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Perren T.J.,St James's Hospital | Swart A.M.,University College London | Pfisterer J.,Stadtischen Klinikum Solingen | Ledermann J.A.,University College London | And 23 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2011

Background: Angiogenesis plays a role in the biology of ovarian cancer. We examined the effect of bevacizumab, the vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor, on survival in women with this disease. Methods: We randomly assigned women with ovarian cancer to carboplatin (area under the curve, 5 or 6) and paclitaxel (175 mg per square meter of body-surface area), given every 3 weeks for 6 cycles, or to this regimen plus bevacizumab (7.5 mg per kilogram of body weight), given concurrently every 3 weeks for 5 or 6 cycles and continued for 12 additional cycles or until progression of disease. Outcome measures included progressionfree survival, first analyzed per protocol and then updated, and interim overall survival. Results: A total of 1528 women from 11 countries were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment regimens. Their median age was 57 years; 90% had epithelial ovarian cancer, 69% had a serous histologic type, 9% had high-risk early-stage disease, 30% were at high risk for progression, and 70% had stage IIIC or IV ovarian cancer. Progression-free survival (restricted mean) at 36 months was 20.3 months with standard therapy, as compared with 21.8 months with standard therapy plus bevacizumab (hazard ratio for progression or death with bevacizumab added, 0.81; 95% confidence interval, 0.70 to 0.94; P = 0.004 by the log-rank test). Nonproportional hazards were detected (i.e., the treatment effect was not consistent over time on the hazard function scale) (P<0.001), with a maximum effect at 12 months, coinciding with the end of planned bevacizumab treatment and diminishing by 24 months. Bevacizumab was associated with more toxic effects (most often hypertension of grade 2 or higher) (18%, vs. 2% with chemotherapy alone). In the updated analyses, progression-free survival (restricted mean) at 42 months was 22.4 months without bevacizumab versus 24.1 months with bevacizumab (P = 0.04 by log-rank test); in patients at high risk for progression, the benefit was greater with bevacizumab than without it, with progression-free survival (restricted mean) at 42 months of 14.5 months with standard therapy alone and 18.1 months with bevacizumab added, with respective median overall survival of 28.8 and 36.6 months. Conclusions: Bevacizumab improved progression-free survival in women with ovarian cancer. The benefits with respect to both progression-free and overall survival were greater among those at high risk for disease progression. (Funded by Roche and others; ICON7 Controlled-Trials.com number, ISRCTN91273375.) Copyright © 2011 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.


Pivot X.,University Hospital njoz | Romieu G.,Center Val dAurelle | Debled M.,Institute Bergonie | Pierga J.-Y.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 16 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: Since 2005, 12 months of adjuvant trastuzumab has been the standard treatment for patients with HER2-positive early-stage breast cancer. However, the optimum duration of treatment has been debated. We did a non-inferiority trial of a shorter exposure of 6 months versus the standard 12 months of trastuzumab for patients with early breast cancer. Methods: We did an open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial in 156 centres in France. Patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer who had received at least four cycles of chemotherapy, had breast-axillary surgery, and had received up to 6 months of trastuzumab (administered by intravenous infusions over 30-90 min every 3 weeks; initial loading dose 8 mg/kg; 6 mg/kg thereafter) before randomisation were eligible. Patients were randomly assigned via central randomisation procedure with web-based software to continue trastuzumab for another 6 months (12 months total duration; control group) or to discontinue trastuzumab at 6 months (6 months total duration; experimental group). Randomisation was stratified by concomitant or sequential administration of trastuzumab with chemotherapy, oestrogen-receptor status, and centre using a minimisation algorithm. The primary endpoint was disease-free survival, with a prespecified non-inferiority margin of 1·15. Analyses were done in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00381901. Findings: 1691 patients were randomly assigned to receive 12 months of trastuzumab and 1693 to receive 6 months of trastuzumab; 1690 patients in each group were included in the intention-to-treat analyses. After a median follow-up of 42·5 months (IQR 30·1-51·6), 175 disease-free survival events were noted in the 12-month group and 219 in the 6-month group. 2-year disease-free survival was 93·8% (95% CI 92·6-94·9) in the 12-month group and 91·1% (89·7-92·4) in the 6-month group (hazard ratio 1·28, 95% CI 1·05-1·56; p=0·29). 119 (93%) of the 128 cardiac events (clinical or based on assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction) occurred while patients were receiving trastuzumab. Significantly more patients in the 12-month group experienced a cardiac event than did those in the 6-month group (96 [5·7%] of 1690 patients vs 32 [1·9%] of 1690 patients, p<0·0001). Interpretation: After 3·5 years follow-up, we failed to show that 6 months of treatment with trastuzumab was non-inferior to 12 months of trastuzumab. Despite the higher rates of cardiac events, 12 months of adjuvant trastuzmab should remain the standard of care. Funding: French National Cancer Institute. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Lortholary A.,Center Catherine Of Sienne | Largillier R.,Center Azureen Of Cancerologie | Weber B.,Center Alexis Vautrin | Gladieff L.,Institute Claudius Regaud | And 6 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2012

