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Madison, WI, United States

Jiang H.,Covance Laboratories Inc. | Cannon M.J.,Covance Laboratories Inc. | Banach M.,Cellectar Inc. | Pinchuk A.N.,Cellectar Inc. | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences | Year: 2010

A rapid and specific LC-MS/MS based bioanalytical method was developed and validated for the determination of 18-(p-iodophenyl)octadecyl phosphocholine (CLR1401), a novel phosphocholine drug candidate, in rat plasma. The optimal chromatographic behavior of CLR1401 was achieved on a Kromasil silica column (50 mm × 3 mm, 5 μm) under hydrophilic interaction chromatography. The total LC analysis time per injection was 2.8 min with a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min under gradient elution. Liquid-liquid extraction in a 96-well format using ethyl acetate was developed and applied for method validation and sample analysis. The method validation was conducted over the curve range of 2.00-1000 ng/mL using 0.0500 mL of plasma sample. The intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy of the quality control samples at low, medium, and high concentration levels showed ≤ 5.9% relative standard deviation (RSD) and -10.8 to -1.4% relative error (RE). The method was successfully applied to determine the toxicokinetics of CLR1401 in rats from three dose groups of 0.4, 4.0, and 10.0 mg/kg/day via intravenous administration. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Weichert J.P.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Weichert J.P.,Cellectar Inc. | Clark P.A.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Kandela I.K.,Cellectar Inc. | And 18 more authors.
Science Translational Medicine | Year: 2014

Many solid tumors contain an overabundance of phospholipid ethers relative to normal cells. Capitalizing on this difference, we created cancer-targeted alkylphosphocholine (APC) analogs through structure-activity analyses. Depending on the iodine isotope used, radioiodinated APC analog CLR1404 was used as either a positron emission tomography (PET) imaging (124I) or molecular radiotherapeutic (131I) agent. CLR1404 analogs displayed prolonged tumor-selective retention in 55 in vivo rodent and human cancer and cancer stem cell models. 131I-CLR1404 also displayed efficacy (tumor growth suppression and survival extension) in a wide range of human tumor xenograft models. Human PET/CT (computed tomography) and SPECT (single-photon emission computed tomography)/CT imaging in advanced-cancer patients with 124I-CLR1404 or 131I-CLR1404, respectively, demonstrated selective uptake and prolonged retention in both primary and metastatic malignant tumors. Combined application of these chemically identical APC-based radioisosteres will enable personalized dual modality cancer therapy of using molecular 124I-CLR1404 tumor imaging for planning 131I-CLR1404 therapy.

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