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Toulouse, France

Romieu G.,Val dAurell Paul Lamarque Center | Campone M.,West Cancer Institute | Dieras V.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Cropet C.,Biostatistics and Treatment Evaluation Unit | And 11 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: Brain metastases occur in 30-50% of patients with metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. In the case of diffuse brain metastases, treatment is based on whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT). Few systemic options are available. We aimed to investigate the combination of lapatinib plus capecitabine for the treatment of previously untreated brain metastases from HER2-positive breast cancer. Methods: In this single-arm phase 2, open-label, multicentre study, eligible patients had HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer with brain metastases not previously treated with WBRT, capecitabine, or lapatinib. Tretament was given in 21 day cycles: patients received lapatinib (1250 mg, orally) every day and capecitabine (2000 mg/m2, orally) from day 1 to day 14. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with an objective CNS response, defined as a 50% or greater volumetric reduction of CNS lesions in the absence of increased steroid use, progressive neurological symptoms, and progressive extra-CNS disease. All responses had to be confirmed 4 weeks after initial response. Efficacy analyses included all patients who received the study drugs and were assessable for efficacy criteria. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00967031. Findings: Between April 15, 2009, to Aug 2, 2010, we enrolled 45 patients, 44 (98%) of whom were assessable for efficacy, with a median follow-up of 21·2 months (range 2·2-27·6). 29 patients had an objective CNS response (65·9%, 95% CI 50·1-79·5); all were partial responses. Of all 45 treated patients, 22 (49%) had grade 3 or grade 4 treatment-related adverse events, of which the most common were diarrhoea in nine (20%) patients and hand-foot syndrome in nine (20%) patients. 14 (31%) patients had at least one severe adverse event; treatment was discontinued because of toxicity in four patients. No toxic deaths occurred. Interpretation: The combination of lapatinib and capecitabine is active as first-line treatment of brain metastases from HER2-positive breast cancer. A phase 3 trial is warranted. Funding: GlaxoSmithKline-France and UNICANCER. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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