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Tan D.,Singapore General Hospital | Tan D.,Raffles Cancer Center | Kim K.,Sungkyunkwan University | Kim J.S.,Yonsei University | And 6 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2013

From the comprehensive MM registries of the Singapore (SG) and South Korea (SK) MM study groups, we study the survival data of 432 unselected and previously untreated MM patients diagnosed from 2006 to 2009. Although novel agents were introduced to both countries which have compatible healthcare standards at the same time, MM patients with high-risk features in SG could receive frontline bortezomib while bortezomib could only be approved for salvage setting in SK. After a median follow-up of 19 months, despite 26% of patients in SG versus none in SK having received frontline bortezomib, the overall bortezomib-exposure rate was higher in SK (60% versus 47%, p< 0.001). Significantly more patients had no response to induction in SK. Although the median overall survival (OS) of patients in SG and SK was not significantly different (not reached versus 4.83 years respectively, p= 0.2), corresponding 2-year OS for high-risk ISS patients treated in SG and SK was 81% and 67% respectively (p= 0.01). On multivariate analysis stratified by country, the attainment of ≥VGPR was the only significant prognostic factor in SG while the presence of high-risk ISS has significant early prognostic impact in SK. Frontline use of bortezomib compared to its sequential may avert early mortality especially among patients with high-risk MM. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Rifkin R.M.,Rocky Research | Abonour R.,Indiana University | Terebelo H.,Newland Medical Assoc. | Shah J.J.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 6 more authors.
Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia | Year: 2015

Background Connect MM is the first and largest observational, noninterventional, prospective registry of patients newly diagnosed with multiple myeloma (NDMM) in the United States. It collects longitudinal data on patients within clinical practice including patients in clinical trials. Patients and Methods Of the 1513 patients enrolled, 1493 were protocol-eligible. Results Median age was 67 years, 81.9% (1223/1493) were Caucasian, and 57.2% (854/1493) were male. Of these patients, 26.5% (232/877) were International Staging System stage I, 34.9% (306/877) stage II, and 38.7% (339/877) stage III. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0/1/2 were reported in 96.6% (1017/1053). Clonal plasma cells > 10% were found in 91.6% (1282/1399) of patients and M-component in 98.8% (1343/1359). Hypercalcemia was present in 7.3% (108/1481) of patients, serum creatinine > 2 mg/dL in 18.3% (271/1484), anemia in 45.1% (673/1493), and bone involvement in 76.7% (1143/1490). Of the 15 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) recommended diagnostic tests, a median of 12 were performed. Lactate dehydrogenase assessment, serum free light chain ratio, and immunofixation were reported in 38.4% (574/1493), 62.1% (927/1493), and 66% (985/1493) of patients, respectively. Quantitative immunoglobulin, β-2 microglobulin, and protein electrophoresis (serum or urine) were reported in 72.3% (1080/1493), 74.1% (1107/1493), and 78.0% (1164/1493) of patients, respectively. Bone marrow biopsy was reported in 92.2% (1376/1493), but conventional cytogenetic and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis were reported in only 63.2% (944/1493) and 59.8% (893/1493) of patients, respectively. A high-risk cytogenetic profile (according to International Myeloma Working Group [IMWG] criteria) was found in 16.9% (253/1493). Conclusion This analysis provides insight into the demographic and disease characteristics of NDMM patients in a range of clinical practices. Creating solid records of baseline patient disease characteristics using suggested NCCN diagnostic work-up and IMWG criteria provides a foundation for monitoring disease progression and response to treatment. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Kim K.,Sungkyunkwan University | Lee J.H.,Gachon University | Kim J.S.,Yonsei University | Min C.K.,Catholic University of Korea | And 17 more authors.
American Journal of Hematology | Year: 2014

The incidence of multiple myeloma (MM) is known to be variable according to ethnicity. However, the differences in clinical characteristics between ethnic groups are not well-defined. In Asian countries, although the incidence of MM has been lower than that of Western countries, there is growing evidence that MM is increasing rapidly. The Asian Myeloma Network decided to initiate the first multinational project to describe the clinical characteristics of MM and the clinical practices in Asia. Data were retrospectively collected from 23 centers in 7 countries and regions. The clinical characteristics at diagnosis, survival rates and initial treatment of 3,405 symptomatic MM patients were described. Median age was 62 years (range, 19-106), with 55.6% of being male. Median overall survival (OS) was 47 months (95% CI 44.0-50.0). Stem cell transplantation was performed in 666 patients who showed better survival rates (79 vs. 41 months, P<0.001). The first-line treatments of 2,970 patients were analyzed. The overall response rate was 71% including very good partial response or better in 31% of the 2,660 patients those were able to be evaluated. New drugs including bortezomib, thalidomide, and lenalidomide were used in 36% of 2,970 patients and affected OS when used as a first-line treatment. Am. J. Hematol. 89:751-756, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Palumbo A.,University of Turin | Rajkumar S.V.,Mayo Medical School | San Miguel J.F.,University of Salamanca | Larocca A.,University of Turin | And 17 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2014

Purpose: To provide an update on recent advances in the management of patients with multiple myeloma who are not eligible for autologous stem-cell transplantation. Methods: A comprehensive review of the literature on diagnostic criteria is provided, and treatment options and management of adverse events are summarized. Results: Patients with symptomatic disease and organ damage (ie, hypercalcemia, renal failure, anemia, or bone lesions) require immediate treatment. The International Staging System and chromosomal abnormalities identify high- and standard-risk patients. Proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, corticosteroids, and alkylating agents are the most active agents. The presence of concomitant diseases, frailty, or disability should be assessed and, if present, treated with reduced-dose approaches. Bone disease, renal damage, hematologic toxicities, infections, thromboembolism, and peripheral neuropathy are the most frequent disabling events requiring prompt and active supportive care. Conclusion: These recommendations will help clinicians ensure the most appropriate care for patients with myeloma in everyday clinical practice. © 2014 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Richardson P.G.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Delforge M.,University Hospital Leuven | Beksac M.,Ankara University | Wen P.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | And 33 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2012

Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is one of the most important complications of multiple myeloma (MM) treatment. PN can be caused by MM itself, either by the effects of the monoclonal protein or in the form of radiculopathy from direct compression, and particularly by certain therapies, including bortezomib, thalidomide, vinca alkaloids and cisplatin. Clinical evaluation has shown that up to 20% of MM patients have PN at diagnosis and as many as 75% may experience treatment-emergent PN during therapy. The incidence, symptoms, reversibility, predisposing factors and etiology of treatment-emergent PN vary among MM therapies, with PN incidence also affected by the dose, schedule and combinations of potentially neurotoxic agents. Effective management of treatment-emergent PN is critical to minimize the incidence and severity of this complication, while maintaining therapeutic efficacy. Herein, the state of knowledge regarding treatment-emergent PN in MM patients and current management practices are outlined, and recommendations regarding optimal strategies for PN management during MM treatment are provided. These strategies include early and regular monitoring with neurological evaluation, with dose modification and treatment discontinuation as indicated. Areas requiring further research include the development of MM-specific, patient-focused assessment tools, pharmacogenomic analysis of patient DNA, and trials to assess the efficacy of pharmacological interventions. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

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