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Manisa, Turkey

Lathrobium matalini sp. n. from southern Kazakhstan is described, illustrated and distinguished from related congeners. Additional records of 18 Lathrobium species, among them four new country records, are reported from Azerbaijan, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkey. Source


Inal A.,Dicle University | Akman T.,Dokuz Eylul University | Yaman S.,Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital | Ozturk S.C.,Gazi University | And 18 more authors.
Annali Italiani di Chirurgia | Year: 2013

Several studies have now demonstrated that the lymph node ratio (LNR), as a superior indicator of axillary tumor burden to the number of excised nodes. While, about the prognostic value of LNR on the the survival of elderly patients is limited. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study is to evaluate the prognostic value of lymph node ratio in elderly patients with node positive breast cancer. METHODS: Onehundredeightyfour patient with operable breast cancer, recruited from 17 institutions, were enrolled into the retrospectively study Eleven potential prognostic variables were chosen for analysis in this study Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify prognostic factors associated with survival. RESULT: Among the eleven variables of univariate analysis, four variables were identified to have prognostic significance for Overall survival (OS): patholo^c tumor size (T), No. oppositive nodes (N), LNR and estrogen receptor-positive (ER). Among the eleven variables of univariate analysis, two variables were identified to have prognostic significance for Disease-free survival (DFS): N and LNR. Multivariate analysis by Cox proportional hazard model showed that T, LNR and ER were considered independent prognostic factors for OS. Furthermore, LNR was considered independent prognostic factors for DFS. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the LNR was associated with the prognostic importance for DFS and OS in elderly patients who were administered adjuvant treatments. Source


Yucel A.T.,Celai Bayar University
SENDROM | Year: 2011

The role of the sympathetic nervous system in medicine can be revealed by inducing degenerative changes in sympathetic neural pathways. Several methods of inducing peripheral lesions such as neural growth factor depletion, auto-immune and chemical destruction of the sympathetic chain and novel approaches as usage of immunotoxins and transgenic animals were used. Surgical ablation can be performed by open removal or electrocoagulation of the sympathetic chain, or minimally invasive procedures using stereotactic thermal or laser interruption. Chemical sympathectomies use alcohol or phenol injections to destroy the sympathetic chain temporarily. They are commonly performed for palmar or plantar hyperhidrosis, Buerger's disease and critical lower limb ischemia. Neuropathic pain is defined as pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction in the nervous system. Surgical and chemical sympatholyses may help to prevent it. The practice of chemical sympathectomy is still under investigation because of potentially important complications. Therefore, more experimental studies and clinical trials of sympathectomy are required to establish the overall effectiveness and potential risks of this procedure. Source


Akata I.,Ankara University | Ergonul P.G.,Celai Bayar University | Ergonul B.,Celai Bayar University | Kalyoncu F.,Celal Bayar University
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology | Year: 2013

The fatty acid contents of five wild edible mushroom species (Amanita ceciliae, Armillaria mellea, Cantharellus cibarius, Chlorophyllum rhacodes and Rhizopogon roseolus) collected from different regions from Anatolia were determined. The fatty acids were identified and quantified by gas chromatography and studied using fruit bodies. Fatty acid composition varied among species. The dominant fatty acid in fruit bodies of all mushrooms was cis-linoleic acid (18:2). Percentage of cis-linoleic acid in species varied from 31.81 % to 57.70 %. The other major fatty acids were, respectively, cis-oleic, palmitic and stearic acids. Fatty acids analysis of the mushrooms showed that the unsaturated fatty acids were at higher concentrations than saturated fatty acids. Source


Ergonul B.,Celai Bayar University | Ozcam' M.,Celai Bayar University | Obuz E.,Celal Bayar University
Archiv fur Lebensmittelhygiene | Year: 2013

Chemical, microbiological, instrumental textural and sensorial attributes were determined for turkey breast meat samples cooked at 65 °C or 75 °C for three different extended cooking times (24 h, 36 h or 48 h). According to results obtained, there were no significant differences observed among the chemical compositions, instrumental textural and microbiological attributes of samples (P>0 05). When sensorial analyses scores of the samples are taken into account in terms of consumer preferences, no statistically significant difference was observed among samples. So it is concluded that shortest cooking period should be preferred in terms of saving for energy and cooking time. On the other hand, cooking for extended times like 36 or 48 hours, did not show any nugatory affect on eating and sensorial quality of turkey breast meat samples. © M. & H. Schaper GmbH & Co. Source

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