Background: Platinum rechallenge or weekly topotecan in combination have not been evaluated in randomized trials for resistant recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). Methods: Patients with ROC after first- or second-line treatment including a platinum and taxane and progression within 6 months were randomized to weekly paclitaxel (wP, 80 mg/m. 2/week) alone or in combination with carboplatin (C, area under the curve of 5 mg/ml/min every 4 weeks) or weekly topotecan (wT, 3 mg/m 2/week). Primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS) comparing wP and combination therapy. Results: Patients (n = 165) received a median three cycles in each arm. Nonhematologic toxicity was not different, except increased hypersensitivity reactions with wP + C. Grade 3-4 hematologic toxic effects with wP, wP + C, and wP + wT, respectively, were neutropenia in 13%, 54%, and 42%; febrile neutropenia in 0%, 4%, and 5%; and anemia in 6%, 19%, and 29%. Response rates were 35%, 37%, and 39%, and median PFS times were 3.7, 4.8, and 5.4 months, respectively. PFS was not significantly different among the treatment arms [hazard ratio (HR) 0.922; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.765-1.111; P = 0.46] or between monotherapy and combination therapy (HR 0.951; 95% CI 0.686-1.318; P = 0.76). Conclusions: Combination chemotherapy in platinum-resistant ROC was more toxic than weekly paclitaxel and did not significantly prolong PFS. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.


Gervais R.,Center Francois Baclesse | Clement-Duchene C.,Hopital Brabois | Kouri C.E.,Center Catherine Of Sienne | Martin P.,Center Bourgogne | And 3 more authors.
Lung Cancer | Year: 2013

The synergistic activity of pemetrexed with platinum agents in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the renal safety of carboplatin suggest a balanced benefit/risk profile for this combination in elderly patients. This multicenter, single-arm, phase II study included 62 patients (≥70 years) with chemonaïve advanced NSCLC, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) 0-1, and assigned to receive 6 cycles of 3-weekly pemetrexed 500mg/m2 and carboplatin AUC 5. The primary endpoint was objective tumor response rate (ORR). Sixty-two patients received at least one dose of chemotherapy. Median age was 76.4 years [70.2-86] and all patients had PS 0 (16.1%) or PS 1 (83.9%). Stage IIIb disease in 21% patients and stage IV in 79% patients. Non-squamous cell carcinoma in 66.1% patients (adenocarcinoma 51.6%, large cell carcinoma 8.1%, other 6.5%) and squamous cell carcinoma in 33.9% patients. ORR was 28.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 16.58-43.26), all were partial responses. Stable disease rate was 42.9%. Grade 3/4 toxicities related to study drugs were: asthenia 16.1%, anorexia 4.8%, diarrhea 3.2%, neutropenia 51.6%, leucopenia 30.7%, thrombocytopenia 29%, anemia 19.4%. One related fatal septic shock occurred. In advanced NSCLC, pemetrexed use is restricted to non-squamous histology. The combination pemetrexed-carboplatin could be a valuable treatment option in elderly patients. Neutropenia was the most common toxicity. The ORR is within the range of data reported for pemetrexed-carboplatin in the general NSCLC population (24-31%). © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Deboudt C.,Nantes University Hospital Center | Labat J.-J.,Nantes University Hospital Center | Riant T.,Center Catherine Of Sienne | Bouchot O.,Nantes University Hospital Center | And 2 more authors.
Neurosurgery | Year: 2013

Background: Schwannoma is a rare benign tumor of peripheral nerves arising from Schwann cells of the ubiquitous nerve sheath. Objective: To describe the operative steps and technical aspects of robotic laparoscopic resection of pelvic schwannoma. Methods: We describe 2 patients with pelvic schwannoma: a 34-year-old woman with schwannoma of the right lumbosacral trunk and a 58-year-old woman with schwannoma of a left S1 nerve. Pain was the main symptom in both patients. The diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging and nerve biopsies. Both patients were operated on by robotic laparoscopy. Results: Lesions were totally enucleated after incising the epineurium. After dissection of the schwannoma, the vascular pedicle and nerve fascicles involved were identified, coagulated, and then sectioned. The remaining fascicles of the nerve were preserved. The postoperative course was uneventful in both patients. With follow-up of 9 and 13 months, both patients obtained complete pain relief with no neurological sequelae. Conclusion: Robotic laparoscopic resection of pelvic nerve tumors such as schwannomas is technically feasible. © 2012 by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.


