Hardersen S.,Cent. National per lo Studio e la Conservazione della Biodiversita Forestale Bosco Fontana di Verona |
Toni I.,Cent. National per lo Studio e la Conservazione della Biodiversita Forestale Bosco Fontana di Verona |
Cornacchia P.,Cent. National per lo Studio e la Conservazione della Biodiversita Forestale Bosco Fontana di Verona |
Curletti G.,Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Entomologia |
And 2 more authors.
Bulletin of Insectology | Year: 2012
The highly fragmented floodplain forest remnants of the river Po (Italy) are protected at the European level, but surprisingly little is known about their ecology and in particular their invertebrate fauna. The present work investigates 11 selected beetle families sampled in the reserve of Isola Boscone (Lombardy Region, Mantua Province), which is situated inside the embankments of the Po. Twelve window traps were attached to dead trees, either in open and sun-exposed situations (n = 6) or in the understorey of small forest patches (n = 6), and were active from 16 June to 3 November 2009. The following 11 beetle families were studied: Histeridae, Lucanidae, Scarabaeidae, Lissomidae, Elateridae, Buprestidae, Cleridae, Aderidae, Tenebrionidae, Cerambycidae, Anthribidae. A total of 495 individuals belonging to 53 species were collected, including five species of particular faunistic interest. The species Aegosoma scabricorne (Scopoli) and Dissoleucas niveirostris (F.) were associated with the forest habitat, while Chlorophorus varius (Muller), Dorcus parallelipipedus (L.) and Nalassus dryadophilus (Mulsant) were associated with the open habitat. Analyses of the abundance data revealed that the traps from the two habitat types differed in their community composition and that more species were caught in the open habitat. However, individual-based rarefaction curves showed that species richness did not differ when the number of species was plotted in relation to the number of individuals caught. This finding shows that richness estimates need to be interpreted with caution. The study also highlights that monitoring of beetles in floodplain forest remnants is complicated by recurrent floods.