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Sena A.,CEDOC | Sena A.,Centro Hospitalar Of Lisbon Central | Bendtzen K.,Copenhagen University | Cascais M.J.,CEDOC | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Neurology | Year: 2010

Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) therapy for multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with a potential for induction of neutralizing antibodies (NAbs). Because immune reactivity depends on changes in lipoprotein metabolism, we investigated whether plasma lipoprotein profiles could be associated with the development of NAbs. Thirty-one female MS patients treated with subcutaneously administered IFN-beta were included. Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared between NAbs response groups using t tests for continuous and logistic regression analysis and Fisher's exact tests for categorical data, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression was usedtoevaluate the effectofpotential confounders. Patients who developed NAbs had lower apoE levels before treatment, 67 (47-74) mg/L median (interquartile range), and at the moment of NAb analysis, 53 (50-84) mg/L, in comparison to those who remained NAb-negative, 83 (68-107) mg/L, P = 0.03, and 76 (66-87) mg/L, P = 0.04, respectively. When adjusting for age and smoking for a one-standard deviation decrease in apoE levels, a 5.6-fold increase in the odds of becoming NAb-positive was detected: odds ratios (OR) 0.18 (95% CI 0.04-0.77), P = 0.04. When adjusting for apoE, smoking habit became associated with NAb induction: OR 5.6 (95% CI 1.3-87), P = 0.03. These results suggest that apoE-containing lipoprotein metabolism and, possibly, tobacco smoking may be associated with risk of NAb production in female MS patients treated with IFN-beta. © Springer-Verlag 2010.


Marcelino P.,CEDOC | Reuter D.A.,University of Hamburg
Current Cardiology Reviews | Year: 2011

The goal of hemodynamic monitoring and management during major surgery is to guarantee adequate organ perfusion, a major prerequisite for adequate tissue oxygenation and thus, end-organ function. Further, hemodynamic monitoring should serve to prevent, detect, and to effectively guide treatment of potentially life-threatening hemodynamic events, such as severe hypovolemia due to hemorrhage, or cardiac failure. The ideal monitoring device does not exist, but some conditions must be met: it should be easy and operator-independently to use; it should provide adequate, reproducible information in real time. In this review we discuss in particular the role of intraoperative use of transesophageal echocardiography (TOE). Although TOE has gained special relevance in cardiac surgery, its role in major non cardiac surgery is still to be determined. We particularly focus on its ability to provide measurements of cardiac output (CO), and its role to guide fluid therapy. Within the last decade, concepts oriented on optimizing stroke volume and cardiac output mainly by fluid administration and guided by continuous monitoring of cardiac output or so called functional parameters of cardiac preload gained particular attention. Although they are potentially linked to an increased amount of fluid infusion, recent data give evidence that such pre-emptive concepts of hemodynamic optimization result in a decrease in morbidity and mortality. As TOE allows a real time direct visualization of cardiac structures, other potentially important advantages of its use also outside the cardiac surgery operation room can be postulated, namely the ability to evaluate the anatomical and functional integrity of the left and the right heart chambers. Finally, a practical approach to TOE monitoring is presented, based on a local experience. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers.


Dias S.S.,CEDOC | Martins M.F.O.,New University of Lisbon
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2015

Costs with HIV/AIDS hospitalizations are one of the major financial burdens on healthcare systems worldwide. In Portugal, hospitalizations related to HIV infection are some of the most expensive and the second major diagnosis category, and also accounts for the greatest average length of stay. As a result, it is crucial to understand and identify HIV/AIDS hospital length of stay outliers. The objective of this study is to analyse HIV/AIDS length of stay high outliers during five consecutive years (2009-2013) and to identify its determinants for a specific HIV/AIDS diagnosis related group. To attain these objectives we will use a logistic regression model with random effects. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Capela T.,Hospital Curry Cabral | Tavares I.,Hospital Curry Cabral | Pereira P.,CEDOC | Vigia E.,CEDOC | And 3 more authors.
Transplantation Proceedings | Year: 2014