Tournigand C.,University Paris Est Creteil | Chibaudel B.,Institute Hospitalier Franco Britannique | Samson B.,Hopital Charles Lemoyne | Scheithauer W.,Universitatsklinik For Innere Medizin I | And 15 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2015

Background: The combination of an anti-VEGF or an anti-EGFR-targeted monoclonal antibody with chemotherapy has shown clinical activity in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. However, combining both anti-VEGF and anti-EGFR antibodies with chemotherapy in first-line treatment resulted in adverse outcomes. We assessed whether the combination of erlotinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, with bevacizumab could increase the efficacy of maintenance therapy in patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer. Methods: This randomised, open-label, phase 3 study was undertaken in 49 centres in France, Austria, and Canada. Eligible patients were aged 18-80 years with histologically confirmed, unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer, WHO performance status 0-2, had received no previous therapy for metastatic disease, and had adequate organ function. Patients without disease progression after bevacizumab-based induction therapy were randomly assigned (1:1) by a minimisation technique to bevacizumab (7·5 mg/kg every 3 weeks) or bevacizumab plus erlotinib (150 mg once daily) as maintenance therapy until progression. All patients were stratified by centre, baseline performance status, age, and number of metastatic sites. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival on maintenance therapy analysed by intention to treat. We report the final analysis. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00265824. Findings: Between Jan 1, 2007, and Oct 13, 2011, 700 eligible patients were enrolled; following induction treatment, patients without disease progression were randomly assigned to bevacizumab (n=228) or bevacizumab plus erlotinib (n=224). At the final analysis, median follow-up was 51·0 months (IQR 36·0-60·0) in the bevacizumab group and 48·3 months (31·5-61·0) in the bevacizumab plus erlotinib group. In the primary analysis (after 231 progression-free survival events), median progression-free survival from randomisation was 5·1 months (95% CI 4·1-5·9) in the bevacizumab plus erlotinib group compared with 6·0 months (4·6-7·9) in the bevacizumab group (stratified hazard ratio [HR] 0·79 [95% CI 0·60-1·06]; p=0·11; unstratified HR 0·76 [0·59-0·99]; p=0·043). In the final analysis, median progression-free survival from randomisation was 5·4 months (95% CI 4·3-6·2) in the bevacizumab plus erlotinib group compared with 4·9 months (4·1-5·7) in the bevacizumab group (stratified HR 0·81 [95% CI 0·66-1·01], p=0·059; unstratified HR 0·78 [0·68-0·96], p=0·019). At the final analysis, median overall survival from maintenance was 24·9 months (95% CI 21·4-28·9) in the bevacizumab plus erlotinib group and 22·1 months (19·6-26·7) in the bevacizumab group (stratified HR 0·79 [95% CI 0·63-0·99], p=0·036; unstratified HR 0·79 [0·64-0·98], p=0·035). The most frequent grade 3-4 adverse events were skin rash (47 [21%] of 220 patients in the bevacizumab plus erlotinib group vs none of 224 patients in the bevacizumab alone group), diarrhoea (21 [10%] vs two [<1%]), and asthenia (12 [5%] vs two [<1%]). Interpretation: Maintenance bevacizumab plus erlotinib might be a new non-chemotherapy-based maintenance option for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer after bevacizumab-based induction therapy. Funding: GERCOR and F Hoffmann-La Roche. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Clere F.,Center Hospitalier | Delorme-Morin C.,Center Hospitalier | George B.,Hopital Saint Louis | Navez M.,Center Dvaluation Et Of Traitement Of La Douleur | And 2 more authors.
Drugs and Aging | Year: 2011

