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PubMed | University Hospitals Leuven, Catholic University of Leuven, ImmunOvar Research Group and Laboratory for Cell Death Research and Therapy
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Anticancer research | Year: 2016

Dendritic cell (DC) immunotherapy induces tumor-reactive T-cells. We optimized the maturation of murine DC against ovarian cancer.Immature DC were generated from bone-marrow progenitor cells and loaded with hypericin-photodynamic-treated (Hyp-PDT) tumor cells (primary maturation). Lipopolysacharide (LPS 1 g/ml) was used as a secondary maturation stimulus. After 24 h, maturation was assessed using flow cytometry. For in vivo experiments, C57BL/6 mice were vaccinated subcutaneously with matured, loaded mature DC. Immune response was evaluated through immunohistochemistry and cytometric bead array.Based on the existing protocols for DC generation, therapeutic vaccination of tumor-bearing mice with mature ID8-fLuc Hyp-PDT DC induces an immunogenic response, but provides no survival benefit. As loading with Hyp-PDT lysate induces partial primary maturation, we reduced the dose of LPS to 0.125 g/ml and the duration of maturation to 6 hours, improving viability of mature DC.We optimized Hyp-PDT-based ID8-fLuc DC vaccine by reducing the amount of LPS and the duration of maturation.

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