This study evaluated the relationship between intraoperative hemodynamic instability (IOHI) and the development of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) toxicity in the early postoperative period after liver transplantation (LT). Eighty-two patients were enrolled during a 1-year period and a 3-month follow-up. IOHI, requiring continuous infusion of vasopressors, was observed in 31 patients (38%, group 1; control group 2, n = 51). Acute kidney injury (AKI) developed in 28 patients (52% in group 1 vs 24% in group 2, P =.02), and CNI-related neurotoxicity (CNI-NT) in 26 (48% in group 1 vs 22% in group 2, P =.03). Group 1 patients received mainly deceased donor grafts (87% vs 57% in group 2, P <.001). An independent association between IOHI and CNI-NT (P =.029) and AKI (P =.016) was observed. The receiver-operator characteristic curve revealed an area under the curve of 0.63 for IHI (sensitivity 56%; specificity 75%) and 0.65 for AKI (sensitivity 56%; specificity 70.2%). In conclusion, patients undergoing LT with IOHI may be more prone to developing CNI-NT and AKI in the early postoperative period. © 2014 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Pissarra F.,Hospital Curry Cabral | Oliveira A.,Hospital Curry Cabral | Marcelino P.,CEDOC
Cardiology Research and Practice | Year: 2012

A pilot study aimed to introduce intraoperative monitoring of liver surgery using transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is described. A set of TEE measurements was established as a protocol, consisting of left atrial (LA) dimension at the aortic valve plane; mitral velocity flow integral, calculation of stroke volume and cardiac output (CO); mitral annular plane systolic excursion; finally, right atrial area. A total of 165 measurements (on 21 patients) were performed, 31 occurring during hypotension. The conclusions reached were during acute blood loss LA dimension changed earlier than CVP, and, in one patient, a dynamic left ventricular (LV) obstruction was observed; in 3 patients a transient LV systolic dysfunction was documented. The comparison between 39 CO paired measurements obtained by TEE and PiCCO2 revealed a statistically significant correlation (P<0.001, r=0.83). In this pilot study TEE successfully answered the questions raised by the anesthesiologists. Larger cohort studies are needed to address this issue. © 2012 Filipe Pissarra et al.


Guarino M.P.,CEDOC | Ribeiro M.J.,CEDOC | Sacramento J.F.,CEDOC | Conde S.V.,CEDOC
Age | Year: 2013

The role of caffeine consumption on insulin action is still under debate. The hypothesis that chronic caffeine intake reverses aging-induced insulin resistance in the rat was tested in this work. The mechanism by which caffeine restores insulin sensitivity was also investigated. Six groups of rats were used: 3 months old (3 M), 3 months old caffeine-treated (3MCaf), 12months old (12 M), 12 months old caffeine-treated (12MCaf), 24 months old (24 M), and 24 months old caffeinetreated (24MCaf). Caffeine was administered in drinking water (1 g/l) during 15 days. Insulin sensitivity was assessed by means of the insulin tolerance test. Blood pressure, body weight, visceral and total fat, fasting glycemia and insulinemia, plasma nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), cortisol, nitric oxide, and catecholamines were monitored. Skeletal muscle Glut4 and 5′-AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) protein expression and activity were also assessed. Aged rats exhibited diminished insulin sensitivity accompanied by hyperinsulinemia and normoglycemia, increased visceral and total fat, decreased TAC and plasma catecholamines, and also decreased skeletal muscle Glut4 and AMPK protein expression. Chronic caffeine intake restored insulin sensitivity and regularized circulating insulin and NEFA in both aging models. Caffeine neither modified skeletal muscle AMPK expression nor activity in aged rats; however, it decreased visceral and total fat in 12 M rats and it restored skeletal muscle Glut4 expression to control values in 24 M rats. We concluded that chronic caffeine intake reverses aging-induced insulin resistance in rats by decreasing NEFA production and also by increasing Glut4 expression in skeletal muscle. © 2012 American Aging Association.


