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Cadarache, France

Noguere G.,CEA Cadarache Center
Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics

This work reports Np237 neutron resonance parameters obtained from the simultaneous analysis of time-of-flight data measured at the GELINA, ORELA, KURRI, and LANSCE facilities. A statistical analysis of these resonances relying on average R-matrix and optical model calculations was used to establish consistent l-dependent average resonance parameters involved in the description of the unresolved resonance range of the Np237 neutron cross sections. For neutron orbital angular momentum l=0, we obtained an average radiation width Γγ=39.3±1.0 meV, a neutron strength function 104S0=1.02±0.14, a mean level spacing D0=0.60±0.03 eV, and a potential scattering length R′=9.8±0.1 fm. © 2010 The American Physical Society. Source

Kvashnina K.O.,European Synchrotron Radiation Facility | Butorin S.M.,Uppsala University | Martin P.,CEA Cadarache Center | Glatzel P.,European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
Physical Review Letters

We report here the first direct observation of U(V) in uranium binary oxides and analyze the gradual conversion of the U oxidation state in the mixed uranium systems. Our finding clarifies previous contradicting results and provides important input for the geological disposal of spent fuel, recycling applications, and chemistry of uranium species. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

Swarup R.,University of Nottingham | Peret B.,CEA Cadarache Center
Frontiers in Plant Science

Auxin regulates several aspects of plant growth and development. Auxin is unique among plant hormones for exhibiting polar transport. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), the major form of auxin in higher plants, is a weak acid and its intercellular movement is facilitated by auxin influx and efflux carriers. Polarity of auxin movement is provided by asymmetric localization of auxin carriers (mainly PIN efflux carriers). PIN-FORMED (PIN) and P-GLYCOPROTEIN (PGP) family of proteins are major auxin efflux carriers whereas AUXIN1/LIKE-AUX1 (AUX/LAX) are major auxin influx carriers. Genetic and biochemical evidence show that each member of the AUX/LAX family is a functional auxin influx carrier and mediate auxin related developmental programmes in different organs and tissues. Of the four AUX/LAX genes, AUX1 regulates root gravitropism, root hair development and leaf phyllotaxy whereas LAX2 regulates vascular development in cotyledons. Both AUX1 and LAX3 have been implicated in lateral root (LR) development as well as apical hook formation whereas both AUX1 and LAX1 and possibly LAX2 are required for leaf phyllotactic patterning. © 2012 Swarupand Péret. Source

Dorado B.,CEA DAM Ile-de-France | Garcia P.,CEA Cadarache Center
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics

We report first-principles DFT+U calculations of the paramagnetic phases of uranium dioxide (UO2) and (U,Pu) mixed oxides (MOX). We use a combination of two techniques, the first of which enables us to treat the presence of metastable states and the other the random distribution of spins (for paramagnetism) and of plutonium atoms (for MOX). The resulting method is first used to determine the ground-state properties of paramagnetic UO 2 and is then applied to MOX with 12.5% and 25% Pu, for which both experimental and theoretical studies are lacking. We find the paramagnetic phase of fluorite UO2 to be more stable than the antiferromagnetic phase as expected from experimentation, with ground-state properties in excellent agreement with experimental data. Results on MOX show that most of the ground-state properties of UO2 are affected by addition of 12.5% Pu and do not seem to be much different when the plutonium content changes, at least for Pu contents below 30%. For both UO2 and MOX, it is found that the true paramagnetic order has a significant effect on the calculated elastic constants, compared to the antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic orders. By contrast, we find that regarding energetics, the antiferromagnetic order may be used as a very good approximation of the paramagnetic state. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

This work addresses the question of the relation between strike-point splitting and magnetic stochasticity at the edge of a poloidally diverted tokamak in the presence of externally imposed magnetic perturbations. More specifically, ad-hoc helical current sheets are introduced in order to mimic a hypothetical screening of the external resonant magnetic perturbations by the plasma. These current sheets, which suppress magnetic islands, are found to reduce the amount of splitting expected at the target, which suggests that screening effects should be observable experimentally. Multiple screening current sheets reinforce each other, i.e. less current relative to the case of only one current sheet is required to screen the perturbation. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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