15), this study aims to examine how objective and subjective factors of living conditions shape the perceptions of older Europeans about the adequacy of their residential environment. Two patterns of housing quality are explored: (1) international heterogeneity of the EU15 countries, and (2) intra-national heterogeneity, where we distinguish between households at risk of poverty and those not at risk in the elderly population of these countries. Data were drawn from the 2007 wave of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions survey, providing a sample of more than 58,000 individuals aged 65 years and older. The housing characteristics surveyed were reduced using tetrachoric correlations in a principal component analysis. The resulting predictors, as well as control variables (including gender, age, health status and tenure), are assessed using multiple linear regression analysis to explore their association with a high or low level of residential satisfaction. Despite a generally positive assessment by older Europeans of their living space, major geographic and household income differences existed in the factors that explained residential satisfaction. Identifying factors associated with residential satisfaction in different household income groups and national contexts may facilitate the development of EU policies that attempt to make ‘ageing in place’ a viable and suitable option for older Europeans. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Guma J.,Center Destudis Demografics | Camara A.D.,Center Destudis Demografics | Trevino R.,Center Destudis Demografics
European Journal of Ageing | Year: 2015

The association between health and partnership status is a growing concern within the social sciences. Some partnership situations exhibit positive effects on health, while partnership breakdowns display negative impacts. However, case studies show that these associations may change with age, due to potential sources of heterogeneity within a population. The current analysis explored this association over the adult life course (ages 30–64) of Europeans aged 50 years and older based on retrospective information on health and partnership from SHARELIFE (N = 23,535 after data screening). The data allowed us to control for socio-demographic covariates as well as for individual infirmity, measured by childhood health. We also considered contextual survival selection effects by comparing 13 European countries for which pre-adult mortality levels largely differed among the cohorts involved (1907–1958). Discrete-time hazard analyses examined the risk of suffering from a major episode of poor health (self-reported) in adulthood as a function of partnership history, using two approaches: a pooled model and country-specific models. The results revealed no differences between those who lived with a partner (first union) and single individuals in terms of the retrospective hazards of poor health. We hypothesize that this result stems from the cumulative effect of survival selection on individuals in advanced ages according to partnership status. The results also partially point to the plausibility of a contextual survival selection, which should be confirmed by further research based on additional health indicators. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Falcon D.L.,Center dEstudis Demografics
Documents d'Analisi Geografica | Year: 2011

From the beginning of the 21st Century, Catalonia has consolidated its position as an international migration attraction node in southern Europe. As a result, at January 1st, 2010, 15.9% of the Catalan population (1'193,283 persons) was of foreign origin. The massive foreign population in-flows and the growing debate on the quality of education have led to focus the attention on the mechanisms of integration and distribution of foreign origin students. The paper's aim is to present a first approach to the scientific literature on education and international migration in Catalonia on three main fields: access to education and academic performance; school segregation; and, finally, academic trajectories and longitudinal studies.

Franch X.,Center dEstudis Demografics | Domingo A.,Center dEstudis Demografics | Sabater A.,Center dEstudis Demografics
Documents d'Analisi Geografica | Year: 2011

Since 2006, Spain has been applying a new procedure to control illegal immigrants. Instead of massive and extraordinary regularisations, they have now installed a new permanent and personal procedure. Through this new model, called rooting (arraigo) and processed by Provincial Governmental sub-delegations, irregular migrants can obtain temporary residence permits if they can prove Social, Family or Labour rooting or by other extraordinary circumstances. These administrative data, collecting basic sociodemographic information on the person asking the permit and their residential situation, have never been exploited, due to, among others, the lack of harmonisation between provinces. However, results from a demographic analysis allow, on the one hand, to know the sociodemographic characteristics of those asking these permits and therefore to individual and national profiles, and on the other, to develop spatial studies of the phenomenon, that is to say, to analyse changes in municipal demand. The present paper focuses on how rooting has changed in municipalities belonging to the province of Barcelona. Series from Governmental sub delegation in Barcelona going from the beginning of this system in 2006 to the end of 2009 have been used for the analysis.

This paper analyses interactions between fertility and migration using 2007 data on foreign populations living in the Spanish region of Catalonia. By interactions we do not only understand the effects of the migratory movements on reproductive behaviours, but also that fertility behaviour at place of origin can also have an impact on the migration process. In order to study these interactions, we choose to take all migrants' reproductive life of into consideration, that is to say, to examine all the time before and after the main migratory event. We use a retrospective survey with complete reproductive biographies, both for native-born and women born abroad. Age specific fertility rates and duration of stay specific risks of birth have been calculated. Results are analyzed taking into account age at migration, continent of origin and union status at time of migration.

Esteve A.,Center dEstudis Demografics | McCaa R.,Minnesota Population Center | Lopez L.A.,University of Costa Rica
Population Research and Policy Review | Year: 2013

The explosive expansion of non-marital cohabitation in Latin America since the 1970s has led to the narrowing of the gap in educational homogamy between married and cohabiting couples (what we call "homogamy gap") as shown by our analysis of 29 census samples encompassing eight countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, and Panama (N = 2,295,160 young couples). Most research on the homogamy gap is limited to a single decade and a small group of developed countries (the United States, Canada, and Europe). We take a historical and cross-national perspective and expand the research to a range of developing countries, where since early colonial times, traditional forms of cohabitation among the poor, uneducated sectors of society have coexisted with marriage, although to widely varying degrees from country to country. In recent decades, cohabitation is emerging in all sectors of society. We find that among married couples, educational homogamy continues to be higher than for those who cohabit, but in recent decades, the difference has narrowed substantially in all countries. We argue that assortative mating between cohabiting and married couples tends to be similar when the contexts in which they are formed are also increasingly similar. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Carrasco J.B.I.,University of Barcelona | Gay A.L.,Center dEstudis Demografics
Documents d'Analisi Geografica | Year: 2011

Three aspects of foreigners' residential mobility in the city of Barcelona are studied in this paper: territorial concentration, segregation and residential change within the metropolitan region. To obtain a global view, these three elements are followed for a decade. Several data bases, specifying the behaviour of major nationalities, are used. Results firstly show that foreigners are gradually moving out of the historical centre and into the periphery. Secondly, that there is a strong intra-metropolitan mobility, particularly so in the municipalities nearest to the central city. Finally, as foreigners are more widely distributed throughout the territory, they are also becoming less segregated.

PubMed | Center dEstudis Demografics, Minnesota Population Center and Center dEstudis Demograrics
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Population research and policy review | Year: 2014

The explosive expansion of non-marital cohabitation in Latin America since the 1970s has led to the narrowing of the gap in educational homogamy between married and cohabiting couples (what we call homogamy gap) as shown by our analysis of 29 census samples encompassing eight countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico and Panama (

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