Hendriks J.A.A.,University of Twente |
Schotel R.,CellCoTec |
De Bruijn E.,CellCoTec |
Moroni L.,University of Twente |
And 3 more authors.
Soft Matter | Year: 2010
Co-culture models have been increasingly used in tissue engineering applications to understand cell-cell interactions and consequently improve regenerative medicine strategies. Aiming at further elucidating cartilage tissue formation, we co-cultured bovine primary chondrocytes (BPCs) with human expanded chondrocytes (HECs), human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs), mouse embryonic stem cells (MESCs), or mouse-3T3 feeder cells (M3T3s) in micromasses. BPCs were either co-cultured (1:5 ratio) with all cell types allowing direct cell-cell contacts or as separate micromasses in the same well with HECs. In co-culture groups with direct cell-cell contacts cartilaginous tissue was formed in all experimental groups. In situ hybridization showed that only 16-27% of the cells expressed type II collagen mRNA. Corresponding with the fact that micromasses consisted for approximately 20% only of BPCs, the amount of GAG was similar between 100% BPC micromass and the co-culture groups with HECs and HDFs. Therefore, co-culture micromasses support cartilage tissue formation predominantly originating from primary chondrocytes in direct contact with a variety of cell types. These findings potentially could be applied to optimize cell-therapy treatments for cartilage regeneration. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Bayon Y.,Medtronic |
Vertes A.A.,London Business School |
Vertes A.A.,NxR Biotechnologies GmbH |
Mason C.,University College London |
And 9 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part B: Reviews | Year: 2015
The TERMIS-Europe (EU) Industry committee intended to address the two main critical issues in the clinical/commercial translation of Advanced Therapeutic Medicine Products (ATMP): (1) entrepreneurial exploitation of breakthrough ideas and innovations, and (2) regulatory market approval. Since January 2012, more than 12,000 publications related to regenerative medicine and tissue engineering have been accepted for publications, reflecting the intense academic research activity in this field. The TERMIS-EU 2014 Industry Symposium provided a reflection on the management of innovation and technological breakthroughs in biotechnology first proposed to contextualize the key development milestones and constraints of allocation of financial resources, in the development life-cycle of radical innovation projects. This was illustrated with the biofuels story, sharing similarities with regenerative medicine. The transition was then ensured by an overview of the key identified challenges facing the commercialization of cell therapy products as ATMP examples. Real cases and testimonies were then provided by a palette of medical technologies and regenerative medicine companies from their commercial development of cell and gene therapy products. Although the commercial development of ATMP is still at the proof-of-concept stage due to technology risks, changing policies, changing markets, and management changes, the sector is highly dynamic with a number of explored therapeutic approaches, developed by using a large diversity of business models, both proposed by the experience, pitfalls, and successes of regenerative medicine pioneers, and adapted to the constraint resource allocation and environment in radical innovation projects. © 2015 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Hangody L.,Uzsoki Hospital |
Bartha L.,Uzsoki Hospital |
Hamann D.,University of Twente |
Pieper J.,IsoTis OrthoBiologics Inc. |
And 12 more authors.
European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology | Year: 2013
Mosaicplasty has become a well-accepted treatment modality for articular cartilage lesions in the knee. Postoperative bleeding remains potentially concerning. This study evaluates the porous poly(ethylene oxide)terephthalate/ poly(butylene terephthalate) (PEOT/PBT) implants used for donor site filling. Empty donor sites were the controls. After 9 months, MRI, macroscopical and histological analysis were carried out. Treated defects did not cause postoperative bleeding. No adverse events or inflammatory response was observed. PEOT/PBT implants were well integrated. Empty controls occasionally showed protrusion of repair tissue at the defect margins. Surface stiffness was minimally improved compared to controls. Existing polymer fragments indicated considerable biodegradation. Histological evaluation of the filled donor sites revealed congruent fibrocartilaginous surface repair with proteoglycan-rich domains and subchondral cancellous bone formation with interspersed fibrous tissue in all implanted sites. The PEOT/PBT implants successfully reduce donor site morbidity and postoperative bleeding after mosaicplasty. Level of evidence: II. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
de Windt T.S.,University Utrecht |
Hendriks J.A.A.,CellCoTec |
Zhao X.,University Utrecht |
Zhao X.,Harvard University |
And 6 more authors.
Stem Cells Translational Medicine | Year: 2014
Cartilage damage and osteoarthritis (OA) impose an important burden on society, leaving both young, active patients and older patients disabled and affecting quality of life. In particular, cartilage injury not only imparts acute loss of function but also predisposes to OA. The increase in knowledge of the consequences of these diseases and the exponential growth in research of regenerative medicine have given rise to different treatment types. Of these, cell-based treatments are increasingly applied because they have the potential to regenerate cartilage, treat symptoms, and ultimately prevent or delay OA. Although these approaches give promising results, they require a costly in vitro cell culture procedure. The answer may lie in single-stage procedures that, by using cell combinations, render in vitro expansion redundant. In the last two decades, cocultures of cartilage cells and a variety of (mesenchymal) stem cells have shown promising results as different studies report cartilage regeneration in vitro and in vivo. However, there is considerable debate regarding the mechanisms and cellular interactions that lead to chondrogenesis in these models. This review, which included 52 papers, provides a systematic overview of the data presented in the literature and tries to elucidate the mechanisms that lead to chondrogenesis in stem cell cocultures with cartilage cells. It could serve as a basis for research groups and clinicians aiming at designing and implementing combined cellular technologies for single-stage cartilage repair and treatment or prevention of OA. © AlphaMed Press 2014.