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Nibou D.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Mekatel H.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Amokrane S.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene | Barkat M.,Center de Recherche Nucleaire de Draria | Trari M.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2010

The adsorption of Zn2+ onto NaA and NaX zeolites was investigated. The samples were synthesized according to a hydrothermal crystallization using aluminium isopropoxide (Al[OCH(CH3)2]3) as a new alumina source. The effects of pH, initial concentration, solid/liquid ratio and temperature were studied in batch experiments. The Freundlich and the Langmuir models were applied and the adsorption equilibrium followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The uptake distribution coefficient (Kd) indicated that the Zn2+ removal was the highest at minimum concentration. Thermodynamic parameters were calculated. The negative values of standard enthalpy of adsorption revealed the exothermic nature of the adsorption process whereas the negative activation entropies reflected that no significant change occurs in the internal structure of the zeolites solid matrix during the sorption of Zn2+. The negative values of Gibbs free energy were indicative of the spontaneity of the adsorption process. Analysis of the kinetic and rate data revealed that the pseudo second-order sorption mechanism is predominant and the intra particle diffusion was the determining step for the sorption of zinc ions. The obtained optimal parameters have been applied to wastewater from the industrial zone (Algeria) in order to remove the contained zinc effluents. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Hamidouche T.,Center de Recherche Nucleaire de Draria | Si-Ahmed E.-K.,Sudan University of Science and Technology
Progress in Nuclear Energy | Year: 2011

In MTR research reactors, heat removal is, safely performed by forced convection during normal operation and by natural convection after reactor shutdown for residual decay heat removal. However, according to the duration time of operation at full power, it may be required to maintain the forced convection, for a certain period of time after the reactor shutdown. This is among the general requirements for the overall safety engineering features of MTR research reactors to ensure a safe residual heat removal. For instance, in safety analysis of research reactors, initiating events that may challenge the safe removal of residual heat must be identified and analyzed. In the present work, it was assumed a total loss of coolant accident in a typical MTR nuclear research reactor with the objective of examining the core behavior and the occurrence of any fuel damage. For this purpose, the IAEA 10 MW benchmark core, which is a representative of medium power pool type MTR research reactors, was chosen herein in order to investigate the evolution of cladding temperature through the use of a best estimate thermalhydraulic system code RELAP5/mod3.2. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Izerrouken M.,Center de Recherche Nucleaire de Draria | Benyahia T.,University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms | Year: 2010

Colour centers formation in Al2O3 by reactor neutrons were investigated by optical measurements (absorption and photoluminescence). The irradiation's were performed at 40 °C, up to fast neutron (En > 1.2 MeV) fluence of 1.4 × 1018 n cm-2. After irradiation the coloration of the sample increases with the neutron fluence and absorption band at about 203, 255, 300, 357 and 450 nm appear in the UV-visible spectrum. The evolution of each absorption bands as a function of fluence and annealing temperature is presented and discussed. The results indicate that at higher fluence and above 350 °C the F+ center starts to aggregate to F center clusters (F2, F2+ and F22+). These aggregates disappear completely above 650 °C whereas the F and F + centers persist even after annealing at 900 °C. It is clear also from the results that the absorption band at 300 nm is due to the contribution of both F2 center and interstitial Ali+ ions. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Boukraa S.,Blida University | Hassani S.,Center de Recherche Nucleaire de Draria | Maillard J.-M.,CNRS Laboratory of Theoretical Physics and Condensed Matter
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical | Year: 2012

Focusing on examples associated with holonomic functions, we try to bring new ideas on how to look at phase transitions, for which the critical manifolds are not points but curves depending on a spectral variable, or even fill higher dimensional submanifolds. Lattice statistical mechanics often provides a natural (holonomic) framework to perform singularity analysis with several complex variables that would, in the most general mathematical framework, be too complex, or simply could not be defined. In a learn-by-example approach, considering several Picard-Fuchs systems of two-variables 'above' Calabi-Yau ODEs, associated with double hypergeometric series, we show that D-finite (holonomic) functions are actually a good framework for finding properly the singular manifolds. The singular manifolds are found to be genus-zero curves. We then analyze the singular algebraic varieties of quite important holonomic functions of lattice statistical mechanics, the n-fold integrals χ (n), corresponding to the n-particle decomposition of the magnetic susceptibility of the anisotropic square Ising model. In this anisotropic case, we revisit a set of so-called Nickelian singularities that turns out to be a two-parameter family of elliptic curves. We then find the first set of non-Nickelian singularities for χ (3) and χ (4), that also turns out to be rational or elliptic curves. We underline the fact that these singular curves depend on the anisotropy of the Ising model, or, equivalently, that they depend on the spectral parameter of the model. This has important consequences on the physical nature of the anisotropic χ (n)s which appear to be highly composite objects. We address, from a birational viewpoint, the emergence of families of elliptic curves, and that of Calabi-Yau manifolds on such problems. We also address the question of singularities of non-holonomic functions with a discussion on the accumulation of these singular curves for the non-holonomic anisotropic full susceptibility χ. This article is part of 'Lattice models and integrability', a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical in honour of F Y Wu's 80th birthday. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source


Hamidouche T.,Center de Recherche Nucleaire de Draria | Bousbia-Salah A.,University of Pisa
Nuclear Engineering and Design | Year: 2010

The current study emphasizes an aspect related to the assessment of a model embedded in a computer code. The study concerns more particularly the point neutron kinetics model of the RELAP5/Mod3 code which is worldwide used. The model is assessed against positive reactivity insertion transient taking into account calculations involving thermal-hydraulic feedback as well as transients with no feedback effects. It was concluded that the RELAP5 point kinetics model provides unphysical power evolution trends due most probably to a bug during the programming process. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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