Background: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a common, debilitating complication of herpes zoster that has a major impact on patients quality of life. PHN prevalence increases with advancing age. One treatment option is the topical analgesic 5% lidocaine (lignocaine) medicated plaster (Versatis®), which has been proven to be efficacious and well tolerated in a number of randomized clinical studies. Objective: The aim of this analysis was to assess the use of the lidocaine medicated plaster under clinical practice conditions in a patient population whose previous PHN treatment with antidepressant and/or antiepileptic agents was inadequate or was not tolerated, or for whom such treatment was contraindicated or not recommended. Methods: This was a prospective, multicentre, non-interventional observation conducted in private and public health centres in France under a compassionate use programme (CUP). To obtain this new - and, at the time, unauthorized - PHN treatment alternative, physicians (in accordance with French guidelines) had to complete standardized case report forms for each patient before his/her inclusion in the CUP. As it was a CUP and therefore a non-interventional observation, returning documented information on follow- up visits to the medication provider was voluntary, and only a limited number of physicians returned completed forms. Documentation was, however, mandatory for adverse events (AEs) occurrence. Depending on the size of the painful skin area, up to three lidocaine plasters daily were applied for a maximum of 12 hours with plaster-free intervals of at least 12 hours. The study assessed changes in the prescription of concomitant PHN medication from the start of lidocaine plaster treatment to the last follow-up visit, both in terms of the sum of all concomitant PHN treatments and stratified by type of treatment: antiepileptic drugs, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs), classical analgesics (classified as step 1, 2 or 3 according to the WHO cancer pain ladder), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and others (mainly NSAIDs). AEs were monitored for safety. Results: A total of 625 patients were included in the CUP and permitted to receive lidocaine plaster treatment. Physicians returned 273 documented follow-up visit report forms. The mean -SD CUP duration (i.e. duration of lidocaine plaster treatment) was 2.4 - 2.5 months (median 1 month). Efficacy was assessed in the group of patients with documented follow-up visits (n = 273; mean -SD age 73.6 - 11.2 years), of whom 184 were aged ≥70 years (elderly efficacy population). The safety analysis included 625 patients (mean -SD age 73.2 - 11.9 years). Lidocaine plaster treatment resulted in a significant mean reduction of one concomitant PHN treatment per patient in the overall efficacy population analysed at the end of the observation (p < 0.001). In both populations (overall efficacy and elderly efficacy population), significantly fewer patients received TCAs (p = 0.003 and p = 0.001, respectively), step 3 analgesics (p = 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively), and other miscellaneous treatments (p < 0.001 for both populations); there was also a significant reduction in the proportion of patients who took step 2 analgesics (p = 0.009) in the overall efficacy group. AEs (mainly related to local plaster application) were documented for 2.6% of the patients in the safety population; none were considered serious. Conclusions: In day-to-day clinical practice management of PHN, treatment with the 5% lidocaine medicated plaster permitted a significant quantitative reduction in concomitant treatments for neuropathic pain in the overall efficacy population. In the subgroup aged ≥70 years, the quantitative reduction was non-significant. However, in both populations, 5% lidocaine medicated plaster reduced use of TCAs and step 3 analgesics. An improved polymedication status and good tolerability in this likely multimorbid age group indicate that the plaster is a new therapeutic alternative for patients suffering from PHN in France. © 2011 Adis Data Information BV. All rights reserved.


Boudry G.,Rennes University Hospital Center | Labat J.-J.,Nantes University Hospital Center | Riant T.,Center Catherine Of Sienne | Normand L.L.,Nantes University Hospital Center | And 3 more authors.
BJU International | Year: 2013

Objective To assess the value of the voiding diary in the management of patients with bladder pain syndrome for predicting the presence or absence of cystoscopic abnormalities. Patients and Methods From November 2009 to March 2011, 54 consecutive patients (39 women and 15 men) with bladder pain syndrome, as defined by the European Society for the Study of Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (ESSIC) criteria, were prospectively enrolled in this two-centre study. All patients completed a home voiding diary on 3 consecutive days, which included analysis of voiding frequency, voided volume and severity of pre- and post-voiding pain. The variables were evaluated on a numeric pain scale (NPS). All patients then underwent standardized cystoscopy under anaesthesia. Patients were stratified into two groups: a group with or a group without cystoscopic abnormalities. Voiding diary variables were compared using Student's t-test. Results Cystoscopic abnormalities were found in 33 patients. The group of patients with cystoscopic abnormalities had significantly more severe frequency (P = 0.034), especially nocturnal frequency (P = 0.009), a significantly lower mean voiding volume and lower sd from the mean (P = 0.011 and P = 0.014), and a significantly lower mean post-voiding NPS score (P = 0.039). Conclusion On analysis of the voiding diaries, we found that different patient profiles were associated with the cystoscopic appearance of the bladder. A clinical voiding score was proposed to predict the cystoscopic appearance of the bladder on the basis of the voiding diary in bladder pain syndrome but needs to be validated on an independent population. © 2013 BJU International.


