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Kettenbach A.N.,Norris Cotton Cancer Center | Rush J.,Cell Signaling Technology Inc. | Gerber S.A.,Norris Cotton Cancer Center
Nature Protocols | Year: 2011

In the analysis of biological systems, it is of interest to identify the components of the system and to monitor their changes in abundance under different conditions. The AQUA (for 'absolute quantification') method allows sensitive and specific targeted quantification of protein and post-translational modifications in complex protein mixtures using stable isotopeg-labeled peptides as internal standards. Each AQUA experiment is composed of two stages: method development and application to a biological scenario. In the method development stage, peptides from the protein of interest are chosen and then synthesized with stable isotopes such as 13C, 2H or 15N. The abundance of these internal standards and their endogenous counterparts can be measured by mass spectrometry with selected reaction monitoring or selected ion monitoring methods. Once an AQUA method is established, it can be rapidly applied to a wide range of biological samples, from tissue culture cells to human plasma and tissue. After AQUA peptide synthesis, the development, optimization and application of AQUA analyses to a specific biological problem can be achieved in ∼1 week. Here we demonstrate the usefulness of this method by monitoring both Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) protein abundance in multiple lung cancer cell lines and the extent of Plk1 activation loop phosphorylation (pThr-210) during release from S phase. © 2011 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cell Signaling Technology Inc. | Date: 2015-09-03

The invention provides methods to identify, diagnose, and treat kidney cancer through the detection of expression and/or activity of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK). The detection of the presence of a polypeptide with ALK kinase activity (e.g., by detecting expression and/or activity of the polypeptide), identify those kidney cancers that are likely to respond to an ALK-inhibiting therapeutic.

Bennett E.J.,Harvard University | Rush J.,Cell Signaling Technology Inc. | Gygi S.P.,Harvard University | Harper J.W.,Harvard University
Cell | Year: 2010

Dynamic reorganization of signaling systems frequently accompanies pathway perturbations, yet quantitative studies of network remodeling by pathway stimuli are lacking. Here, we report the development of a quantitative proteomics platform centered on multiplex absolute quantification (AQUA) technology to elucidate the architecture of the cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL) network and to evaluate current models of dynamic CRL remodeling. Current models suggest that CRL complexes are controlled by cycles of CRL deneddylation and CAND1 binding. Contrary to expectations, acute CRL inhibition with MLN4924, an inhibitor of the NEDD8-activating enzyme, does not result in a global reorganization of the CRL network. Examination of CRL complex stoichiometry reveals that, independent of cullin neddylation, a large fraction of cullins are assembled with adaptor modules, whereas only a small fraction are associated with CAND1. These studies suggest an alternative model of CRL dynamicity where the abundance of adaptor modules, rather than cycles of neddylation and CAND1 binding, drives CRL network organization. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

Cell Signaling Technology Inc. | Date: 2014-10-01

The present invention relates to methods of classifying cancer cells based on the presence, absence or level of tyrosine kinase or a phophorylated tyrosine kinase. The present invention also related to methods of treating cancer using cancer classification. The present invention further related to methods of determining the effectiveness of a treatment for cancer using cancer classification.

Cell Signaling Technology Inc. | Date: 2014-09-11

In accordance with the invention, a novel gene translocation, (4p15, 6q22), in human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) that results in a fusion proteins combining part of Sodium-dependent Phosphate Transporter Isoform NaPi-3b protein (SLC34A2) with Proto-oncogene Tyrosine Protein Kinase ROS Precursor (ROS) kinase has now been identified. The SLC34A2-ROS fusion protein is anticipated to drive the proliferation and survival of a subgroup of NSCLC tumors. The invention therefore provides, in part, isolated polynucleotides and vectors encoding the disclosed mutant ROS kinase polypeptides, probes for detecting it, isolated mutant polypeptides, recombinant polypeptides, and reagents for detecting the fusion and truncated polypeptides. The disclosed identification of the new fusion protein enables new methods for determining the presence of these mutant ROS kinase polypeptides in a biological sample, methods for screening for compounds that inhibit the proteins, and methods for inhibiting the progression of a cancer characterized by the mutant polynucleotides or polypeptides, which are also provided by the invention.

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