Figueiredo A.,CEDOC | Germano N.,CEDOC | Guedes P.,CEDOC | Marcelino P.,CEDOC
Current Cardiology Reviews | Year: 2011

Echocardiography is a non-invasive tool, aimed towards the anatomical and functional characterization of the heart. In Intensive Care it is considered nowadays as a necessary tool for patient evaluation. However, the information obtained using echocardiography is not the same as provided by other means, namely the invasive ones. In recent years there has been a significant evolution in the general concepts of haemodynamic support for the critically ill patient. In this new environment, echocardiography has gained particular relevance. In this text the new positioning of echocardiography in the light of the new concepts for hemodynamic support is described, as well as, the need for a specific formative program directed towards Intensive Care physicians. A new generation of biomarkers can also add relevant information and start a new era in haemodynamic support. They may help to further characterize the disease process, identifying patients at risk, as well as, characterize specific organ failure as well as monitoring therapy. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers.


PubMed | CEDOC
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Current cardiology reviews | Year: 2012

Echocardiography is a non-invasive tool, aimed towards the anatomical and functional characterization of the heart. In Intensive Care it is considered nowadays as a necessary tool for patient evaluation. However, the information obtained using echocardiography is not the same as provided by other means, namely the invasive ones. In recent years there has been a significant evolution in the general concepts of haemodynamic support for the critically ill patient. In this new environment, echocardiography has gained particular relevance. In this text the new positioning of echocardiography in the light of the new concepts for hemodynamic support is described, as well as, the need for a specific formative program directed towards Intensive Care physicians. A new generation of biomarkers can also add relevant information and start a new era in haemodynamic support. They may help to further characterize the disease process, identifying patients at risk, as well as, characterize specific organ failure as well as monitoring therapy.


This study evaluated the relationship between intraoperative hemodynamic instability (IOHI) and the development of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) toxicity in the early postoperative period after liver transplantation (LT). Eighty-two patients were enrolled during a 1-year period and a 3-month follow-up. IOHI, requiring continuous infusion of vasopressors, was observed in 31 patients (38%, group 1; control group 2, n= 51). Acute kidney injury (AKI) developed in 28 patients (52% in group 1 vs 24% in group 2, P= .02), and CNI-related neurotoxicity (CNI-NT) in 26 (48% in group 1 vs 22% in group 2, P= .03). Group 1 patients received mainly deceased donor grafts (87% vs 57% in group 2, P< .001). An independent association between IOHI and CNI-NT (P= .029) and AKI (P= .016) was observed. The receiver-operator characteristic curve revealed an area under the curve of 0.63 for IHI (sensitivity 56%; specificity 75%) and 0.65 for AKI (sensitivity 56%; specificity 70.2%). In conclusion, patients undergoing LT with IOHI may be more prone to developing CNI-NT and AKI in the early postoperative period.


PubMed | CEDOC
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Age (Dordrecht, Netherlands) | Year: 2013

The role of caffeine consumption on insulin action is still under debate. The hypothesis that chronic caffeine intake reverses aging-induced insulin resistance in the rat was tested in this work. The mechanism by which caffeine restores insulin sensitivity was also investigated. Six groups of rats were used: 3 months old (3 M), 3 months old caffeine-treated (3MCaf), 12 months old (12 M), 12 months old caffeine-treated (12MCaf), 24 months old (24 M), and 24 months old caffeine-treated (24MCaf). Caffeine was administered in drinking water (1 g/l) during 15 days. Insulin sensitivity was assessed by means of the insulin tolerance test. Blood pressure, body weight, visceral and total fat, fasting glycemia and insulinemia, plasma nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), cortisol, nitric oxide, and catecholamines were monitored. Skeletal muscle Glut4 and 5-AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) protein expression and activity were also assessed. Aged rats exhibited diminished insulin sensitivity accompanied by hyperinsulinemia and normoglycemia, increased visceral and total fat, decreased TAC and plasma catecholamines, and also decreased skeletal muscle Glut4 and AMPK protein expression. Chronic caffeine intake restored insulin sensitivity and regularized circulating insulin and NEFA in both aging models. Caffeine neither modified skeletal muscle AMPK expression nor activity in aged rats; however, it decreased visceral and total fat in 12 M rats and it restored skeletal muscle Glut4 expression to control values in 24 M rats. We concluded that chronic caffeine intake reverses aging-induced insulin resistance in rats by decreasing NEFA production and also by increasing Glut4 expression in skeletal muscle.

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