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Vivier P.-H.,Service de radiologie | Vivier P.-H.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Dolores M.,Service de radiologie | Le Cloirec J.,Center cquerel | And 6 more authors.
Journal de Radiologie | Year: 2011

The kidney performs multiple functions. Glomerular filtration is the most studied of these functions. In clinical practice, the surgical indication for patients with unilateral uropathy is frequently based on the split renal function as demonstrated by scintigraphy. MRI is not yet validated as a technique but nonetheless offers an interesting non-radiating alternative to achieve both morphological and functional renal evaluation. Recent pulse sequences such as diffusion, arterial spin labeling, and blood oxygenation dependent imaging may also provide additional information. CT and US remain of limited value for the evaluation of renal function. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS and Éditions françaises de radiologie. All rights reserved. Source

Chapiro E.,University Paris - Sud | Chapiro E.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Leporrier N.,Caen University Hospital Center | Radford-Weiss I.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 21 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2010

Using array-based CGH, we identified 2p gain in 22/78 (28%) untreated Binet stages B/C CLL, which was the second most frequent copy number change after 13q deletion. It never occurred as a sole abnormality and was associated with other changes (6q deletion; 1p gain). The region of 2p gain frequently included two oncogenes, REL and MYCN. All patients with gain of REL were unmutated for IGHV (p = 0.03). Gain of MYCN was associated with increased mRNA expression (p = 0.005), suggesting a pathogenic role for MYCN. Gain of 2p appears to be a marker of progression and may contribute to the poor prognosis. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Sebaa A.,University of Paris 13 | Sebaa A.,University Djilali Liabes | Ades L.,University of Paris 13 | Baran-Marzack F.,University of Paris 13 | And 9 more authors.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer | Year: 2012

TP53 mutations are frequent in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with complex karyotype that include del(5q) and are often associated with deletion of 17p. They have also recently been observed in MDS with isolated del(5q). We assessed the incidence of 17p deletion detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and of TP53 mutations detected by direct sequencing and their correlation and prognostic value in 26 MDS and 17 AML with del(5q). In the 20 cases with isolated del(5q) or one additional abnormality, no 17p deletion was found and 3 of the 18 cases analyzed (17%) had TP53 mutation. In the 23 patients with complex karyotype, 17p deletion was suspected by conventional cytogenetics in 15 cases and confirmed by FISH in 10 of them, while TP53 mutation was found in 8 of the 15 patients tested (53%), only five of whom had 17p deletion. In the whole patient series, TP53 mutations were associated with shorter survival (P = 0.07). We confirm the existence of TP53 mutations in 17% of MDS with isolated del(5q). In patients with del(5q) and complex karyotype, FISH and direct sequencing are complementary techniques to analyze TP53 abnormalities. Our findings also suggest that sequencing of the TP53 gene should be included in the study of patients with del(5q) as a single abnormality or in complex karyotype before lenalidomide treatment. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Becker S.,Center rquis | Becker S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Becker S.,European University of Brittany | Becker S.,Center cquerel | And 21 more authors.
Nuclear Medicine and Biology | Year: 2010

Introduction: Lipiodol is used as a vector for chemoembolization or internal radiotherapy in unresectable hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). The aim of this study is to improve the tumoral uptake of Lipiodol by modulating membrane fluidizing agents to optimize the effectiveness of Lipiodol vectorized therapy. Methods: The effect of dexamethasone and tamoxifen on membrane fluidity was studied in vitro by electron paramagnetic resonance applied to rat hepatocarcinoma cell line N1S1.The tumoral uptake of Lipiodol was studied in vivo on rats with HCC, which had been previously treated by dexamethasone and/or tamoxifen, after intra-arterial administration of 99mTc-SSS-Lipiodol. Results: The two molecules studied here exhibit a fluidizing effect in vitro which appears dependent on time and dose, with a maximum fluidity obtained after 1 hr at concentrations of 20 μM for dexamethasone and 200 nM for tamoxifen. In vivo, while the use of dexamethasone or tamoxifen alone tends to lead to increased tumoral uptake of Lipiodol, this effect does not reach levels of significance. On the other hand, there is a significant increase in the tumoral uptake of 99mTc-SSS-Lipiodol in rats pretreated by both dexamethasone and tamoxifen, with a tumoral uptake (expressed in % of injected activity per g of tumor) of 13.57±3.65% after treatment, as against 9.45±4.44% without treatment (P<.05). Conclusions: Dexamethasone and tamoxifen fluidify the N1S1 cells membrane, leading to an increase in the tumoral uptake of Lipiodol. These drugs could be combined with chemo-Lipiodol-embolization or radiolabeled Lipiodol, with a view to improving the effectiveness of HCCs therapy. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. Source

Rose C.,Lille Catholic University | Brechignac S.,University of Paris 13 | Vassilief D.,Service dhematologie | Pascal L.,Lille Catholic University | And 10 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2010

Background: Iron chelation therapy (CT) improves survival in thalassemia major but its beneficial effects on survival in MDS patients remain uncertain. Methods: We analyzed, by multivariate analysis, survival and causes of deaths in 97 low or intermediate 1 IPSS patients regularly transfused as outpatients, chelated or not, who were included during a month period and followed for 2.5 years. Results: 44 (45%) of patients were not chelated and 53 (55%) received CT, mainly with deferoxamine, for at least 6 months (median duration of chelation 36 months, range 6-131+). During the follow-up period, 66 of the 97 patients died, including 51% and 73% of chelated and non-chelated patients, respectively. Median overall survival was 53 months and 124 months in non-chelated and in chelated patients (p<0.0003). Causes of death did not significantly differ between the two groups (p=0.51). In multivariate Cox analysis, adequate chelation was the strongest independent factor associated with better OS. Conclusion: Iron chelation therapy appears to improve survival in heavily transfused lower risk MDS, but prospective randomized studies are required to confirm our findings, and to determine more precisely the mechanisms of this potential survival benefit. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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