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Gwangju, South Korea

Min K.,Pohang University of Science and Technology | Jo H.,Pohang University of Science and Technology | Song K.,Pohang University of Science and Technology | Cho M.,University of California at Santa Barbara | And 4 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2011

We have designed a dual-aptamer complex specific to both prostate-specific membrane antigens (PSMA) (+) and (-) prostate cancer cells. In the complex, an A10 RNA aptamer targeting PSMA (+) cells and a DUP-1 peptide aptamer specific to PSMA (-) cells were conjugated through streptavidin. Doxorubicin-loaded onto the stem region of the A10 aptamer was delivered not only to PSMA (+) cells but to PSMA (-) cells, and eventually induced apoptosis in both types of prostate cancer cells. Cell death was monitored by measuring guanine concentration in cells using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), a simple and rapid electrochemical method, and was further confirmed by directly observing cell morphologies cultured on the transparent indium tin oxide (ITO) glass electrode and checking their viabilities using a trypan blue assay. To investigate the in vivo application of the dual-aptamer system, both A10 and DUP-1 aptamers were immobilized on the surface of thermally cross-linked superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (TCL-SPION). Selective cell uptakes and effective drug delivery action of these probes were verified by Prussian blue staining and trypan blue staining, respectively. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Kim H.-R.,Wonkwang University | Jun C.-D.,Cell Dynamics Research Center | Lee K.-S.,Wonkwang University | Cho J.-H.,Wonkwang University | And 4 more authors.
Cytokine | Year: 2012

Background: YKL-40 (a chitinase-like protein) is an inflammatory biomarker that is associated with lung injury pathogenesis. We aimed to identify the diagnostic values of YKL-40 in pleural effusions and to evaluate circulating YKL-40 levels during multiple etiological pulmonary/pleural diseases and the role of YKL-40 as a monitoring marker of inflammatory pulmonary disease. Methods: Pleural YKL-40 (n=. 197), YKL-39 (the most homologous chitinase-like protein to human YKL-40), and conventional pleural marker levels were measured in patients with pulmonary/pleural disease. Additionally, serum YKL-40 and YKL-39 levels were analyzed in both patients and controls (n=. 432) and serially monitored in patients with asthma (n=. 27) or pneumonia (n=. 22). Results: Pleural YKL-40 levels were higher than those in the serum and highest in tuberculous pleural effusions (TPEs; 1181. ng/mL), followed by parapneumonic, malignant, and cardiogenic effusions (560. ng/mL). The diagnostic accuracy of pleural YKL-40 (0.78) for discriminating between tuberculous and malignant effusion was comparable to or greater than those of YKL-39, total protein, C-reactive protein and CYFRA 21-1, and lower than those of adenosine deaminase (p< 0.05) and carcinoembriogenic antigen (p=. 0.05). Serum YKL-40 levels were higher in the pneumonia group than in the cancer, asthma, or control groups. Following treatment, serum YKL-40 levels were more greatly reduced in pneumonia patients than in asthma patients. Serum YKL-39 levels did not differ between patients and controls. Conclusions: Pleural YKL-40 levels are elevated in TPEs and have fairly good diagnostic efficacy for detecting TPEs. However, adenosine deaminase is more efficient for detecting TPEs than pleural YKL-40. Serum YKL-40 levels are highest during pneumonia compared to common pulmonary/pleural diseases and are more useful for monitoring pneumonia than asthma. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Yu M.K.,Cell Dynamics Research Center | Kim D.,Korea Basic Science Institute | Lee I.-H.,Cell Dynamics Research Center | So J.-S.,Cell Dynamics Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Small | Year: 2011

CG-rich duplex containing prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) aptamer-conjugated thermally cross-linked superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (TCL-SPIONs) is reported as prostate cancer-specific nanotheranostic agents. These agents are capable of prostate tumor detection in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and selective delivery of drugs to the tumor tissue, simultaneously. The prepared PSMA-functionalized TCL-SPION via a hybridization method (Apt-hybr-TCL-SPION) exhibited preferential binding towards target prostate-cancer cells (LNCaP, PSMA+) in both in vitro and in vivo when analyzed by T 2-weighted MRI. After Dox molecules were loaded onto the Apt-hybr-TCL-SPION through the intercalation of Dox to the CG-rich duplex containing PSMA aptamer as well as electrostatic interaction between the Dox-and-polymer coating layer of the nanoparticles, the resulting Dox@Apt-hybr-TCL-SPION showed selective drug-delivery efficacy in the LNCaP xenograft mouse model. These results suggest that Dox@Apt-hybr-TCL-SPION has potential for use as novel prostate cancer-specific nanotheranostics. Aptamer-capturing oligonucleotide-conjugated SPION hybridizes with prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) aptamer to produce preferential binding sites for doxorubicin molecules, and thus a prostate-tumor targeting theranostic agent for enabling 'personalized medicine'. The in-vivo targeting efficacy and therapeutic ability are evaluated in LNCaP xenograft model. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Kim Y.-D.,Cell Dynamics Research Center | Lee J.-Y.,Cell Dynamics Research Center | Oh K.-M.,Cell Dynamics Research Center | Araki M.,Kumamoto University | And 3 more authors.
Nucleic Acids Research | Year: 2011

Nuclear speckles are known to be the storage sites of mRNA splicing regulators. We report here the identification and characterization of a novel speckle protein, referred to as NSrp70, based on its subcellular localization and apparent molecular weight. This protein was first identified as CCDC55 by the National Institutes of Health Mammalian Gene Collection, although its function has not been assigned. NSrp70 was colocalized and physically interacted with SC35 and ASF/SF2 in speckles. NSrp70 has a putative RNA recognition motif, the RS-like region, and two coiled-coil domains, suggesting a role in RNA processing. Accordingly, using CD44, Tra2β1 and Fas constructs as splicing reporter minigenes, we found that NSrp70 modulated alternative splice site selection in vivo. The C-terminal 10 amino acids (531-540), including 536RD 537, were identified as a novel nuclear localization signal, and the region spanning 290-471 amino acids was critical for speckle localization and binding to SC35 and ASF/SF2. The N-terminal region (107-161) was essential for the pre-mRNA splicing activity. Finally, we found that knockout of NSrp70 gene in mice led to a lack of progeny, including fetal embryos. Collectively, we demonstrate that NSrp70 is a novel splicing regulator and essentially required early stage of embryonic development. © 2011 The Author(s). Source

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