Center Becquerel

Sotteville-lès-Rouen, France

Center Becquerel

Sotteville-lès-Rouen, France
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Schlumberger M.,University Paris - Sud | Catargi B.,Bordeaux University Hospital Center | Borget I.,Institute Gustave Roussy | Deandreis D.,University Paris - Sud | And 15 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether the administration of radioiodine provides any benefit to patients with low-risk thyroid cancer after a complete surgical resection. The administration of the smallest possible amount of radioiodine would improve care. METHODS: In our randomized, phase 3 trial, we compared two thyrotropin-stimulation methods (thyroid hormone withdrawal and use of recombinant human thyrotropin) and two radioiodine ( 131I) doses (i.e., administered activities) (1.1 GBq and 3.7 GBq) in a 2-by-2 design. Inclusion criteria were an age of 18 years or older; total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma; tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, ascertained on pathological examination (p) of a surgical specimen, of pT1 (with tumor diameter ≤1 cm) and N1 or Nx, pT1 (with tumor diameter >1 to 2 cm) and any N stage, or pT2N0; absence of distant metastasis; and no iodine contamination. Thyroid ablation was assessed 8 months after radioiodine administration by neck ultrasonography and measurement of recombinant human thyrotropin-stimulated thyroglobulin. Comparisons were based on an equivalence framework. RESULTS: There were 752 patients enrolled between 2007 and 2010; 92% had papillary cancer. There were no unexpected serious adverse events. In the 684 patients with data that could be evaluated, ultrasonography of the neck was normal in 652 (95%), and the stimulated thyroglobulin level was 1.0 ng per milliliter or less in 621 of the 652 patients (95%) without detectable thyroglobulin antibodies. Thyroid ablation was complete in 631 of the 684 patients (92%). The ablation rate was equivalent between the 131I doses and between the thyrotropin-stimulation methods. CONCLUSIONS: The use of recombinant human thyrotropin and low-dose (1.1 GBq) postoperative radioiodine ablation may be sufficient for the management of low-risk thyroid cancer. (Funded by the French National Cancer Institute [INCa] and the French Ministry of Health; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00435851; INCa number, RECF0447.) Copyright © 2012 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.


Baron M.,Center Becquerel | Fondrinier E.,Center Hospitalier Henri Mondor dAurillac | Laberge S.,Center Becquerel
Bulletin du Cancer | Year: 2012

From the analysis of our series and a review of the literature, we have done a summary of the clinicopathologic patterns and treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the breast. It usually presents as a large palpable mass in a woman over 50 years old. There are no specific iconographic features, but a relative frequency of presentation as abscess or cyst. The overall and disease-free survivals are worse than other histological types of breast cancer. These neoplasms have a basallike and triple negative profile and they respond poorly to standard treatment of breast carcinomas. They are usually treated by radical surgery. Optimal chemotherapy regimens is not yet determined and platin based chemotherapy could offer an effective alternative as the developpement of specific targeted therapies (anti Her1) could do. ©John Libbey Eurotext.


Hebraud B.,Unite de Genomique du Myelome | Hebraud B.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Caillot D.,Service dHematologie | Corre J.,Unite de Genomique du Myelome | And 30 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2013

Purpose: Although the translocation t(4;14) is supposed to be a primary event in multiple myeloma, we have been surprised to observe that in large relapse series of patients, the t(4;14) can be observed only in subpopulations of plasma cells, in contrast to what is seen at diagnosis. This observation raised the question of possible subclones harboring the translocation that would be observable only at the time of relapse. Experimental Design: To address this issue, we analyzed by FISH a cohort of 306 patients for whom we had at least two samples obtained at different disease phases. Results: Weobserved a "gain" of the t(4;14) in 14 patients, and conversely, a "loss" of the translocation in 11 patients. Two hypotheses were raised: either an acquisition of the translocation during evolution or the existence of small t(4;14)-positive subclones at the time of diagnosis. To address this question, we had the opportunity to analyze two patients at the time of diagnosis by RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) to look for the chimeric Eμ-MMSET transcript, and one patient positive at diagnosis, but negative at relapse. The samples were positive, supporting the second hypothesis. Furthermore, the IGH sequences of two patients who "lose" the t(4;14) were identical at diagnosis and relapse, confirming the existence of a common ancestral clone. Conclusion: Thus, the conclusion of this study is that the t(4;14) is not a primary event in multiple myeloma and that it can be present in silent subclones at diagnosis, but also at relapse. ©2013 AACR.


Chantepie S.P.,Institut Universitaire de France | Mear J.-B.,Institut Universitaire de France | Guittet L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Guittet L.,Caen University Hospital Center | And 6 more authors.
Trials | Year: 2015

