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Saidenberg E.,University of Ottawa | Saidenberg E.,Cells for Life Cord Blood Institute | Saidenberg E.,University of Toronto | Petraszko T.,University of Ottawa | And 8 more authors.
Transfusion Medicine Reviews | Year: 2010

Since the first description of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) more than 2 decades ago, we have only recently begun to learn how this disorder may occur and how to prevent it. Scientists from around the world have made great strides in identifying the possible causes of this condition. Blood banks and transfusion services have risen to the challenges of prevention. Recent introduction of restricting most plasma products to those obtained from male donors only has greatly reduced the incidence of TRALI worldwide. Scientists have recently identified the gene and protein for the human neutrophil antigen-3a associated with most mortality due to TRALI, and this presents an opportunity for a screening assay to prevent future TRALI-associated deaths. Finally, animal models of TRALI have provided insight into the possible mechanisms of this disorder and can be used to explore potential treatment modalities. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

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