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Vidal E.,University Pompeu Fabra | Vono D.,Center dEstudis Demografics
Documents d'Analisi Geografica | Year: 2011

The increasing number of female immigrants in Spain made the introduction of the gender perspective in its analysis necessary. This paper quotes the main scientific contributions to the study of immigrant women and, more specifically, in their insertion in the Spanish Labour Market. Demand of female workers for the domestic service, is identified by most of the authors, as the most important cause of arrival of non-communitarian women. Therefore, it would be part of the internationalization of the social reproduction process. Differences between activity trends and labour positions indicate that there is socio-demographic complementarity between the immigrant and the native female labour force The next pages summarize the most notorious study on immigrant women's labour mobility from domestic service to other activities. Source

Recent research has stressed the importance of families in understanding contemporary patterns of international migration and the strengthening of transnational family bonds. In spite of this, there is a need for a quantitative assessment of the family circumstances upon entry and after arrival. In this paper, we analyze union formation and propose a framework of the pathways in which migrants in Spain are classified according to their union status before, during and after migration. Logistic regression is used to analyze data from the National Immigration Survey (2007) for 15,384 international migrants. Results show that age at migration, sex and origin account for most differences in migrants' pathways to union formation. When controlling for age at migration and other socioeconomic traits, women are more likely than men to be in union at the time of migration and to take part in a family-related migration. African immigrants show the highest differences between men and women in family migration patterns while there are almost no differences by sex among Latin Americans and Europeans. Differences by region of origin appear when examining the likelihoods of joint migration and second spouse regrouping. Source

Carrasco J.B.I.,University of Barcelona | Gay A.L.,Center dEstudis Demografics
Documents d'Analisi Geografica | Year: 2011

Three aspects of foreigners' residential mobility in the city of Barcelona are studied in this paper: territorial concentration, segregation and residential change within the metropolitan region. To obtain a global view, these three elements are followed for a decade. Several data bases, specifying the behaviour of major nationalities, are used. Results firstly show that foreigners are gradually moving out of the historical centre and into the periphery. Secondly, that there is a strong intra-metropolitan mobility, particularly so in the municipalities nearest to the central city. Finally, as foreigners are more widely distributed throughout the territory, they are also becoming less segregated. Source

Falcon D.L.,Center dEstudis Demografics
Documents d'Analisi Geografica | Year: 2011

From the beginning of the 21st Century, Catalonia has consolidated its position as an international migration attraction node in southern Europe. As a result, at January 1st, 2010, 15.9% of the Catalan population (1'193,283 persons) was of foreign origin. The massive foreign population in-flows and the growing debate on the quality of education have led to focus the attention on the mechanisms of integration and distribution of foreign origin students. The paper's aim is to present a first approach to the scientific literature on education and international migration in Catalonia on three main fields: access to education and academic performance; school segregation; and, finally, academic trajectories and longitudinal studies. Source

Esteve A.,Center dEstudis Demografics | McCaa R.,Minnesota Population Center | Lopez L.A.,University of Costa Rica
Population Research and Policy Review | Year: 2013

The explosive expansion of non-marital cohabitation in Latin America since the 1970s has led to the narrowing of the gap in educational homogamy between married and cohabiting couples (what we call "homogamy gap") as shown by our analysis of 29 census samples encompassing eight countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, and Panama (N = 2,295,160 young couples). Most research on the homogamy gap is limited to a single decade and a small group of developed countries (the United States, Canada, and Europe). We take a historical and cross-national perspective and expand the research to a range of developing countries, where since early colonial times, traditional forms of cohabitation among the poor, uneducated sectors of society have coexisted with marriage, although to widely varying degrees from country to country. In recent decades, cohabitation is emerging in all sectors of society. We find that among married couples, educational homogamy continues to be higher than for those who cohabit, but in recent decades, the difference has narrowed substantially in all countries. We argue that assortative mating between cohabiting and married couples tends to be similar when the contexts in which they are formed are also increasingly similar. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

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