Background: Packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion is required in hematology patients treated with chemotherapy for acute leukemia, autologous (auto) or allogeneic (allo) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In certain situations like septic shock, hip surgery, coronary disease or gastrointestinal hemorrhage, a restrictive transfusion strategy is associated with a reduction of infection and death. A transfusion strategy using a single PRBC unit has been retrospectively investigated and showed a safe reduction of PRBC consumption and costs. We therefore designed a study to prospectively demonstrate that the transfusion of a single PRBC unit is safe and not inferior to standard care. Methods: The 1versus2 trial is a randomized trial which will determine if a single-unit transfusion policy is not inferior to a double-unit transfusion policy. The primary endpoint is the incidence of severe complication (grade≥3) defined as stroke, transient ischemic attack, acute coronary syndrome, heart failure, elevated troponin level, intensive care unit transfer, death, new pulmonary infiltrates, and transfusion-related infections during hospital stays. The secondary endpoint is the number of PRBC units transfused per patient per hospital stay. Two hundred and thirty patients will be randomized to receive a single unit or double unit every time the hemoglobin level is less than 8 g/dL. All patients admitted for induction remission chemotherapy, auto-HSCT or allo-HSCT in hematology intensive care units will be eligible for inclusion. Sample size calculation has determined that a patient population of 230 will be required to prove that the 1-unit PRBC strategy is non-inferior to the 2-unit PRBC strategy. Hemoglobin threshold for transfusion is below 8 g/dL. Estimated percentage of complication-free hospital stays is 93 %. In a non-inferiority hypothesis, the number of patients to include is 230 with a power of 90 % and an alpha risk of 5 %. Trial Registration: 14-128; Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02461264(registered on 3 June 2015) © 2015 Chantepie et al.


Chretien M.-L.,University Paul Sabatier | Chretien M.-L.,University Hospital | Hebraud B.,University Paul Sabatier | Cances-Lauwers V.,Toulouse University Hospital Center | And 23 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2014

Age is a strong prognostic factor in multiple myeloma. The overall survival is shorter in patients older than 66 years, and even shorter in those older than 75 years. Whether age is also a prognostic parameter in patients younger than 66 years treated homogeneously with intensive approaches is unknown. To address this issue, we retrospectively analyzed a series of 2316 patients treated homogeneously with 3-4 cycles of induction chemotherapy followed by a high-dose melphalan course, without any consolidation or maintenance. We show that patients older than 60 years have a statistically significant shorter overall survival. The analysis of prognostic parameters did not show a higher incidence of high-risk cytogenetics, but a higher incidence of International Staging System (ISS) stages 2 and 3, mainly due to higher β2-microglobulin levels. This study is the first to demonstrate the impact of age in the outcome of 'young' patients with multiple myeloma, and suggests that this parameter should be included in the stratification factors for future prospective clinical trials. © 2014 Ferrata Storti Foundation.


PubMed | French Institute of Health and Medical Research, Hematologie clinique et therapie cellulaire, Institut Universitaire de France, University of Caen Lower Normandy and Center Becquerel
Type: | Journal: Trials | Year: 2015

Packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion is required in hematology patients treated with chemotherapy for acute leukemia, autologous (auto) or allogeneic (allo) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In certain situations like septic shock, hip surgery, coronary disease or gastrointestinal hemorrhage, a restrictive transfusion strategy is associated with a reduction of infection and death. A transfusion strategy using a single PRBC unit has been retrospectively investigated and showed a safe reduction of PRBC consumption and costs. We therefore designed a study to prospectively demonstrate that the transfusion of a single PRBC unit is safe and not inferior to standard care.The 1versus2 trial is a randomized trial which will determine if a single-unit transfusion policy is not inferior to a double-unit transfusion policy. The primary endpoint is the incidence of severe complication (grade3) defined as stroke, transient ischemic attack, acute coronary syndrome, heart failure, elevated troponin level, intensive care unit transfer, death, new pulmonary infiltrates, and transfusion-related infections during hospital stays. The secondary endpoint is the number of PRBC units transfused per patient per hospital stay. Two hundred and thirty patients will be randomized to receive a single unit or double unit every time the hemoglobin level is less than 8 g/dL. All patients admitted for induction remission chemotherapy, auto-HSCT or allo-HSCT in hematology intensive care units will be eligible for inclusion. Sample size calculation has determined that a patient population of 230 will be required to prove that the 1-unit PRBC strategy is non-inferior to the 2-unit PRBC strategy. Hemoglobin threshold for transfusion is below 8 g/dL. Estimated percentage of complication-free hospital stays is 93 %. In a non-inferiority hypothesis, the number of patients to include is 230 with a power of 90 % and an alpha risk of 5 %.14-128; Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02461264 (registered on 3 June 2015).


Moreau P.,University of Nantes | Avet-Loiseau H.,University of Nantes | Facon T.,University Hospital | Attal M.,University Hospital | And 27 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

The Intergroupe Francophone du Myelome conducted a randomized trial to compare bortezomib-dexamethasone (VD) as induction before high-dose therapy (HDT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) to a combination consisting of reduced doses of bortezomib and thalidomide plus dexamethasone (vtD) in patients with multiple myeloma. Overall, a total of 199 patients were centrally randomly assigned to receive VD or vtD. After 4 cycles, the complete response (CR) rate was the same in both groups (13% in the vtD arm, 12% in the VD arm, P = .74). However, the CR plus very good partial response (VGPR) rate was significantly higher in the vtD arm (49% vs 36%, P = .05). After ASCT, the CR plus VGPR rate was significantly higher in the vtD arm (74% vs 58%, P = .02). The reduced doses of bortezomib and thalidomide translated into a reduced incidence of peripheral neuropathy (PN): grade ≥ 2 PN were reported in 34% in the VD arm versus 14% in the vtD arm (P = .001). vtD, including reduced doses of bortezomib and thalidomide, yields higher VGPR rates compared with VD and can be considered a new effective triplet combination before HDT/ASCT. This study was registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00910897 and EudraCT as #2007-005204-40. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.

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