Gridelli C.,S Giuseppe Moscati Hospital | De Marinis F.,San Camillo Hospital | Thomas M.,Thoraxklinik im Universitatsklinikum Heidelberg | Prabhash K.,Tata Memorial Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2014

Introduction: The PARAMOUNT Phase III trial showed that maintenance pemetrexed after pemetrexed plus cisplatin induction was well tolerated and effective for patients with advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer. Approximately 17% of patients receiving maintenance therapy in this study were 70 years of age or older. Here we report efficacy and safety Results from the PARAMOUNT study for elderly (70 years) and non-elderly (<70 years) patients. Methods: Final efficacy and safety data from the PARAMOUNT study were analyzed post hoc using subgroup analyses for elderly and non-elderly patients. Results: The median age was 73 years in the elderly subgroup (n = 92) and 60 years in the non-elderly subgroup (n = 447). Subgroups had similar baseline characteristics, except for a higher percentage of males and patients with a performance status of one in the elderly subgroup. For elderly patients, the median PFS was 6.4 months for pemetrexed and 3.0 months for placebo; the median OS was 13.7 months for pemetrexed and 12.1 months for placebo. For non-elderly patients, the median PFS was 4.0 months for pemetrexed and 2.8 months for placebo; the median OS was 13.9 months for pemetrexed and 10.8 months for placebo. Elderly patients experienced similar levels of low-grade toxicities, but had a higher percentage of grade 3/4 anemia and neutropenia than non-elderly patients, although importantly, this did not translate into increased febrile neutropenia. Conclusions: Continuation maintenance pemetrexed had comparable survival and toxicity profiles in the elderly and non-elderly subgroups. However, grade 3/4 anemia and neutropenia were numerically higher for elderly patients. © 2014 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.


Gravis G.,Institute Paoli Calmettes | Fizazi K.,University Paris - Sud | Joly F.,University of Caen Lower Normandy | Oudard S.,University of Paris Descartes | And 29 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: Early chemotherapy might improve the overall outcomes of patients with metastatic non-castrate (ie, hormone-sensitive) prostate cancer. We investigated the effects of the addition of docetaxel to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for patients with metastatic non-castrate prostate cancer. Methods: In this randomised, open-label, phase 3 study, we enrolled patients in 29 centres in France and one in Belgium. Eligible patients were older than 18 years and had histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate and radiologically proven metastatic disease; a Karnofsky score of at least 70%; a life expectancy of at least 3 months; and adequate hepatic, haematological, and renal function. They were randomly assigned to receive to ADT (orchiectomy or luteinising hormone-releasing hormone agonists, alone or combined with non-steroidal antiandrogens) alone or in combination with docetaxel (75 mg/m2 intravenously on the first day of each 21-day cycle; up to nine cycles). Patients were randomised in a 1:1 ratio, with dynamic minimisation to minimise imbalances in previous systemic treatment with ADT, chemotherapy for local disease or isolated rising concentration of serum prostate-specific antigen, and Glass risk groups. Patients, physicians, and data analysts were not masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Efficacy analyses were done by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00104715. Findings: Between Oct 18, 2004, and Dec 31, 2008, 192 patients were randomly allocated to receive ADT plus docetaxel and 193 to receive ADT alone. Median follow-up was 50 months (IQR 39-63). Median overall survival was 58·9 months (95% CI 50·8-69·1) in the group given ADT plus docetaxel and 54·2 months (42·2-not reached) in that given ADT alone (hazard ratio 1·01, 95% CI 0·75-1·36). 72 serious adverse events were reported in the group given ADT plus docetaxel, of which the most frequent were neutropenia (40 [21%]), febrile neutropenia (six [3%]), abnormal liver function tests (three [2%]), and neutropenia with infection (two [1%]). Four treatment-related deaths occurred in the ADT plus docetaxel group (two of which were neutropenia-related), after which the data monitoring committee recommended treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. After this recommendation, no further treatment-related deaths occurred. No serious adverse events were reported in the ADT alone group. Interpretation: Docetaxel should not be used as part of first-line treatment for patients with non-castrate metastatic prostate cancer. Funding: French Health Ministry and Institut National du Cancer (PHRC), Sanofi-Aventis, AstraZeneca, and Amgen. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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