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Diallo T.,University des science | Maiga A.,University des science | Sangho H.,University des science | Coulibaly B.,Pharmacie de la Cote | And 4 more authors.
Medecine et Sante Tropicales | Year: 2014

Aims. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological characteristics of the cases of fatal poisoning in Mali. Methods. This retrospective study examined the cases of fatal poisoning recorded between 2000 and 2010 in six Health Reference centers, six regional hospitals and three university hospitals in the district of Bamako. Results. During the study period, 146 cases of fatal poisoning were recorded, accounting for 4.6% of all poisoning cases during this period. The average age of patients who died was 24 ± 17.7 years with a female-male ratio of 1.05. Nearly half (43%) were younger than 20 years. The ingestion was intentional in 66.4% of cases, mainly suicide attempts (47%) and therapeutic errors (19%). The median time until arrival at hospital was 8 hours after poisoning with multiple and varied clinical signs. Conclusions. Decreasing the mortality rate from poison ingestion requires increasing public awareness about poisons and improving emergency service equipment and health personnel training. Source


Achour S.,Laboratoire Of Toxicologie | Achour S.,Universite Ibn Tofail | Saadi H.,Service de gynecologie obstetrique | Turcant A.,Laboratoire Of Pharmaco Toxicologie | And 4 more authors.
Medecine et sante tropicales | Year: 2012

Peganum harmala L. (wild or Syrian rue) is commonly used as an emmenagogue and abortifacient in traditional medicine in the Middle East and North Africa including Morocco. The purpose of this report is to describe two cases of Peganumharmala L.poisoninginpregnantwomen. Both cases were treated successfully with good maternal-fetal outcome good for mother and child. Source


Lallie H.,Universite Ibn Tofail | Hami H.,Universite Ibn Tofail | Soulaymani A.,Universite Ibn Tofail | Chafiq F.,Center Antipoison Et Of Pharmacovigilance Du Maroc | And 5 more authors.
Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique | Year: 2012

The present study aims to determine the main characteristics of ophidian envenomation in the Souss-Massa-Drâa region in Morocco. It consisted of a descriptive retrospective analysis of all snakebite cases recorded by the Moroccan Poison Control and Pharmacovigilance Center, from 1980 to 2008. According to reported data, this region is the most affected in Morocco with 479 cases, that is 27.6% (17 cases/year). The average age of victims was 26.07 ± 18.28 years. The patients developed clinical signs (55%) dominated by disorders of the digestive system (35.5%), cardiovascular diseases (21.4%), and heart rhythm disorders (16.8%). The lethality and sequelae rates were 12% and 1.9%, respectively. © 2012 Société de pathologie exotique et Springer-Verlag France. Source


Echahbi N.,Universite Ibn Tofail | Soulaymani A.,Universite Ibn Tofail | Hami H.,Universite Ibn Tofail | Benazzouz B.,Universite Ibn Tofail | And 7 more authors.
Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique | Year: 2013

In Morocco, the Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz region is one of the 16 regions most affected by poisoning. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological profile of poisoning recorded in the study region. A retrospective study of poisoning cases, declared between 1981 and 2008 in the Morocco Poison Control and Pharmacovigilance Center, was conducted. During the study period, 8517 poisoning cases were collected. The average age of patients was 22 ± 15 years. The male/female sex ratio was 0.85. Food poisoning was the most reported in the region, with 26.6% of cases. Among the 2,779 patients for whom the outcome was known, 65 died, with lethality rate of 23.4‰. The maximum lethality rate was recorded among those poisoned by paraphenylenediamine (170.7‰). © 2012 Springer Verlag France. Source


Hami H.,Universite Ibn Tofail | Soulaymani A.,Universite Ibn Tofail | Skalli S.,Center Antipoison Et Of Pharmacovigilance Du Maroc | Mokhtari A.,Universite Ibn Tofail | And 3 more authors.
Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique | Year: 2011

To assess the extent and severity of poisoning by Atractylis gummifera L. in Morocco, a descriptive retrospective study was conducted on all the poisoning cases listed between 1981 and 2004 to the Morocco Poison Control Center. During this period, 240 people were hospitalized for glue thistle poisoning, 72% of which are children under 16 years. The severity of the poisoning has been affirmed by significant intrahospital lethality. Indeed, among the 182 patients for whom the outcomes were known, 98 died (54%). © Société de pathologie exotique et Springer-Verlag France 2010. Source

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