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Obesity has been increasing worldwide at an alarming rate in the last decades and research regarding origins and early prevention has been a hot topic among scientific community. Children that are overweight or obese have an increased risk of becoming obese, getting type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases during adulthood. These are the reasons for intervention and treatment. Those children who need it, should get treatment according to updated criteria and with the fundamental parameter that population’s weight gaining must be stopped. An increased weight, once installed is challenging to eliminate. Childhood Obesity includes three phases: primary prevention: where pre-school kids are instructed and get familiarized treatment with healthy foods and physical activity, secondary prevention: children who are already overweight are intervened with strategies for changing their lifestyle under medical surveillance and tertiary: more aggressive treatments are includes such as: strict portion control, pharmacologic treatment or bariatric surgery. Also, physical activity has been consolidated as a factor that promotes health and wellness among infant and youth population, nevertheless is a complex construct difficult to assess and in consequence hard to compare with existing recommendations. A new perspective is the prescription of lifestyle which promotes a non invasive treatment for obesity. © 2014, Fundacion Bengoa. All rights reserved. Source

Polanco J.D.,CENDES UCV | Candela Y.,CENDES UCV
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2014

On the basis of concepts such as health system, alimentary and nutritional policies, and following up some indicators, this paper shows the main social, political and economic determinants of Venezuela’s nutritional issues and the importance these problems have in agenda of the chavista and post chavista political regimes in Venezuela. © 2014, Fundacion Bengoa. All rights reserved. Source

Landaeta-Jimenez M.,Fundacion Bengoa | Aliaga C.,Fundacion Bengoa | Sifontes Y.,Fundacion Bengoa | Sifontes Y.,Central University of Venezuela | And 12 more authors.
Anales Venezolanos de Nutricion | Year: 2012

In The United Nations Millenium Declarations on the Developmental Goals approved by the general assembly in 2000, the countries made a commitment to reduce the number of persons suffering from hunger by the year 2015. In 2004, FAO approved the Voluntary Guidelines on the right to adequate food in the context of national Food Security and provided a practical guidance to the states. The exercise of this right presents inequities in the socioeconomic, cultural, geographical and political levels that limit their achievement, amongst them the instability in the availability and access to food that results in a high vulnerability in food consumption and nutritional status of the poorest populations groups. Food consumption suffers the impact o high inflation and food shortage that reached 13% in 2012; milk, maize flour and oil are amongst the most critical Some laws and the policy of expropriation and invasions of food companies and productive farms have produced scarcity due to a drop in productivity with the result that most food products are imported, some deficient in quality and innocuousness. We carry the double burden of under nutrition (13-20%) and overweight (13-20%) in children and adolescents and in adults, chronic diseases are rising. Nonetheless, SISVAN does not publish data on nutritional status since 2007. The right to food presents weaknesses that should be corrected to ensure a better nutrition for the population. Source

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