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Sevilla F.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Camejo D.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Ortiz-Espin A.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Calderon A.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2015

In plants, the presence of thioredoxin (Trx), peroxiredoxin (Prx), and sulfiredoxin (Srx) has been reported as a component of a redox system involved in the control of dithiol-disulfide exchanges of target proteins, which modulate redox signalling during development and stress adaptation. Plant thiols, and specifically redox state and regulation of thiol groups of cysteinyl residues in proteins and transcription factors, are emerging as key components in the plant response to almost all stress conditions. They function in both redox sensing and signal transduction pathways. Scarce information exists on the transcriptional regulation of genes encoding Trx/Prx and on the transcriptional and post-transcriptional control exercised by these proteins on their putative targets. As another point of control, posttranslational regulation of the proteins, such as S-nitrosylation and S-oxidation, is of increasing interest for its effect on protein structure and function. Special attention is given to the involvement of the Trx/Prx/Srx system and its redox state in plant signalling under stress, more specifically under abiotic stress conditions, as an important cue that influences plant yield and growth. This review focuses on the regulation of Trx and Prx through cysteine S-oxidation and/or S-nitrosylation, which affects their functionality. Some examples of redox regulation of transcription factors and Trx- and Prx-related genes are also presented. © The Author 2015. Source


Camejo D.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Jimenez A.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Palma J.M.,Cellular and Molecular Biology of Plants | Sevilla F.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura
Proteomics | Year: 2015

Pepper fruits in green and red maturation stages were selected to study the protein pattern modified by oxidation measuring carbonylated proteins in isolated mitochondria, together with the accumulation of superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide in the fruits. MALDI-TOF/TOF analysis identified as carbonylated proteins in both green and red fruits, formate dehydrogenase, NAD-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase, porin, and defensin, pointing to a common regulation by carbonylation of these proteins independently of the maturation stage. However, other proteins such as glycine dehydrogenase P subunit and phosphate transporter were identified as targets of carbonylation only in green fruits, whereas aconitase, ATPase β subunit, prohibitin, orfB protein, and cytochrome C oxidase, were identified only in red fruits. In general, the results suggest that carbonylation of mitochondrial proteins is a PTM that drives the complex ripening process, probably establishing the accumulation and functionality of some mitochondrial proteins in the nonclimacteric pepper fruit. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Marti M.C.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Camejo D.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Vallejo F.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Romojaro F.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | And 4 more authors.
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition | Year: 2011

Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) fruits are highly appreciated by producers and consumers for their economical and nutritional value. Four different cultivars of coloured peppers in immature and mature stages were harvested throughout the spring and examined for their content of phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid and total antioxidant capacity (TAA) as well as for lipid peroxidation and carbonyl proteins as index of oxidative stress. Ripening and harvest period influenced the antioxidants and the development of oxidative processes in the cultivars differently: lipid peroxidation increased in mature peppers except in one cultivar (Y1075), while no changes in protein oxidation or in TAA were produced, except in Y1075 in which both parameters increased. Each cultivar presented differences in antioxidant compounds depending on the harvest period, but we could recommend May as the optimal if all cultivars have to be harvested at the same time, when levels of ascorbate, phenols and TAA were not decreased, fresh weight and proteins were elevated, and levels of oxidation were not as high as in June (except for Y1075). A previous study of the response of each cultivar to different environmental conditions results essential to establish a good program of selection of cultivars with high quality and productivity. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source


Marti M.C.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Florez-Sarasa I.,University of the Balearic Islands | Camejo D.,CSIC - Center of Edafology and Applied Biology of the Segura | Ribas-Carbo M.,University of the Balearic Islands | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2011

Mitochondria play an essential role in reactive oxygen species (ROS) signal transduction in plants. Redox regulation is an essential feature of mitochondrial function, with thioredoxin (Trx), involved in disulphide/dithiol interchange, playing a prominent role. To explore the participation of mitochondrial PsTrxo1, Mn-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), peroxiredoxin (PsPrxII F), and alternative oxidase (AOX) under salt stress, their transcriptional and protein levels were analysed in pea plants growing under 150 mM NaCl for a short and a long period. The activities of mitochondrial Mn-SOD and Trx together with the in vivo activities of the alternative pathway (AP) and the cytochrome pathway (CP) were also determined, combined with the characterization of the plant physiological status as well as the mitochondrial oxidative indicators. The analysis of protein and mRNA levels and activities revealed the importance of the post-transcriptional and post-translational regulation of these proteins in the response to salt stress. Increases in AOX protein amount correlated with increases in AP capacity, whereas in vivo AP activity was maintained under salt stress. Similarly, Mn-SOD activity was also maintained. Under all the stress treatments, photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and CP activity were decreased although the oxidative stress in leaves was only moderate. However, an increase in lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation was found in mitochondria isolated from leaves under the short-term salinity conditions. In addition, an increase in mitochondrial Trx activity was produced in response to the long-term NaCl treatment. The results support a role for PsTrxo1 as a component of the defence system induced by NaCl in pea mitochondria, providing the cell with a mechanism by which it can respond to changing environment protecting mitochondria from oxidative stress together with Mn-SOD, AOX, and PrxII F. © 2011 The Author(s). Source

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